LUOMUS

Luonnontieteellinen keskusmuseo

Sahlbergian vuosikerrat 1994–2017

Vuosikerta 1 (1994)

The distribution of Eucnemidae (Coleoptera) in eastern Fennoscandia
Muona, Jyrki 1994: Itäisen Fennoskandian sepiköiden levinneisyys (Coleoptera, Eucnemidae). [The distribution of Eucnemidae (Coleoptera) in eastern Fennoscandia] - Sahlbergia 1:1-6.

Maps are given depicting the distribution of the eleven false click-beetles found in eastern Fennoscandia. Possible changes in the distribution and/or abundancce of the species are discussed on the basis of known dated records and changes in collecting practices and activity. The data suggest that in the area during this century Rhacopus sahlbergi (Mannerheim) has declined and Hylis procerulus (Mannerheim) increased; Hylochares cruentatus (Gyllenhal) has gone extinct in Finland, but appears to thrive in parts of Russian Karelia. No change seems to have taken place in the occurance of Hylis cariniceps (Reitter). Hylis foveicollis (Thomson) is more frequently encountered than earlier, but this seems to be directly connected with the greatly increased use of window-traps - no change can be seen in catches made by traditional methods. Although collecting activity has increased, the records of the most frequently found species, Microrhagus pygmaeus (Fabricius), have not increased. This may suggest that it is declining in Finland.

New distributional data on some Coleoptera in Finland and Russian Karelia
Muona, Jyrki 1994: Tarkennuksia eräiden kuoriaislajien esiintymiseen Suomessa ja Venäjän Karjalassa (Coleoptera). [New distributional data on some Coleoptera in Finland and Russian Karelia] - Sahlbergia 1:7-10.

The Finnish records of the elaterids Lacon lepidopterus (Panzer) and Melanotus villosus (Geoffroy) and the scolytid Trypodendron proximum (Niijima) are discussed. Both M. villosus and T. proximum are reported from Russian Karelia as well. The buprestid Agrilus angustulus Ratzeburg and the eucnemid Hylis olexai (Palm) are removed from the Finnish list as all the records are based on misidentified specimens. A moderately reliable, previously ignored difference between M. villosus and M. castanipes is pointed out: in M. castanipes the prosternal peg is often more strongly deflexed in lateral view than in M. villosus.

Bombus terrestris auct. new to Finland (Hymenoptera, Apidae)
Pekkarinen, Antti & Erkki Kaarnama 1994: Bombus terrestris auct. new to Finland. - Sahlbergia 1:11-13.

Bombus terrestris auct. is recorded for the first time from Finland from two localities in the town of Helsinki. Usable characters for specific determination are presented. Putative origins of the species in southern Finland and a problem in the nomenclatory are discussed.

New provincial records of diving beetles in Finland (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae)
Nilsson, Anders N. & Juhani Itämies 1994: New provincial records of diving beetles in Finland (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae). - Sahlbergia 1:14.

New records of diving beetles (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae) are reported from the provinces of Al, Ka, Om, ObS, ObN and Ks.

>The primeval forest of Kanaküla (Estonia) is rich in rare beetles (Coleoptera)
Roosileht, Uno 1994: The primeval forest of Kanaküla (Estonia) is rich in rare beetles (Coleoptera). - Sahlbergia 1: 15-20.

The Coleoptera fauna of the primeval forest of Kanaküla was studied. Eudectus giraudi (Redt.), Olisthaerus megacephalus (Zett.), Trichophya pilicornis (Gyll.) and Isorhipis marmottani Bonv. are reported from Estonia for the first time.

Uusia Crossocerus-löytöjä Suomesta (Hymenoptera, Sphecoidea, Crabronidae)
Koponen, Martti 1994: Uusia Crossocerus-löytöjä Suomesta (Hymenoptera, Sphecoidea, Crabronidae). - Sahlbergia 1: 21-22.

New distributional records and comments on 15 species of Crossocerus (Crabronidae) are given.

New records of threatened Diptera in Finland
Polevoi, A. V. & Ståhls, G. 1994: New records of threatened Diptera in Finland. - Sahlbergia 23-25.

New records of the families Pachyneuridae, Keroplatidae, Xylophagidae, Syrphidae and Clusiidae are given, with discussion of the threatened status of some species.

Conwntzia psociformis (Curtis, 1834) (Neuroptera, Planipennia, Coniopterygidae), a new species for Finland
Lammes, Tapio 1994: Conwntzia psociformis (Curtis, 1834) (Neuroptera, Planipennia, Coniopterygidae), maallemme uusi laji. [Conwntzia psociformis (Curtis, 1834) (Neuroptera, Planipennia, Coniopterygidae), a new species for Finland] - Sahlbergia 1: 26.

This is the first time that the Conwntzia psociformis (Curtis, 1834), occurring on Quercus robur, is reported from Finland. The closest known occurrences are from southern Sweden and Norway.

New and corrected records on the distribution of Finnish Heteroptera 2
Lammes, Tapio & Rinne, Veikko 1994: New and corrected records on the distribution of Finnish Heteroptera 2. - Sahlbergia 1: 27-28.

New provincial records for 37 species of Heteroptera in Finland are given. Noteworthy is the report of, an endangered species, Aradus truncates, Fieber, from Suonenjoki (PS).

Capnia vidua Klapalek (Plecoptera, Capniidae) from Kuusamo
Kuusela, Kalevi 1994: Capnia vidua Klapalek (Plecoptera, Capniidae) Kuusamosta. [Capnia vidua Klapalek (Plecoptera, Capniidae) from Kuusamo]. - Sahlbergia 1: 29.

Capnia vidua Klapalek (Plecoptera, Capniidae) is reported from the biogeographical province of Regio Kuusamoensis, Grid 27E: 7367:602, from a 2nd order stream running under the dense riparian cover of tall coniferous trees. The population is located about 400 km away from previously known stands in northern Fennoscandia.

Northerly record of Saucer Bug, Aphelocheirus aestivalis, from Pudasjärvi, Finland.
Kuusela, Kalevi 1994: Virtaluteen Aphelocheirus aestivalis (Heteroptera, Aphelocheiridae) phojoinen löytö Pudasjärveltä. [Northerly record of Saucer Bug, Aphelocheirus aestivalis, from Pudasjärvi, Finland.] - Sahlbergia 1: 30-32.

Aphelocheirus aestivalis (Fabricius) is reported from North Ostrobothnia, S part (ObS; Pudasjärvi, Korpijoki 65°45’N, 27°27’E), where it was detected in the stomach of grayling (Thymallus thymallus, Salmonidae, Pisces). The map pf distribution in Finland is given. Some ecological and biological characteristics are presented.


Vuosikerta 2 (1995)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Checklist of Finnish Leidoptera – Suomen perhosten luettelo

Varis, Vesa (ed.), Matti Ahola, Anders Albrecht, Jukka Jalava, Lauri Kaila, Sakari Kerppola & Jaakko Kullberg 1995: Checklist of Finnish Leidoptera – Suomen perhosten luettelo. - Sahlbergia 2: 1-80.

The Lepidoptera species recorded from Finland until 1 April 1995 are listed. Imported species are not included. After our publication of our previous checklist, the number of recorded species has increased by 61, the present total number being 2378. Fifty-three species has been recorded as new to Finland, two species have been described as new, seven taxa formerly considered as single species have been split, on species earlier omitted from our list has been reinstated, and one species considered as an import is now treated as indigenous. All changes with respect to the previous Finnish checklist are briefly annotated.

Second recorded import of the Neotropical Warble Fly, Dermatobia hominis , to Finland

Ståhls, Gunilla 1995: Second recorded import of the Neotropical Warble Fly, Dermatobia hominis (Diptera, Oestridae, Cuterebrinae), to Finland . - Sahlbergia 2: 81-82.

The Neotropical Warble Fly, Dermatobia hominis , is recorded for the second time from Finland . A female tourist who visited Guatemala had acquired two larvae on her scalp. The life-cycle and the process of host infection are described.

Roundworm Pheromermis pachysoma (von Linstow) found in Finland (Nematoda, Mermithidae)

Pekkarinen, Antti & Huldén, Larry 1995: Sukkulamato Pheromermis pachysoma (von Linstow) (Nematoda, Mermithidae) löydetty Suomesta yhteiskunta-ampiaisesta [Roundworm Pheromermis pachysoma (von Linstow) found in Finland (Nematoda, Mermithidae)]. – Sahlbergia 2: 83-85.

Pheromermis pachysoma (von Linstow) has been recorded from southern Finland as a parasite of a queen of Dolichovespula norwegica (Fabricius). The length of the postparasitic juvenile worm was about 90mm and its greatest width about 1mm. Several records indicate a large distribution of the parasite in Europe , but it is unsettled weather various European populations are conspecific. The biology of the parasite is described on the basis of the literature.

Description of the female and notes on the biology of Elachista nielswolffi Svensson (Lepidoptera, Elachistidae)

Itämies, Juhani & Mutanen, Marko 1995: Description of the female and notes on the biology of Elachista nielswolffi Svensson (Lepidoptera, Elachistidae). - Sahlbergia 2: 86.

