Finnish Museum of Natural History
The Kumpula Garden includes only outdoor collections. These consist of sections for economic plants and geographical sections. A selection of cereals; vegetables; dye, perfume, and fodder plants; berry bushes; fruit trees; medicinal and spice herbs; and old rose cultivars are displayed. In the geographic sections the plants are arranged by the geographic origin of the species into sections for Europe; eastern North America; Western North America; the Far East; and Japan.
The Kumpula Garden was established in 1987 and has been open for the audience since 2009.
The base colour of the labels is white. A red label is given to species that are threatened in their native area. The labels contain the following information:
The plant collection at Kumpula Garden can be divided into the following special collections:
The geographical sections in Kumpula are particularly valuable scientifically since all the plants are of known wild origin mostly collected on our own expeditions. Some have been obtained through international seed exchange from other botanic gardens, but these are wild-collected.
In other sections of the garden the plants are either of wild or garden origin: The origin of some of the older accessons is unknown. All information on all accessions are kept in the garden’s computer database. The labels of the plants are of three different colours: white is the standard colour, while endangered plants have red labels, and economic plants in the greenhouses have yellow labels.
The plantations of the garden are mapped. The maps contain both registration numbers and names of all plant accessions. Due to the existence of the plantation maps the information of the plants is secured even in the case of damage to field labels.