LUOMUS

Finnish Museum of Natural History

Country and territory definitions -- Atlas Florae Europaeae

Country and 'territory' abbreviations originally followed those defined and accepted in Flora Europaea. Since the volumes of Flora Europaea have been published, due changes were introduced to cope with the political actions resulted in many new countries emerged when the former Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and the USSR dissolved.

The territories accepted in Atlas Florae Europaeae are intended for scientific purposes only (in particular, for mapping of distribution of plant taxa) and for promoting effective communication and collaboration of partner institutions and/or individuals. The boundaries of these geographical units may or may not coincide with state or administrative borders, and the names of these units may or may not coincide with names of countries. The geographical units accepted here are not intended and should not be interpreted as an endorsement and/or support of any political actions, views or statements, or as violation of international treaties and/or national legislation of the participating or other countries.

Both presently used (vol. 15) and abandoned territory designations are listed here. The designations which are not in use any more are given in square brackets, and explanations on their former use and present-day equivalents are provided. Alternative or historical names, from which the relevant designations are derived, are given in Italics.

Click on territory abbreviations to see territory maps based on Google Earth and Google Maps. The AFE grid system for particular countries and mapping territories, as well as for first-level administrative territories within the Russian Federation, is developed by Raino Lampinen and available from his webpages. These pages also have tools for coordinators to help assigning the records to a certain AFE grid cell.