One female of Elachista nielswolffi Svensson, 1976 was bread from a leaf of Deschampsia flexuosa , the first known food plant of the species. The female is described.

A checklist of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica. Part 1. Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Pimplinae, Rhyssinae and Diacritinae

Koponen, Martti, Jussila, Reijo & Vikberg, Veli 1995: Suomen loispistiäisluettelo (Hymenoptera, Parasitica) Osa 1. heimo Ichneumonidae, alaheimot Pimplinae, Rhyssinae ja Diacritinae [A checklist of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica. Part 1. Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Pimplinae, Rhyssinae and Diacritinae]. - Sahlbergia 2:87-98.

Distribution and phenology of the Vespinae and Polistinae species in eastern Fennoscandia (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)

Pekkarinen, Antti & Huldén, Larry 1995: Distribution and phenology of the Vespinae and Polistinae species in eastern Fennoscandia (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). - Sahlbergia 2: 99-111.

Distribution and phenology of 12 Vespinae species and Polistes nimpha in Finland and northwestern Russia are presented on the basis of about 7400 specimens from public and private collections. Recent records indicate a permanent population of Vespa crabro in Olonets Karelia, but there are no Finnish records of nesting after 1973. There are no new records about P . nimpha , but it may be present in the Karelian Isthmus or Olonets Karelia. The range of six species extend to the northernmost alpine (oroarctic) habitats in Fennoscandia and D . norwegica is a predominating species in the northern habitats. Compared with other Vespinae species, the abundances of Dolichovespula media , D . sylvestris , Vespula austriaca and D . rufa have decreased over the last few decades in Finland , while abundances of D . saxonica and V . vulgaris have increased. The phenology of most species is fairly similar. Yet, hibernated queens of the three inquiline species emerge later (in June) than nest making species, and the season for colonies of V . crabro and Vespula vulgaris is considerably longer in the autumn than for other species.

Migration of hornet (Vespa crabro L.) in southwestern archipelago of Finland in 1992

Kullberg, Jaakko 1995: Herhiläisvaellus lounaissaaristossa loppukesällä 1992 [Migration of hornet (Vespa crabro L.) in southwestern archipelago of Finland in 1992]. - Sahlbergia 2: 112.

Three male hornet (Vespa crabro) specimens were collected from the southwestern Finland during August and September in the archipelago of N: Hanko and Ab: Dragsfjärd. The hornet is considered as an endangered species in Finland . However it is obvious that these specimens are immigrants from south, because there is no data about nesting in collecting sites. During these seasons the weather was good for insect migrations and also several other species of migrating insects were observed in the see.

Mapping of the leaf beetle secies Macroplea pubipennis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the Esbo bay, Finland

Biström, Olof 1995: Kartering av stor natebock, bladbaggen Macroplea pubipennis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) I Esboviken, Finland [Mapping of the leaf beetle secies Macroplea pubipennis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the Esbo bay, Finland]. - Sahlbergia 2: 113-116.

A detailed, distributional survey of the threatened, waterliving leaf beetle species Macroplea pubipennis (Reuter) in the Esbo bay, Gulf of Finland , is presented. Thus far, the species is in Europe known only from Finland and at present only one locality with a viable population is known. Protection of the known locality in Esbo bay is urgently needed to secure the future occurrence of the species in this area. Two larvae, probably belonging to M . pubipennis , were recorded on the waterplant Myriophyllum verticillatum .

Distribution records of Finnish weevils

Silfverberg, Hans 1995: Utbredningsuppgifter om Finlands vivalar (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) [Distribution records of Finnish weevils]. - Sahlbergia 2: 117-118.

New records mentioned for some Finnish weevil species; either rare species or records that essentially enlarge the known range. Larinus planus (F.) has been reported from Finland based on misidentified L . sturnus specimen, and is thus deleted from the Finnish fauna.

Phorbia phrenione (Seguy) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in Finland

Väre, Henry & Itämies, Juhani 1995: Phorbia phrenione (Seguy) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in Finland . - Sahlbergia 2: 119-124.

Phorbia phrenione (Seguy) is a poorly known fly in Finland ; it is not included in the list of Finnish Diptera. P . phrenione feeds on an Ascomycete ( Epichloe typhina : Clavicipitaceae), which infects the culms an leaves of various grass species. Based on the occurrence of eggs and larval covers in the stroma of its mutualistic counterpart E . typhina in herbarium specimens, the distribution of the fly in Finland was mapped. Eggs and larval covers occurred in over 90 % of herbarium specimens. E . typhina and P . phrenione are scattered but widely distributed in Finland , its northernmost positions being in the parishes of Enontekiö and Utsjoki. Only the fjeld region seems to be completely outside its range. E . typhina prefers Dactylis glomerata and Phleum pretense in southern Finland , but Calamagrostis lapponica and C . purpurea subsp. phragmitoides in northern Finland.It seams appropriate to assume that E . typhina and P . phreonine have reached Finland from two directions, as evidenced by the lack of both E . typhina and P . phreonine in Central Finland . Populations in SW Finland apparently orginate from Central Europe , and those in northern from the east. These assumptions are further supported by the fact that grass species infected by E . typhina in SW Finland are the same as those in Central Europe, but in northern Finland only Calamagrostis species are infected. This is a rare host genus in Central Europe, the species which host E . typhina and Phorbia phreonine there are not the same as in northern Finland . The nesting habitats are usually dry meadows, whereas in northern Finland the nesting habitats are moist forests, often situated near lakes or small rivers. In southern Finland P . phrenione often occurs in urban areas too.

The workers of Vespula vulgaris robbing sugar from a honeybee nest in November (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)

Mikkola, Kauri, Pauli Nurminen, Antti pekkarinen & Kari Pohjakallio 1995: Yleisen ampiaisen (Vespula vulgaris) työläiset talven kynnykselle kepulikonstein [The workers of Vespula vulgaris robbing sugar from a honeybee nest in November (Hymenoptera, Vespidae]. - Sahlbergia 2: 125.

The workers from a Vespula vulgaris nest in the South of Finland were observed to forage in a honeybee nest, ca. 40 m apart, until 13 November, 1994 when the nest was collected. There had earlier been severe frost periods and even some snow on the ground. In the low temperatures, around + 3..5°C, the wasps were able to robb sugar used as winterfood for the bees. In the wasp nest there were around 10 000 cells and 287 workers. The observation shows that the main reason for autumnal degeneration of the wasp colonies is food shortage. Perennial nest of V . vulgaris have been observed in New Zeeland and late nests recently in England .

Camarotoscena speciosa (Flor, 1861) (Homoptera, Psylloidea), a new species to Finland

Nokkala, Seppo 1995: Camarotoscena speciosa (Flor, 1861) (Homoptera, Psylloidea), a new species to Finland . - Sahlbergia 2: 126.

Camarotoscena speciosa (Flor) is recorded for the first time from Finland in the town Turku . The species was found to form abundant populations in poplar ( Populus x generosa ). The closest known occurrence is in Estonia .

Caenis robusta Eaton (Ephemeroptera, Caenidae) in the Siikalahti wetland nature reserve, SE Finland

Hämäläinen, Heikki 1995: Caenis robusta Eaton (Ephemeroptera, Caenidae) in the Siikalahti wetland nature reserve, SE Finland . - Sahlbergia 2: 127-128.

Caenis robusta, a rare mayfly species, is reported from the Siikalahti wetland nature reserve in the biological province of Karelia ladogensis, SE Finland . This is the third record of the species from Finland , the first from an inland lake and by far the northernmost within the species' range.


Vuosikerta 3 (1996)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

New and rare species of Lepidoptera from Latvia. Report No. 14

Šulcs, Ivars 1996: New and rare species of Lepidoptera from Latvia. Report No. 14. - Sahlbergia 3: 1-8.

Faunistic and ecological notes are given on 70 Latvian species of Lepidoptera, 31 of which are new to the fauna. Of these, 17 are also new for Baltic region: Stigmella benanderella (Wolff), Parornix traugotti Svensson, Phyllonorycter trifoliella Grsm., Zelleria hepariella Stainton, Stephensia brunnichiella (L.), Elachista atricomella Stainton, Elachista gregori Traugott-Olsen, Elachista unilasciella (Haworth), Biselachista trapeziella (Stainton), Teleiodes saltuum (Zeller), Gnorimoschema valesiella (Staudinger), Scrobipalpa clintoni Pvolny, Dichelia histronana (Frölich), Phalonidia luridana (Gregson), Lobesia absisana (Doubleday), Bactra sp. (undescribed), Noctua janthina (Den. Et Schiff.). On 1 January, 1995 2367 species of Lepidoptera are know from Latvia .

Results of the mapping in 1995 of the distribution of 21 insect species in Finland

Hyönteiskartoitus/Insektkartering 81 1996: Vuoden 1995 tulokset 21 suomalaisen hyönteislajin levinneisyyskartoituksesta / Resultat av kartering av 21 insektarters utbredning I Finland år 1995 [Results of the mapping in 1995 of the distribution of 21 insect species in Finland]. - Sahlbergia 3: 9-20.

