Ex-Situ Conservation of Finnish Native Plant Species
- What is ESCAPE?
- What is ex-situ conservation?
- Why to conserve ex-situ?
- How does ex-situ conservation help in-situ conservation?
- Is ex-situ conservation really needed in Finland?
- What biodiversity problems does ESCAPE target?
- What are project objectives?
- Who are we?
- Materials (partly in Finnish)
The word ESCAPE comes from name ot the project "Ex-Situ Conservation of Finnish Native Plant Species"
Ex-situ conservation is defined as protection of an organism 'off-site' i.e. outside its native habitat.
Conservation in natural habitats (in situ) is simply not enough. In Europe, the conservation status of more than half of the habitats and species listed in the annexes of the EU Habitats directive is classified as unfavourable, and the target of halting biodiversity loss by 2010 was not achieved.
From ex-situ collections, conserved in the form of living plants, stored seeds, and tissue cultures, plants can be reintroduced to their original or, where necessary, ecologically restored habitats. Alternatively, new areas considered to provide more favourable living conditions as climate change proceeds, can be targeted.
Yes. The seemingly pristine large habitat areas such as boreal forests are, in fact, often fragmented to a degree that has an impact on the survival of many species. Moreover, the state of Finland is committed to the implementation of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC). Hence, the proportion of threatened plant taxa in ex-situ conservation should be increased from less than 20% (situation now) to 75% by 2020.
The loss of biodiversity through the extinction of native species is an irreversible process and one of the key threats to the long-term existence of mankind. Problems that can be alleviated in ESCAPE:
- Diminishing distribution areas of wild plant species
- Reduction in genetic diversity in native plant populations
- Hybridization between alien and native species
- Spread and problems caused by invasive species
- Illegal collecting
ESCAPE-project aims to:
- Implement the national action plan for ex-situ conservation of threatened native plants (strategy)
- Develop methods and new combinations of conservation means in order to increase the population size and ensure the genetic diversity of threatened plant species in Finland.
- Use ex-situ conserved plant material and test the possibilities for assisted migration (AM, i.e. transfer to a new site) and also reintroduction of plant species to sites from where they have disappeared.
- Compile instructions for ex-situ plant protection methodology for conservation officers responsible of local species protection activities in Finland. Furthermore, exhibitions and seminars will be arranged in order to increase the knowledge among the decision-makers, the general public, and the future influentials, school children and their teachers.
ESCAPE is coordinated by the Botany Unit, Finnish Museum of Natural History (LUOMUS) in the University of Helsinki (see map)
Associated beneficiaries are:
Botanical Gardens of the University of Oulu (see map)
Natural Heritage Services of Metsähallitus and
Finnish Environment Institute
Contact details (email: email@example.com)
Dr. Marko Hyvärinen, project leader
Dr. Sanna Laaka-Lindberg, project coordinator
In co-operation with: www.facebook.com/kasvitieteellinenpuutarha
- ESCAPE Final Report Revised 26.3.2018 (pdf)
- Sammalten etäsuojeluopas, Ulmus 16. (Guide for bryophytes ex situ conservation, open publication, in Finnish 13.3.2018)
- Deliverable F.3 After-LIFE Communication Plan 31.8.2017 (pdf)
- Deliverable C.5 ESCAPE: Science article on bryphyte ex-situ conservation 31.5.2017 (pdf)
- Deliverable E.5: Escape Layman´s Report 30.6.2017 (pdf)
- Deliverable C2: List: ex-situ conserved native plants in genebank 31.05.2017 (pdf)
- Deliverable E.1: Brochure about results of ESCAPE project.pdf (May 2017)
- Bryobrotherella 20/2017: Sammalten etäsuojelua ESCAPE-hankkeessa: mitä opittiin? (pdf, English abstarct)
- Action C.7 Deliverable: Addressing potential local adaptation in species distribution models: implications for conservation under climate change (on Ecological Applications 20.3.2017)
- Action C.5 Milestone: Bryophyte ex situ conservation scheme Feb 2017 (pdf)
- Milestone action D.5: Monitoring report on socioeconomic imact (pdf)
Deliverable report C3: List: Cryopreserved threatened native plant taxa (pdf)
- Milestone D4: Technical report on success of micropropagation by Ruotsalainen, A.L., Hämäläinen, A. & Kauppila T, University of Oulu, 27.2.2015 (available on demand)
- Milestone C1: Updated inventory of ESCAPE plants in botanic gardens 31.1.2015 (pdf)
- Deliverable C4: Native plants in outdoor gardens exchanded 31.12.2014 (pdf)
- Milestone C8: Reintroductions of plant species 29.9.2015 (pdf)
- Milestone C6: Min. of five taxa population increase scheme 31.10.14.pdf (pdf)
- Milestone C4: Update Inventory of ESCAPE Plants in Botanic Gardens 30.6.2014 (pdf)
- Milestone D1: Garden Database check for data accuracy ESCAPE 15.4.2014 (pdf)
- ESCAPE Priorisation Explanations vers. 2.3. (pdf)
- Deliverable E.1: ESCAPE brochure 2013 (pdf)
- Assisted Migration Criteria 31.1.2013 (pdf)
- ENSCONET Collecting Manual (pdf)
- ENSCONET Curation protocol (pdf)
In Finnish and in Swedish:
- Deliverable E.1: Etäsuojelijan opas – avoimesti ladattavana pdf-tiedostona
- Annex PR3 action C.8.1. Deliverable: Suomen uhanalaisten luonnonkasvien ex situ -suojelu osaksi lajiensuojelun kokonaisuutta (Luonnon Tutkija 4/2015, pdf)
Annex PR3 action E.1.1. Deliverable: Etäsuojelussa kasvitieteellisessä puutarhassa (SORBIFOLIA 47(2) 2016, pdf)
- Deliverable report D2: Arviointiraportti ex situ -lisättyjen lajien luontoon palautuksista ajalta 2014-2016 1.12.2016 (pdf)
- Deliverable E.2: Hei, me etäsuojellaan kasveja lähellä! ESCAPE Exhibition 2015
- Kasvitieteellisten puutarhojen tiedotuslehti Pimpinella vol. 30/2014
- Deliverable E.1: Lajisuojelun verkkolehti Lenninsiipi kevät 2013.pdf (7.3.2014)
- ESCAPE management plan 17.12.2013 (pdf)
- ESCAPE seed collection instructions (pdf)
- ESCAPE brochure 2013 (pdf)
- ESCAPE poster 2013 (pdf)
- ESCAPE priority list (pdf)
- Ex situ conservtion: species list and selection criteria 30.1.2013 (pdf)