Abbreviation Area
Al Albania
Au Austria, with Liechtenstein
Az Azores, part of Portugal
Be Belgium, with Luxembourg [as a single area in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–13], territories are specified below
Be (B) Belgium [part of Be in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–13]
Be (L) Luxembourg [part of Be in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–13]
[Bel] Belarus [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to By
BH Bosnia and Herzegovina [part of Ju in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; part of Jug in AFE vols. 10–12]
Bl Balearic Islands, part of Spain
Br United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Britannia), excluding the Channel Islands for Ga and Northern Ireland for Hb
Bu Bulgaria
By Belarus (Byelorussia) [part of Rs (C) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; Bel in AFE vols. 10–12]
Cg Montenegro [part of Ju in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; part of Jug in AFE vols. 10–12; part of SM in AFE vols. 13–15]
Co Corse (Corsica), part of France
Cr Crete (Creta), with Karpathos, Kasos and Gavdhos
Cs Czech Republic [part of Cz in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; Cze in AFE vols. 10–12]
Ct Croatia [part of Ju in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; Hrv in AFE vols. 10–12]
[Cz] the former Czechoslovakia [in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; subsequently split into Cs and Sk
[Cze] Czech Republic [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to Cs
Da Denmark (Dania)
Es Estonia [part of Rs (B) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; Est in AFE vols. 10–12]
[Est] Estonia [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to Es
Fa Faroes (Faroe Islands), part of Denmark
Fe Finland (Fennia)
Ga France (Gallia), with the Channel Islands (part of Great Britain) and Monaco, excluding Corse for Co
Ge Germany
Gr Greece, excluding the islands assigned to Cr and those which are outside Europe as defined in Flora Europaea
Hb Ireland (Hibernia), including Northern Ireland of the UK
He Switzerland (Helvetia)
Ho Netherlands (Hollandia)
[Hrv] Croatia (Hrvatska) [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to Ct
Hs Spain (Hispania), with Gibraltar and Andorra; excluding Balearic Islands
Hu Hungary
Is Iceland (Islandia)
It Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City; excluding Sardinia for Sa and Sicilia for Si (S) as defined elsewhere
[Ju] the former Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija) [in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; subsequently split into BH, Cg, Ct, Ko, Mk, Se, Sl
[Jug] the former Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija), excluding Croatia and Slovenia [in AFE vols. 10–12]; subsequently split into BH, Cg, Ko, Mk, Se
Kaz Kazakhstan, European part [part of Rs (E) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]
Ko Kosovo [part of Ju in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; part of Jug in AFE vols. 10–12; part of SM in AFE vols. 13–15]
[Kry] Crimea (Krym), part of Ukraine [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to Uk (K)
La Latvia [part of Rs (B) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; Lat in AFE vols. 10–12]
[Lat] Latvia [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to La
[Lit] Lithuania and Kaliningrad Region of Russia [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to Lt with exclusion of Rus (Ka)
Lt Lithuania [part of Rs (B) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; part of Lit in AFE vols. 10–12]
Lu Portugal (Lusitania), excluding Azores
Mk Macedonia [part of Ju in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; part of Jug in AFE vols. 10–12]
Mo Moldova [part of Rs (W) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; part of Ukr in AFE vols. 10–12]
No Norway, excluding Svalbard for Sb as defined elsewhere
Po Poland
Rm Romania
[Rs] the former USSR (Russia), European part [in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; renamed to Rus with exclusion of By, Es, Kaz, La, Lt, Mo and Uk; territories are specified below
[Rs (B)] the former USSR, European part (Baltic division) [in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; split into Es, La, Lt and Rus (Ka)
[Rs (C)] the former USSR, European part (Central division) [in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; renamed to Rus (C) with exclusion of By and part of Uk (U)
[Rs (E)] the former USSR, European part (South-eastern division) [in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; renamed to Rus (E) with exclusion of Kaz and part of Uk (U)
[Rs (K)] the former USSR, European part (Crimea) [in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; renamed to Uk (K)
[Rs (N)] the former USSR, European part (Northern division) [in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; renamed to Rus (N)
[Rs (W)] the former USSR, European part (South-western division) [in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; split into Mo and Uk (U)
Rus Russia, European part [part of Rs in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; territories are specified below
Rus (C) European Russia (Central division), defined as: 1) north to the southern boundary of Karelia and Komi Republic, as well as the western part of Vologda Region (including Kirillov and Sheksna Districts); 2) south to the northern boundaries of Rostov, Volgograd and Saratov Regions, thence up to the river line Volga - Kama - Belaya, upstream along this line to the river bend south of Meleuz at 56°E, thence along the boundary of Orenburg Region to 57°E, then straight south to the Ural River [Rs (N) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]
Rus (E) European Russia (South-eastern division), defined as: north to the southern boundaries of Voronezh, Tambov, Penza and Ulyanovsk Regions, thence up to the river line Volga - Kama - Belaya, upstream along this line to the river bend south of Meleuz at 56°E, thence along the boundary of Orenburg Region to 57°E, then straight south to the Ural River [Rs (E) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]
Rus (Ka) European Russia, Kaliningrad Region [part of Rs (B) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; part of Lit in AFE vols. 10–12]
Rus (N) European Russia (Northern division), defined as: south to the southern boundary of Karelia and Komi Republic, as well as the eastern part of Vologda Region (including Vozhega, Ust'-Kubina and Vologda Districts) [Rs (N) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]
Sa Sardinia, part of Italy
Sb Svalbard, comprising Spitsbergen, Björnöya (Bear Island) and Jan Mayen; part of Norway
Se Serbia [part of Ju in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; part of Jug in AFE vols. 10–12; part of SM in AFE vols. 13–15]
Si Sicilia, with Pantelleria, the Pelagie Islands, the Lipari Islands and Ustica, part of Italy; including Malta [as a single area in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–13]; territories are specified below
Si (M) Malta [part of Si in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–13]
Si (S) Sicilia, with Pantelleria, the Pelagie Islands, the Lipari Islands and Ustica, part of Italy [part of Si in Flora Europaea and in AFE vols. 1–13]
Sk Slovakia [part of Cz in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; Sla in AFE vols. 10–12]
Sl Slovenia [part of Ju in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; Sle in AFE vols. 10–12]
[Sla] Slovakia [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to Sk
[Sle] Slovenia [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to Sl
[SM] Serbia and Montenegro [in AFE vols. 13–15; part of Ju in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; part of Jug in AFE vols. 10–12]; split into Cg, Ko and Se
Su Sweden (Suecia)
Tu Turkey (European part), including Imroz
Uk Ukraine [Rs (K) and Rs (W), and part of Rs (C) and Rs (E) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9]; territories are specified below
Uk (K) Crimea, part of Ukraine [Rs (K) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; Kry in AFE vols. 10–12]
Uk (U) Ukraine, excluding Crimea [Rs (W) and part of Rs (C) and Rs (E) in Flora Europaea and AFE vols. 1–9; Ukr in AFE vols. 10–12]
[Ukr] Ukraine (excluding Crimea) and Moldova [in AFE vols. 10–12]; renamed to Uk (U) with exclusion of Mo

 

Person in charge of the page: 
Alex Sennikov
28.10.2015