The results of the project ”Hyönteiskartoitus/Insektkartering 81” for the year 1995 are presented. Observations were made on the occurrence and absence of 21 (+ 4 extra) species of insects in Finland and marked on 10 x 10 km square grid maps. 223 persons (mainly amateurs) participated and returned 6140 observations from 1098 of the total of 3852 squares. Maps of the distribution of all target species are presented. The number of observations per person 27, was far the highest since the start of the project. The observations for nearly all the butterflies exceeded the mean values for the species, thus reflecting very good weather conditions during most of the season. Yponomeuta evonymellus continued to decline after its peak in 1993. There were no observations of Pachyta lamed in 1995.

Psocoptera fauna of oak forests in SW Finland

Kanervo, Jussi & Rinne, Veikko 1996: Luonais-Suomen tammilehtojen jäytiäisistä (Psocoptera) [Psocoptera fauna of oak forests in SW Finland]. - Sahlbergia 3: 21-23.

Psocopteran fauna of seven oak forests in SW Finland was studied in summer 1994. In all 2366 specimens of 27 species were caught with 33 branch traps (new) and 34 window traps attached to old oak trees, within 4 ½ months period. Several poorly known species were recorded, three species of them, Loensia varigeata , Peripsocus parvulus and Trichadentotecnum incognitum , are new to the province V. Pseudopsocus fusciceps hides under the lichens and it is regarded as a very difficult species to be found, but with the traps up to 231 specimens were caught.

The family Ibaliidae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea) in Finland with Ibalia jakowlewi Jacobson new to Fennoscandia

Martikainen, Petri & Viitasaari, Matti 1996: The family Ibaliidae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea) in Finland with Ibalia jakowlewi Jacobson new to Fennoscandia. - Sahlbergia 3: 24-27.

The Finnish records of all species of the family Ibaliidae are listed. Ibalia jakowlewi Jacobson is reported as new to Fennoscandia. The current find is described with a note on the host Tremex fuscicornis (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera, Siricidae).

Baetis tracheatus Keffermüller & Machel (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae), the first record in Finland; found in an eutrophic Stratiotes -river in Kittilä

Savolainen, Eino & Saura, Anssi 1996: Baetis tracheatus Keffermüller & Machel (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae), the first record in Finland; found in an eutrophic Stratiotes-river in Kittilä. - Sahlbergia 3: 28-29.

Baetis tracheatus is recorded for the first time in Finland in an eutrophic Stratiotes -river in Kittilä in the biological province of Kemi Lapland . The closest know occurrence is in Lithuania .

Abnormal male genitalia in Bryotropha galbanella (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae)

Itämies, Juhani 1996: Abnormal male genitalia in Bryotropha galbanella (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae). - Sahlbergia 3: 30.

Genitalia of Bryotropha glabanella (Zeller) from Finland with an abnormal gnathos is described and compared with those typical of the species.

Xestia sincera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) larva eating buds of spruce in spring?

Itämies, Juhani, Marko Mutanen & Erkki Pulliainen 1996: Xestia sincera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) larva eating buds of spruce in spring? - Sahlbergia 3: 31.

One larva of Xestia sincera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) was observed eating the bud of a spruce in spring. It is not possible to tell weather this is the rule or not based on this one finding, but it might well be so.

Additions and corrections to Enumeratio Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae

Silfverberg, Hans 1996: Additions and corrections to Enumeratio Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae. - Sahlbergia 3: 33-62.

The latest checklist of North European Coleoptera was published in 1992, and is now updated with information on new distributional records from the different countries, ad with taxonomic and nomenclatural changes. All these corrections are based on published papers.

Results of the mapping in 1996 of the distribution of 21 insect species in Finland

Hyönteiskartoitus/Insektkartering 81 1996: Vuoden 1996 tulokset 21 suomalaisen hyönteislajin levinneisyyskartoituksesta / Resultat av kartering av 21 insektarters utbredning I Finland år 1996 [Results of the mapping in 1996 of the distribution of 21 insect species in Finland]. - Sahlbergia 3: 63-75.

The results of the project ”Hyönteiskartoitus/Insektkartering 81” for the year 1996 are presented. Observations were made on the occurrence and absence of 21 (+ 3 extra) species of insects in Finland and marked on 10 x 10 km square grid maps. 171 persons (largely amateurs) participated and returned 3113 observations from 763 of the total of 3852 squares. Maps of the distribution of all target species are presented. The number of observations per person, 17.5, was very low because of quite unsettled weather-conditions during the summer. For many species the flying period was delayed by 1-2 weeks in July due to rainy and cloudy weather. Yponomeuta evonymellus still declined since its peak in 1993.

Updated list of provincial distribution of stoneflies in Finland (Plecoptera)

Kuusela, Kalevi 1996: Updated list of provincial distribution of stoneflies in Finland (Plecoptera). - Sahlbergia 3: 76-80.

The list of Plecoptera species in the biological provinces of Finland was updated based on the new information available in Finnish reports and scientific articles, and on the unpublished materials in the insect collections of some museums (identified or checked by the author). New provincial recordings increased by 25 % compared to the previous list ( Lillehammer 1988). Out of 36 species recorded in Finland, 23-34 spp. have been found in eastern and northern provinces, mainly in areas above the altitude of 200 m a.s.l., and 1-20 spp. in costal and lake district provinces in west and south. Distribution and state of occurrence of some species and provincial species numbers, as also their changes are discussed.


Vuosikerta 4 (1999)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

A checklist of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 2. Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Tryphoninae, Eucerotinae, Adelognathinae, Xoridinae and Agriotypinae.

Koponen, Martti, Reijo Jussila & Veli Vikberg 1999: Suomen loispistiäisluettelo (Hymenoptera, Parasitica). Osa 2. heimo Ichneumonidae, alaheimot Tryphoninae, Eucerotinae, Adelognathinae, Xoridinae ja Agriotypinae. [A checklist of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 2. Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Tryphoninae, Eucerotinae, Adelognathinae, Xoridinae and Agriotypinae.] - Sahlbergia 4: 1-18.

A checklist of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 3. Ichneumonidae, subfamily Cryptinae.

Koponen, Martti, Reijo Jussila & Veli Vikberg 1999: Suomen loispistiäisluettelo (Hymenoptera, Parasitica). Osa 3. heimo Ichneumonidae, alaheimo Cryptinae. [A checklist of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 3. Ichneumonidae, subfamily Cryptinae.] - Sahlbergia 4: 19-52.

491 species of Cryptinae (Ichneumonidae) are listed from present-day Finland . 40 species are reported as new to the area.

First record of Ephemera lineata Eaton, 1870 (Ephemeroptera, Ephemeridae) from Finland .

Nurmi, Paula & Savolainen, Eino 1999: First record of Ephemera lineate Eaton, 1870 (Ephemeroptera, Ephemeridae) from Finland . - Sahlbergia 4: 53-55.

Ephemera lineata is reported for the first time from Finland . Thirteen nymphs were found on the claybottom of the Kymijoki river in Kuusankoski in the biological province of South Häme.

Atheta (Alaobia) pandionis Scheerpeltz (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) found in Finland

Rutanen, Ilpo & Leinonen, Reima 1999: Atheta (Alaobia) pandionis Scheerpeltz (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) found in Finland . - Sahlbergia 4: 56-57.

The first records of Atheta pandionis are reported. The species was caught with bait traps in old coniferous forests in Kainuu, northeastern Finland.


Vuosikerta 5 (2000)

  • Weidow, B.: Skalbaggar från ryska Karelen [Notes on Coleoptera in Russian Karelia]
  • Miländer, G.: Anogcodes ferruginea (Coleoptera, Oedemeridae) new to Estonia
  • Viramo, J.: Havaintoja ohdakekärsäkkään (Larinus sturnus) levinneisyydestä ja elintavoista Suomessa [Notes on the distribution and biology of Larinus sturnus (Schaller) in Finland (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)]
  • Biström, O., Kaila, L. & Kullberg, J.: Herttoniemen kartanopuiston puukovakuoriaisista (Coleoptera). [Survey of the tree-living Coleoptera in Herttoniemi manor-park, southern Finland]
  • Pekkarinen, A., Albrecht, A., Teräs, I. & Viitasaari, M.: Alpimehiläiset ja alpiloismehiläinen Suomessa [Macropis europaea Warncke, M. fulvipes (Fabricius) and their nest parasite Epeoloides coecutiens (Fabricius) in Finland] (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Melittidae and Anthophoridae)
  • Martikainen, P. & Niemelä, P.: Muistiinpanoja hyönteiskeräysretkeltä Sortavalan seudun metsiin keväällä 1998. [Records of saproxylic insects (Coleoptera, Heteroptera and Homoptera) during one-day excursion to Sortavala area (Russian Karelia) in spring 1998]
  • Partanen, A. & Hämäläinen, H.: Vuosurviainen, Raptobaetopus tenellus (Albarda) Lieksanjoen Ruunaankoskilta toista kertaa Suomesta. (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). [The mayfly Raptobaetopus tenellus (Albarda) from the Ruunaankoski rapids of River Lieksanjoki: a second record from Finland]
  • Lammes, T.: Suomen verkkosiipisten (Neuroptera) ja kärsäkorentojen (Mecoptera) eliömaakunnittainen levinneisyys. [Maps of the provincial distribution of Neuroptera and Mecoptera in Finland]
  • Westman, K, Kaila L., & Kullberg, J.: Bembidion azurescens, Suomelle uusi maakiitäjäislaji (Coleoptera, Carabidae). [Bembidion azurescens new to Finland.]
  • Biström, O. & Savolainen, E.: Tropiphorus elevatus -kärsäkäs löydetty Kuopiosta. [The weevil Tropiphorus elevatus found in Kuopio (Coleoptera, Curculionidae)]
  • Bartsch, H. 2000: Blomflugor under 20. finländska entomologidagarna i Jomala på Åland (Diptera, Syrphidae). [Notes on hoverfiles during the 20. Finnish Entomological Days at Jomala on Åland]
  • Pekkarinen, A. & Valtonen, P.: Kierresiipisen koiras löydetty maamehiläiseltä Suomessa (Strepsiptera: Stylopidae). [The male of Stylops recorded on Andrena lapponica Zetterstedt (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in Finland]
  • Johansson, K. & Pekkarinen, A.: Saksanampiainen (Vespula germanica) löytynyt talvella Turusta (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). [Vespula germanica found in the winter in southwestern Finland ]
  • Koponen, M., Jussila, R. & Vikberg, V.: Suomen loispistiäisluettelo (Hymenoptera, Parasitica). Osa 4. heimo Ichneumonidae, alaheimot Lycorininae, Neorhacodinae, Stilbopinae, Banchinae ja Ctenopelmatinae. [A check list of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 4. Family Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Lycorininae, Neorhacodinae, Stilbopinae, Banchinae ja Ctenopelmatinae.] CC BY-NC-ND

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Notes on Coleoptera in Russian Karelia

Weidow, B. 2000: Skalbaggar från ryska Karelen [Notes on Coleoptera in Russian Karelia]. - Sahlbergia 5:1-7.

Anogcodes ferruginea (Coleoptera, Oedemeridae) new to Estonia.

Miländer, G. 2000: Anogcodes ferruginea (Coleoptera, Oedemeridae) new to Estonia. - Sahlbergia 5:8.

Notes on the distribution and biology of Larinus sturnus (Schaller) in Finland (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Viramo, J. 2000: Havaintoja ohdakekärsäkkään (Larinus sturnus) levinneisyydestä ja elintavoista Suomessa [Notes on the distribution and biology of Larinus sturnus (Schaller) in Finland (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)]. - Sahlbergia 5:9-13.

Only one species of Larinus has been recorded in Finland and an earlier record on L. planus (F.) is based on misidentification. L. sturnus (Schaller) was observed living only in inflorescens of the Melancholy Thistle (Cirsium helenioides, syn. C. heterophyllum). The distribution of the weevil appeared to be much wider than previously suspected. The occurrence of the species should be made by checking the breeding sites rather than by searching for adult beetles. The present observations suggest considerable annual variation in abundance of the weevil.

Survey of the tree-living Coleoptera in Herttoniemi manor-park, southern Finland

Biström, O., Kaila, L. & Kullberg, J. 2000: Herttoniemen kartanopuiston puukovakuoriaisista (Coleoptera). [Survey of the tree-living Coleoptera in Herttoniemi manor-park, southern Finland]. - Sahlbergia 5:14-20.

The Coleoptera fauna living in old deciduous trees (elm, linden, maple, oak, birch) in the old manor-park of Herttoniemi situated in Helsinki, southern Finland, was surveyed in May-September 1996. Trunk-window-traps, pitfalls and trunk-pitfalls were used as collecting techniques. In all, 981 specimens belonging to 117 species were collected. Four nationally threatened species were recorded, viz. Quedius microps (Gravenhorst) (Staphylinidae), Eucnemis capucina Ahrens (Eucnemidae), Ampedus nigroflavus (Goeze) (Elateridae) and Tomoxia bucephala Costa (Mordellidae).

Macropis europaea Warncke, M. fulvipes (Fabricius) and their nest parasite Epeoloides coecutiens (Fabricius) in Finland

Pekkarinen, A., Albrecht, A., Teräs, I. & Viitasaari, M. 2000: Alpimehiläiset ja alpiloismehiläinen Suomessa [Macropis europaea Warncke, M. fulvipes (Fabricius) and their nest parasite Epeoloides coecutiens (Fabricius) in Finland] (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Melittidae and Anthophoridae). - Sahlbergia 5:21-28.

Diagnostic characters and nesting biology of M. europaea and M. fulvipes are reviewed. Lysimachia vulgaris is the only natural pollen and fatty oil plant of these bees in Finland (they do not visit L. thyrsiflora), while almost 30 plant genera are recorded as nectar sources. Northernmost records of the two Macropis species approximately coincide with the limit of 60 % distribution frequency (weighted proportion of 1 x 1 km squares with records of all squares investigated) of L. vulgaris in Finland. The flight period of M. fulvipes is slightly earlier than that of M. europaea, but large phenological and spatial overlap indicate competition for pollen and oil resources. The records indicate no decline of M. fulvipes since 1970, but M. europaea has possibly declined in the northernmost part of its range already many decades ago. All records of E. coecutiens in Finland are since 1970.

Records of saproxylic insects (Coleoptera, Heteroptera and Homoptera) during one-day excursion to Sortavala area (Russian Karelia) in spring 1998

Martikainen, P. & Niemelä, P. 2000: Muistiinpanoja hyönteiskeräysretkeltä Sortavalan seudun metsiin keväällä 1998. [Records of saproxylic insects (Coleoptera, Heteroptera and Homoptera) during one-day excursion to Sortavala area (Russian Karelia) in spring 1998] - Sahlbergia 5:29-32.

The purpose of excursion was to demonstrate to forestry students the importance of coarse woody debris and forest structure on insect biodiversity. In spite of the early season (partial snow cover) altogether 60 forest insect species were recorded. Several species found are classified as threatened in Finland. At deciduous forest site, e.g. Drapetes mordelloides (Host), Mycetophagus quadripustulatus (Linnaeus) and Aradus pictus Bärensprung were recorded. Corticeus suturalis (Paykull) was found at mixed forest site. Acanthocinus griseus (Fabricius), Platyrhinus resinosus (Scopoli), Ampedus suecicus Palm, Aradus pictus, A. betulinus Fallén and Cixidia sp. were recorded at site which was burnt and clear cut. The results indicate that especially those species, which depend on coarse woody debris are still relatively common in Russian Karelia where forest management has not been as effective as in Finnish forests.

The mayfly Raptobaetopus tenellus (Albarda) from the Ruunaankoski rapids of River Lieksanjoki: a second record from Finland

Partanen, A. & Hämäläinen, H. 2000: Vuosurviainen, Raptobaetopus tenellus (Albarda) Lieksanjoen Ruunaankoskilta toista kertaa Suomesta. (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). [The mayfly Raptobaetopus tenellus (Albarda) from the Ruunaankoski rapids of River Lieksanjoki: a second record from Finland] - Sahlbergia 5:33-34.

The mayfly Raptobaetopus tenellus is reported for the second time in Finland and Fennoscandia. The first and only hitherto known record, dated back to 1904, is from the shore of the river Kokemäenjoki in western Finland. In July 1999, a nymph of the species was collected from the river Lieksanjoki in the biological province of Karelia borealis, eastern Finland.

Maps of the provincial distribution of Neuroptera and Mecoptera in Finland

Lammes, T. 2000: Suomen verkkosiipisten (Neuroptera) ja kärsäkorentojen (Mecoptera) eliömaakunnittainen levinneisyys. [Maps of the provincial distribution of Neuroptera and Mecoptera in Finland] - Sahlbergia 5:35-38.

The distribution of Finnish Neuroptera (63 species) and Mecoptera (6 species) in biogeographical provinces is mapped. The faunistic literature including meeting reports dealing with Finnish material of those orders is listed.

Bembidion azurescens new to Finland

Westman, K, Kaila L., & Kullberg, J. 2000: Bembidion azurescens, Suomelle uusi maakiitäjäislaji (Coleoptera, Carabidae). [Bembidion azurescens new to Finland.] - Sahlbergia 5:39.

The ground beetle species Bembidion azurescens (Dalla Torre, 1877) is reported as new to Finland on the basis of some 30 individuals collected during 1984 - 1986 from a gravel pit in N: Helsinki. The site is now built and thus destroyed, but the species might still be found in suitable habitats along the south coast or East Finland.

The weevil Tropiphorus elevatus found in Kuopio (Coleoptera, Curculionidae)

Biström, O. & Savolainen, E. 2000: Tropiphorus elevatus -kärsäkäs löydetty Kuopiosta. [The weevil Tropiphorus elevatus found in Kuopio (Coleoptera, Curculionidae)]. - Sahlbergia 5:40.

A single specimen of the weevil Tropiphorus elevatus (Herbst) was recorded in Kuopio (Central Finland), the province of Sb (69746:5301, Grid 27° E). It was captured 11.-17.6.1999 in a window-trap placed on the ground in a grove with spruce as the dominating tree. This is by far the northernmost record of the species in Finland.

Notes on hoverfiles during the 20. Finnish Entomological Days at Jomala on Åland

Bartsch, H. 2000: Blomflugor under 20. finländska entomologidagarna i Jomala på Åland (Diptera, Syrphidae). [Notes on hoverfiles during the 20. Finnish Entomological Days at Jomala on Åland]. - Sahlbergia 5:41-45.

71 species of hoverflies (Diptera, Syrpidae) were netted during some sunny hours during four days in June 1999. Probably 200 species can easily be retrieved on the Åland islands, and extensive collecting may give up to 250 species. For some of these species, the Åland islands are essential for the communication between Finland and Sweden.

The male of Stylops recorded on Andrena lapponica Zetterstedt (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in Finland

Pekkarinen, A. & Valtonen, P. 2000: Kierresiipisen koiras löydetty maamehiläiseltä Suomessa (Strepsiptera: Stylopidae). [The male of Stylops recorded on Andrena lapponica Zetterstedt (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in Finland]. - Sahlbergia 5:47-48.

Vespula germanica found in the winter in southwestern Finland

Johansson, K. & Pekkarinen, A. 2000: Saksanampiainen (Vespula germanica) löytynyt talvella Turusta (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). [Vespula germanica found in the winter in southwestern Finland ]. - Sahlbergia 5:49.

A newly dead queen specimen of Vespula germanica (Fabr.) was found 25.3.1996 outdoors on the snow near the wall of a house of flats in Turku. An exceptionally early emergence in the spring is typical for the species and possibly delimitates its distribution in the boreal area.

A check list of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 4. Family Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Lycorininae, Neorhacodinae, Stilbopinae, Banchinae ja Ctenopelmatinae

Koponen, M., Jussila, R. & Vikberg, V. 2000. Suomen loispistiäisluettelo (Hymenoptera, Parasitica). Osa 4. heimo Ichneumonidae, alaheimot Lycorininae, Neorhacodinae, Stilbopinae, Banchinae ja Ctenopelmatinae. [A check list of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 4. Family Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Lycorininae, Neorhacodinae, Stilbopinae, Banchinae ja Ctenopelmatinae.] - Sahlbergia 5:51-82.


Vuosikerta 6 (2001)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Observations of the aquatic invertebrate fauna in feeder drains in fields in Hausjärvi, southern Finland

Hirvenoja, M. 2001: Observations of the aquatic invertebrate fauna in feeder drains in fields in Hausjärvi, southern Finland. — Sahlbergia 6: 1-8. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Aquatic invertebrates from a few feeder drains of the fields with a permanent water stand or water flow were netted and if necessary (the chironomids) reared to the adult stage. The water chemistry showed high amounts of plant nutrients and soil improvers (e.g. Ca). 18 invertebrates including the xenosaprobic spring species and species with at most a lower beta-mesosaprobic indication value were found.

Key words: Agriculture, epirhithral, feeder drains, chemical loading, aquatic invertebrates, saprobity, biodiversity.

Distribution of ladybirds in Finland (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Biström, O., Albrecht, A., Huldén, L. & Salminen, J. 2001: Leppäpirkkojen levinneisyys Suomessa [Distribution of ladybirds in Finland (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)]. — Sahlbergia 6: 9-28. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The distribution of the ladybird fauna in Finland is mapped. The records are plotted on maps map (grid 10 x 10 km) as follows: Old records, before the year 1975 with a + symbol and more recent records with a circle. Tytthaspis sedecimpunctata (Linnaus) is removed from the Finnish fauna. Platynaspis luteorubra (Goeze), Calvia quindecimguttata (Fabricius), Coccinella magnifica Redtenbacher and Oenopia conglobata Linnaeus seem to be declining species, while Coccidula scutellata (Herbst) and Hippodamia notata (Laicharting) are expanding in Finland.

Authors´ address: Zoological museum, P.O.Box 17, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

Observations on Coleoptera during a seminar dealing with beetles in Kuhmo in 1996

Martikainen, P. 2001: Kovakuoriaisseminaari Kuhmon Viiksimossa 16.-18.8.1996. [Observations on Coleoptera during a seminar dealing with beetles in Kuhmo in 1996] — Sahlbergia 6: 29-33. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The beetle working group of World Wide Fund for Nature Finland has organised seminars for Finnish coleopterologists every summer since 1986. Collecting trips to interesting habitats have always formed an essential part of these meetings. One of the most successful seminars so far was held in Kn: Kuhmo, eastern Finland, near the Russian border in 16-18 August 1996. Altogether 14 coleopterologists participated in this one-weekend meeting. As many as six threatened, five near threatened and some 250 other species of beetle were collected mainly from the Elimyssalo Nature Reserve and adjacent forest areas during the weekend. Threatened species found included Pytho kolwensis Sahlberg, P. abieticola J.Sahlberg, Boros schneideri (Panzer), Corticeus fraxini (Kugelann), Acmaeops septentrionis (Thomson) and Platyrhinus resinosus (Scopoli). This example shows that even a short collecting trip made by several specialists can be an effective method in surveying rare and threatened species in a certain forest area.

Petri Martikainen, Joensuun yliopisto, Metsätieteellinen tiedekunta, PL 111, 80101 Joensuu, Finland

Some observations concerning incorrectly determined beetles in public collections. (Coleoptera)

Muona, J. 2001: Huomioita eläinmuseon kuoriaskokoelmien virhemäärityksistä [Some observations concerning incorrectly determined beetles in public collections. (Coleoptera)]. — Sahlbergia 6:34-36. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Entomological collections tend to contain incorrectly identified material. Both scientific problems and inadequate curating contribute to this. A small sample of the Coleoptera section of the collections of the Finnish Museum of Natural History was studied in order to get an idea of the extent of the curating problem. The results suggest that the overall percentage of incorrectly identified specimens is less than four. The highest percentages were not found in the known difficult cases (Hylocoetus, Arhopalus) but among the “easily” identifiable buprestids (Poecilonota, Dicerca). Tendencies observed were quite human – the commonest species, Poecilonota, was usually correctly identified, but many specimens of the rare Dicerca species turned out to be Poecilonota as well!

Clearly all collectors should check the identification of rare species, even if large and distinct, by comparing them with related forms. Also, when curating new acquisitions, museum personel should check the identifications of large and distinct beetles as carefully as they would one of an aleocharine.

Jyrki Muona, Luonnontieteellinen keskusmuseo, PL 17, FIN-00014 Helsingin yliopisto

Short announcements — Lyhyitä tiedonantoja — Korta meddelanden

Seuraavat tiedonnannot on esitetty Suomen Hyönteistieteellisen Seuran (SHS) ja Helsingin Hyönteistieteellisen Yhdistyksen (EFH) kokousissa.

Följande meddelanden har presenterats på Suomen Hyönteistieteellinen Seuras (SHS) och Entomologiska Föreningens i Helsingfors (EFH) möten. Sahlbergia 2001: 37-41.

Book review — Kirja-esittely

Melittologian merkkiteos

Michener, Charles, D. 2000: The Bees of the World. The John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore ja Lontoo. 913 s. ISBN 0-8018-6133-0. Hinta 1260 DKR (Apollo Books). Sahlbergia 2001: 42-44.

Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera

Kullberg, Jaakko, Anders Albrecht, Lauri Kaila & Vesa Varis 2002: Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera – Suomen perhosten luettelo — Sahlbergia 6: 45-190. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The Lepidoptera species recorded from Finland until the end of 2001 are listed, the present total number being 2473. Changes with respect to the previous Finnish checklist are briefly annotated and the distributions for all the species in each of the 21 biogeographical provinces are presented. Accidentally imported species are not included. After the publication of our previous checklist, 98 species have been recorded as new to Finland. Of these 49 are considered as irruptive, 23 species as expansive and 26 as native Finnish species. Tinea pallescentella, earlier considered as imported is now considered as an indoor pest and added to the list. Altogether 5 pest species occurring indoors only are resident in Finland. 10 species are represented in Finland as two separate subspecies. Finally, 7 species are omitted or their identity changed due to previous misidentifications and revisions: Apterona crenulella, Elachista regificella, Clepsis rogana, C. consimilana, Anania verbascalis, Selidosema plumarium, Diarsia florida, and 8 species reported as Finnish in the European Distributional Checklist (Karsholt & Razowski 1996) are considered erroneous: Xanthia ocellaris and Caloptilia azaleella. A few taxonomically unsettled pairs of taxa are listed as distinct species in order to pay attention to the problems. The monotypic genus Pygmaena Boisduval, 1840 is synonymized with Macaria Curtis, 1826 syn. nov., Beckeugenia Beck, 1999 with Agnorisma Lafontaine, 1998 syn. nov. and Noctua punicea Hübner, 1803 is transferred to the genus Agnorisma comb. nov.

Authors’ address: Finnish Museum of Natural History, P. O. Box 17, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland.


Vuosikerta 7 (2002)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Saarinen, K., Jantunen, J. & Pekkarinen, A. 2002: Herhiläinen levinnyt Kaakkois-Suomeen vuosina 2000-2001. [Expansion of the hornet (Vespa crabro L.) to SE Finland]. (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). — Sahlbergia 7: 1-5. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Between 2000 and 2001, the hornet has rapidly expanded to SE Finland. Two inqueries in regional newspapers, combined with other observations resulted in some 190 individuals and 17 nests in 12 communities in the area. The invasion was expected due to the warm summers in the 1990s in SE Finland and is connected with the species’ recent expansion in the adjacent areas on the Karelian Isthmus. The hornet is considered an endangered species in Finland.

Söderman, G. 2002: Paralimnus rotundiceps (Homoptera, Cicadellidae) löydetty uudelleen Suomesta. [Paralimnus rotundiceps rediscovered from Finland.] — Sahlbergia 7: 6. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273

The leafhopper species Paralimnus rotundiceps (Lethierry, 1885) is reported from a sandy shore in Ok: Manamansalo where three males were collected in the summer 2001 with yellow-traps. The record is the northernmost known from Europe. All previous records from this region are more than 50 years old.

Hirvenoja, M. 2002: The fauna in two cold springs and in an epirhithral pool in southern Finland. — Sahlbergia 7: 7-25. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Observations were made on the macrofauna of two cold springs (eustatic akratopegs): a mes-oligotrophic limnocrene and a rheocrene; a little eutrophied epirhithral pool was also studied, all north-northeast of the town Riihimäki, in southern Finland. The number of species found in each varied between 7 and 33 and the approximate number of macrofauna between 2500 and 4500 indiv./m2. A state of near xenosaprobity has been estimated to prevail in the rheocrene and a state of oligosaprobity in the epirhithral pool. Probably because of the conditions in winter, the fauna in the limnocrene studied contains numerous species that are known to have a beta-mesosprobic indication value. A small amelioration in the composition of the fauna was observed after a dig of the limnocrene. The felling of timber around the limnocrene seemed not cause negative changes in its fauna. The article illustrates the emergence (phenology) of the Chironomidae in the limnocrene and describes the larva of Micropsectra (Lundstroemia) fusca (Meigen) (Diptera, Chironomidae). Dixella naevia (Peus) (Diptera, Dixidae) and Chironomus luridus Strenzke (Diptera, Chironomidae) are confirmed to be new to the fauna of Finland.

Haarto, A. 2002: Two trips to collect hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae) in the mountains of Kilpisjärvi in Finnish Lapland. — Sahlbergia 7: 26-32. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Two trips for collecting hoverflies to Finnish Lapland (province Le) were made, one to the Urttas area in 1998, and the other one to the Pumbovarri area in 2001. Four hoverflies were recorded as new to the Finnish fauna: Platycheirus nigrofemoratus Kanervo and Parasyrphus groenlandicus (Nielsen), were found in the Urttas area. Platycheirus ramsarensis Goeldlin, Maibach & Speight and Platycheirus subordinatus Becker were found in the Pumbovarri area. Altogether 29 species were collected from the two main research areas and 6 more species near the mountain Saana.

Biström, O. & Rassi, P. 2002: Ampiaisloisikan (Metoecus paradoxus) esiintyminen Suomessa (Coleoptera, Rhipiphoridae). — Sahlbergia 7: 33-34. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The occurrence of Metoecus paradoxus (Linnaeus) (Rhipiphoridae, wedge-shaped beetles) in Finland is reviewed. Some recent records and long periods of absence indicate fluctuations in the Finnish population of the species. A new province record of the species (Ta: Tuulos 678:38) expands the known range of the species northwards with some 60 kilometers.

Faunistic notes

Faunistic notes presented at meetings of the the Entomological Club of the Zoological and Botanical Society of Turku (ETC) and the Lepidopterological Society of Finland (LSF). Sahlbergia 2002: 35-37.

Obituary

Obituary: Tapio Lammes (1934 – 2001) Sahlbergia 2002: 38-40.

Söderman, G. & Vikberg, V. 2002: Suomen myrkkypistiäisten luettelo ja levinneisyys [Checklist and distribution of Finnish Aculeata] (Hymenoptera, Apocrita, Aculeata)] — Sahlbergia 7:41-66. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The species of Hymenoptera Aculeata from Finland until 31.12.2002 and their known distribution are listed. After the publication of the previous checklist, the number of recorded species has increased by 22, the present total number being 624, not including indoor and imported species. All changes with respect to the previous checklist are briefly annotated.

Silfverberg, H. 2002: Further additions and corrections to Enumeratio Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae. — Sahlbergia 7:67-95. Helsinki, Finland. ISSN 1237-3273.

The latest checklist of North European Coleoptera was published in 1992, additions and corrections to it in 1997, and they are now updated with information on new distributional records for the different countries, and with taxonomic and nomenclatural changes. All these additions and corrections are based on published papers.

Sörensson, M. & Rutanen, I. 2002: Two species of Acrotrichis Motschulsky new to the Finnish fauna (Coleoptera, Ptiliidae). — Sahlbergia 7: 96-99. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Two species of Feather-wing beetles, Acrotrichis lucidula Rosskothen and A. sjobergi Sundt are reported from Finland for the first time. Descriptions of the collecting sites are given and some diagnostic characters are described and illustrated.

Clayhills, T. 2002: Sarvijäärien Stenostola ferrea (Schrank) ja S. dubia (Laicharting) esiintyminen Suomessa [The occurrence of the long-horned beetles Stenostola ferrea (Schrank) and S. dubia (Laicharting) in Finland] (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). — Sahlbergia 7: 100. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

All specimens of Stenostola Dejean from Finland have been considered to belong to S. ferrea (Schrank). However, it seems obvious that this is due to former misidentifications and the species occurring in Finland is S. dubia (Laicharting). The differences between the two taxa are discussed, though their status as separate species seems somewhat dubious.

Clayhills, Tom 2001: Mielenkiintoisia kovakuoriaishavaintoja Etelä-Suomesta kesällä 1998. [Interesting finds of beetles from Finland 1998] (Coleoptera) — Sahlbergia 7: 101. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Some records of rare beetles from Ta: Pälkäne and Åland islands (Al) are presented. Bagous petro was found from second place in Finland and Ceutorhynchus hirtulus has been regarded as a species disappeared from Finland.

Koponen, Martti & Söderman, Guy. 2002: Sigalphus irrorator (Fabricius) löydetty Suomesta [Sigalphus irrorator (Fabricius) found in Finland] (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Sigalphinae). — Sahlbergia 7:102. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The first Finnish record of Sigalphus irrorator (Fabricius, 1775) is reported. One male specimen was caught in a yellow trap in Sipoo, southern Finland.

Martti Koponen, Department of Applied Biology, P.O. Box 27, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

Guy Söderman, Finnish Environment Institute, P.O.Box 140, FIN-00251 Helsinki, Finland

A new record of the siricid wasp Urocerus fantoma (Hymenoptera, Siricidae)

Mannerkoski, I. 2002: Hiisipuupistiäinen Urocerus fantoma (Fabricius) löytynyt uudelleen (Hymenoptera, Siricidae) [A new record of the siricid wasp Urocerus fantoma (Hymenoptera, Siricidae)].— Sahlbergia 7: 103-104. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Urocerus fantoma (Fabricius) had not been recorded from Finland after the year 1955, and it was evaluated as regionally extinct in Finland. One female was, however, found in August 2001 in Järvenpää, southern Finland. The specimen was found as freshly dead on the pavement in the middle of the town. There are old conifers growing near the place, and most propably the specimen had developed somewhere in the vicinity.

Ilpo Mannerkoski, Suomen ympäristökeskus, Luontoyksikkö, PL 140, 00251 Helsinki.


Vuosikerta 8 (2003)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Butterfly communities on field margins: Effects of changes in farming methods and adjacent forest cuttings (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea)

Saarinen, K. & Jantunen, J. 2003: Butterfly communities on field margins: Effects of changes in farming methods and adjacent forest cuttings (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea). — Sahlbergia 8: 1-10. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Between 1991 and 2000, butterflies were monitored once a week from early May to late September on a 2.7 km transect on agricultural land at Joutseno, SE Finland. During 213 counts a total of 56 species and 11 105 individuals were recorded. The effects of the shift from conventional farming to organic farming and adjacent pine forest cuttings on butterfly communities were compared in four field margin habitats. Between the two five-year periods, both beneficial and adverse impact on butterflies was recorded.

Kimmo Saarinen & Juha Jantunen, South Karelia Allergy and Environment Institute, Lääkäritie 15, FIN-55330 Tiuruniemi, Finland

The Sawfly fauna of Nilsiä and Juankoski (Eastern Finland) (Hymenoptera, Symphyta)

Nuorteva, J. & Nuorteva, M. 2003: The Sawfly fauna of Nilsiä and Juankoski (Eastern Finland) (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). — Sahlbergia 8:11-19. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The sawfly fauna of two communes in eastern Finland was investigated . A total of 7251 specimens, representing 316 species were found. Pseudoclavellaria amerinae (Linnaeus), which had been considered extinct in Finland, was found in three places. The material included rare species such as Sterictiphora sorbi Kontuniemi and Arge pagana (Panzer). Cephus nigrinus Thomson, C. fumipennis Eversmann and Janus luteipes (Lepletier) were found north of their prevoiusly known distribution area.

Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius 1793), an indoor- living ant – new records from Finland (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dolichoderinae)

Sorvari, J. 2003: Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius 1793), asunnoissa pesivä muurahainen – uusia havaintoja Suomessa [Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius 1793), an indoor- living ant – new records from Finland] (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dolichoderinae) — Sahlbergia 8: 20. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

T. melanocephalum is a widespread cosmopolitan ant, widely distributed in the tropics and frequently imported to Europe. Prevoius records of the species in Finland are from Helsinki. New finds (Om: Kannus and Oba: Oulu), probably the northernmost records of the species, are reported. In northern areas, T. melanocephalum survives only in sideheated buildings.

Jouni Sorvari, Turun yliopisto, Biologian laitos, Ekologian osasto, FIN-20014 Turku

Scambus signatus (Pfeffer), Xorides minutus Clément, X. praecatorius (Fabricius) and Lethades laricis Hinz new to the Finnish and Swedish faunas (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae)

Jussila, R., Sääksjärvi, I. E., Halme, P. & Vihervaara, P. 2003: Scambus signatus (Pfeffer), Xorides minutus Clément, X. praecatorius (Fabricius) and Lethades laricis Hinz new to the Finnish and Swedish faunas (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). — Sahlbergia 8: 21-23. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The parasitic wasp species Scambus signatus (Pfeffer) (Pimplinae) is reported for the first time from Finland and Sweden, and Xorides minutus Clément (Xoridinae) from Sweden. Xorides praecatorius (Fabricius) and Lethades laricis Hinz (Ctenopelmatinae) are reported for the first time from Finland

Reijo Jussila, Ilari E. Sääksjärvi, Pasi Halme & Petteri Vihervaara: Zoological Museum, Section of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, University of Turku, FIN-20014 Turku, Finland

The Cave Spider (Meta menardi) found near Turku, Finland (Araneae, Tetragnathidae)

Koponen, S. 2003: Luolahämähäkki (Meta menardi) löydetty Varsinais-Suomesta (Araneae, Tetragnathidae) [The Cave Spider (Meta menardi) found near Turku, Finland.] – Sahlbergia 8: 24. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Meta menardi is reported from Ab: Parainen (Pargas), Muddais. A large population (at least 30 adult spiders and more than 20 egg cocoons) was found in an old cellar built of stone and brick, in late October 1998. The species was previously known in Finland only from the Åland islands.

Seppo Koponen, Eläinmuseo, 20014 Turun yliopisto; Zoological Museum, University of Turku, FIN-20014 Turku, Finland

On the occurrence of Monotoma quadricollis Aubé and M. bicolor Villa & Villa in Finland (Coleoptera, Monotomidae)

Rutanen, I. 2003: Soukkohärölajien Monotoma quadricollis Aubé ja M. bicolor Villa & Villa esiintymisestä Suomessa (Coleoptera, Monotomidae). [On the occurrence of Monotoma quadricollis Aubé and M. bicolor Villa & Villa in Finland]. — Sahlbergia 8: 25-26. Helsinki, Finland. ISSN 1237-3273.

The beetle species Monotoma quadricollis Aubé, recently separated from its close relative M. bicolor Villa & Villa, is for the first time reported from Finland after examination of the material of M. bicolor of the Zoological Museum, Helsinki and two private collections. Both species showed to have about the same distribution and the same frequency. The rare species M. testacea Motschulsky is reported from the Korkeasaari Zoo, Helsinki. A new record concerning M. testacea is reported from a compost heap in Hyvinkää.

Ilpo Rutanen, Vaiveronkatu 28 A 5, FIN-05900 Hyvinkää, Finland

A check list of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 5. family Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Tersilochinae, Ophioninae, Anomaloninae, Paxylommatinae, Cremastinae and Campopleginae (Hymenoptera, Parasitica)

Koponen, Martti, Jussila, Reijo & Vikberg, Veli 2003: Suomen loispistiäisluettelo. Osa 5. heimo Ichneumonidae, alaheimot Tersilochinae, Ophioninae, Anomaloninae, Paxylommatinae, Cremastinae ja Campopleginae. [A check list of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 5. family Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Tersilochinae, Ophioninae, Anomaloninae, Paxylommatinae, Cremastinae and Campopleginae.] (Hymenoptera, Parasitica) — Sahlbergia 8: 27-48. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

68 species of Tersilochinae, 22 of Ophioninae, 39 of Anomaloninae, 1 of Paxylommatinae, 13 of Cremastinae and 287 of Campopleginae, all together 430 species of Ichneumonidae are listed from Finland with their literature references. 52 species are reported as new to Finland.

Koponen, M., Department of Applied Biology, P.O. Box 27, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

Jussila, R., Zoological Museum, Section of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, department of Biology, FIN-20014 University of Turku, Finland

Etelänukonkorennon (Aeshna mixta Latreille, 1805) vaellukset Suomeen 2002-2003 (Odonata, Aeshnidae)

Hämäläinen, M., Huldén, L. & Karjalainen, S. 2004: Etelänukonkorennon (Aeshna mixta Latreille, 1805) vaellukset Suomeen 2002-2003 (Odonata, Aeshnidae). – Sahlbergia 8: 49-54. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Migrant individuals of Aeshna mixta were recorded for the first time in Finland in August-September 2002 and again in August-October 2003. Confirmed observations from several sites along the southern coast of the country (in N: Porvoo, N: Helsinki, N: Espoo, N: Kirkkonummi, Ab: Pohja, Ab: Karjaa) and from Åland archipelago (Al: Lemland) are listed. Most records were made in bays by the sea, but a few also at a distance of 4-6 km from the coast. The distribution A. mixta and its migratory tendency are briefly discussed. The nearest autochthonous populations occur in the Riga region in Latvia, and this area might be the source of the migration to Finland. Records made by Doppler weather radar show that very large insects flew from Estonia towards Helsinki in many occasions at the end of July and the beginning of August in 2002, in afternoons when southeastern winds prevailed; apparently these insects were migrant A. mixta.

Matti Hämäläinen, Department of Applied Biology, P.O. Box 27, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

Larry Huldén, Finnish Museum of Natural History, P.O. Box 17, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

Records of true bugs new to Estonia, with some biological notes (Hemiptera-Heteroptera)

Coulianos, C.-C. 2003: Records of true bugs new to Estonia, with some biological notes (Hemiptera-Heteroptera). — Sahlbergia 8:55-63. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The following 57 species are reported as new to the Estonian fauna and with biological notes for species marked *. Micronecta griseola (Horváth),* Glaenocorisa cavifrons (Thomson), Hesperocorixa moesta (Fieber), Paracorixa concinna (Fieber), Sigara hellensii (C.R.Sahlberg), Sigara longipalis (J. Sahlberg), Notonecta reuteri Hungerford, *Coranus aethiops Jakovlev, Alloeotomus germanicus Wagner, *Deraeocoris morio (Boheman), Deraeocoris trifasciatus (Linnaeus), Agnocoris reclairei (Wagner), Apolygus limbatus (Fallén), Capsus pilifer Remane, Dichrooscytus intermedius Reuter, Dichrooscytus rufipennis (Fallén), *Lygus punctatus (Zetterstedt), Phytocoris tiliae (Fabricius), Phytocoris ulmi (Linnaeus), *Polymerus tepastus Rinne, Stenotus binotatus (Fabricius), Acetropis gimmerthalii (Flor), Labops sahlbergii (Fallén), Strongylocoris luridus (Fallén), Strongylocoris steganoides (J. Sahlberg), Globiceps salicicola Reuter, Orthotylus nassatus (Fabricius), Brachyarthrum limitatum Fieber, Megalocoleus tanaceti (Fallén), Phoenicocoris modestus (Meyer-Dür), Phoenicocoris obscurellus (Fallén), Plesiodema pinetella (Zetterstedt), Psallus confusus Rieger, Psallus luridus Reuter, Psallus varians (Herrich-Schaeffer), Salicarus roseri (Herrich-Schaeffer), Himacerus boops (Schiødte), Anthocoris pilosus (Jakovlev), Temnostethus pusillus (Herrich-Schaeffer), Tetraphleps aterrimus (J. Sahlberg), Scoloposcelis obscurella (Zetterstedt), Oeciacus hirundinis (Lamarck), Aradus betulinus Fallén, Aradus truncatus Fieber, Geocoris dispar (Waga) also reported as new for Lithuania and Kaliningrad region, Chilacis typhae (Perris), *Philomyrmex insignis R.F.Sahlberg, Tropistethus holosericeus (Scholtz), Drymus pilicornis (Mulsant & Rey), Stygnocoris fuligineus (Geoffroy), Emblethis verbasci (Fabricius), Coriomeris scabricornis (Panzer), *Nemocoris falleni R.F. Sahlberg, Elasmostethus brevis Lindberg, Dybowskyia reticulata (Dallas), Sciocoris macrocephalus Fieber, Chlorochroa pinicola (Mulsant). At present 454 species of Heteroptera are known from Estonia.

New and interesting finds of Hemiptera in Finland

Albrecht, A., Söderman, G., Rinne, V., Mattila, K., Mannerkoski, I., Karjalainen, S. & Ahlroth, P. 2003. New and interesting finds of Hemiptera in Finland. — Sahlbergia 8: 64- 78. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Fourty-four species and one subspecies of Hemiptera are recorded new to the Finnish fauna, the bugs Calocoris affinis (Herrich-Schäffer), Phytocoris reuteri (Saunders), Amphiareus obscuriceps (Poppius), Eusarcoris aeneus (Scopoli), Odontoscelis fuliginosa (Linnaeus), Dybowskyia reticulata (Dallas) and Cyphostethus tristriatus (Fabricius), the planthoppers Kelisia praecox (Haupt) and Stenocranus fuscovittaus (Stål), the leafhoppers Populicerus albicans (Kirschbaum), Macropsidius sahlbergi (Flor), Aphrodes bicincta (Schrank), Alebra albostriella (Fallén), Alebra neglecta (W.Wagner), Alebra wahlbergi (Boheman), Vilbasteana oculata (Lindberg), Fagocyba carri (Edwards), Edwardsiana ampliata (W.Wagner), Edwardsiana lanternae (W.Wagner), Edwardsiana gratiosa (Boheman), Edwardsiana tersa (Edwards), Eupterycyba jucunda (Herrich-Schäffer), Typhlocyba quercus (Fabricius), Zygina angusta Lethierry, Balclutha arhenana (Dlabola), Balclutha boica W. Wagner, Laburrus impictifrons (Boheman), Parapotes reticulatus (Horvath), Calamotettix taeniatus (Horvath), Mongolojassus bicuspidatus (J.Sahlberg), the psyllid Cacopsylla melanoneura (Foerster), the aphids Pemphigus populi Courchet, Aphis erigerontis Holman Aphis newtoni (Theobald), Aphis selini (Börner), Aphis viburni Scopoli, Brachycaudus tragopoginis (Kaltenbach) Coloradoa campestrella Ossiannilsson, Dysaphis centaureae (Börner), Dysaphis newskyi ossiannilssoni Stroyan, Hyperomyzus lampsanae Börner, Macrosiphoniella asteris (Walker) Pleotrichophorus duponti Hille Ris Lambers, Titanosiphon artemisiae (Koch) and Tuberolachnus salignus (Gmelin). In addition, previously unpublished data on seven aphids noted by Heie (1995) from Finland only as province records are given: Pterocomma populeum (Kaltenbach), Schizaphis scirpi (Passerini), Dysaphis newskyi newskyi (Börner), Pleotrichophorus persimilis Börner, Uroleucon inulicola (Hille Ris Lambers), Uroleucon murale (Buckton) and Trama centaureae Börner. Additional records for several redlisted or otherwise rare species from Finland are also given.

Anders Albrecht, Finnish Museum of Natural History, Dept. of entomology, PB 17, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki

Guy Söderman, Finnish Enviroment Institute, PB 140, FIN-00251 Helsinki

Veikko Rinne, Zoological Museum, Centre for Biodiversity, University of Turku, FIN-20014 Turku

Ilpo Mannerkoski, Finnish Environment Institute, PB 140, FIN-00251 Helsinki

Seppo Karjalainen, Finnish Forest and Park Service, Natural Heritage Services, Southern Finland

Petri Ahlroth Finnish Environment Institute, PB 140, FIN-00251 Helsinki

Aggregation behaviour of Meloe violaceus Marsham larvae, a field observation (Coleoptera, Meloidae)

Päivinen, J. & Mattila, J. 2003: Aggregation behaviour of Meloe violaceus Marsham larvae, a field observation (Coleoptera, Meloidae). — Sahlbergia 8: 79-81. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

A field observation of aggregation behaviour of Meloe violaceus in Finland is reported and potential connections to mimicry are discussed.

Jussi Päivinen, Metsähallitus, Natural Heretage Services, P.O. Box 36, FIN-40101, Jyväskylä, Finland

Jaakko Mattila, Jyväskylä University Museum, Section of Natural History, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40014 University of Jyväskylä, Finland; The Finnish Forest Research Institute, Vantaa Research Centre, Vantaa Unit, P.O. Box 18, FIN-01301, Vantaa, Finland

Carphoborus cholodkowskyi Spessivtseff, 1916 found in Finland (Coleoptera, Scolytidae)

Hyvärinen, E. & Mattila, J. 2003: Carphoborus cholodkowskyi Spessivtseff, 1916, Suomelle uusi kaarnakuoriaislaji [Carphoborus cholodkowskyi Spessivtseff, 1916 found in Finland] (Coleoptera, Scolytidae). – Sahlbergia 8: 82-83. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The scolytid beetle Carphoborus cholodkowskyi is reported for the first time in Finland on the basis of one individual collected in Ta: Korpilahti 24.4.–16.5.2001.

Esko Hyvärinen, Faculty of Forest Sciences, University of Joensuu, P.O.Box 111, FIN-80101 Joensuu, Finland

Jaakko Mattila, Finnish Forest Research Institute, P.O.Box 18, FIN-01301 VANTAA, Finland

Notes on fungus gnats from the Lemmenlaakso area in southern Finland, including six species new to the Finnish list (Diptera: Sciaroidea excl. Sciaridae)

Kurina, O. 2003: Notes on fungus gnats from the Lemmenlaakso area in southern Finland, including six species new to the Finnish list (Diptera: Sciaroidea excl. Sciaridae). – Sahlbergia 8: 84-88. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Data on 61 fungus gnats species collected from the Lemmenlaakso area in Järvenpää (N: 6709:398), are presented. Five species: Impleta consorta Plassmann, 1978, Anatella gibba Winnertz, 1863, Exechiopsis clypeata (Lundström, 1911), Mycetophila pseudoforcipata A.Zaitzev, 1998, M. sublunata A. Zaitzev, 1998 and Phronia coritanica Chandler, 1992 are reported from Finland for the first time. The second Fennoscandian record of I. consorta is reported.

Olavi Kurina, Institute of Zoology and Botany of Estonian Agricultural University, Riia st. 181, 51014 Tartu, Estonia

Simulium (Hellichiella) baffinense Twinn and Simulium (Hellichiella) crassum (Rubtsov), two new blackfly species for Finland (Diptera, Simuliidae)

Ilmonen, J. & Kuusela, K. 2003: Simulium (Hellichiella) baffinense Twinn ja Simulium (Hellichiella) crassum (Rubtsov), kaksi Suomelle uutta mäkärälajia [Simulium (Hellichiella) baffinense Twinn and Simulium (Hellichiella) crassum (Rubtsov), two new blackfly species for Finland] (Diptera, Simuliidae). — Sahlbergia 8: 89-91. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The first Finnish records of Simulium (Hellichiella) baffinense Twinn and Simulium (Hellichiella) crassum (Rubtsov) are reported. The species have been recorded in Finland in two cold spring brooks in southern boreal eco-region and in five small and cool headwater streams in northern boreal eco-region. Both species showed a patchy occurrence in different sets of sampling sites from headwater streams with variable flow and temperature.

Jari Ilmonen, Finnish Environment Institute, Nature Division, P.O.Box 140, FIN-00251 Helsinki, Finland

Kalevi Kuusela, University of Oulu, Oulanka Research Station, Liikasenvaarantie 134, FIN-93999 Kuusamo, Finland

Rare flies recorded in Finland during the year 2002 (Diptera)

Kahanpää, J. & Winqvist, K. 2003: Rare flies recorded in Finland during the year 2002 (Diptera). — Sahlbergia 8: 92-95. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

In 2002 a number of flies were recorded from Finland for the first time: Platypalpus annulipes, Dolichophorus kerteszi, Spiniphora maculata, Pipunculus zugmayeriae, Phytomyza pubicornis, Dicraeus vagans, Drosophila oldenbergi and Notiphila major. New records for Diplonevra concinna, Thecophora pusilla, Elachiptera diastema, Alliopsis conifrons and Coenosia means are also discussed. These species were previously known to occur in Finland, but they were omitted from Hackman’s (1980) checklist of Finnish flies.

Krivosheina, N. P. & Ståhls, G. 2003: Taxonomy and distribution of Temnostoma bombylans (Fabricius) and T. angustistriatum Krivosheina (Diptera, Syrphidae) in Northern Europe

Krivosheina, N. P. & Ståhls, G. 2003: Taxonomy and distribution of Temnostoma bombylans (Fabricius) and T. angustistriatum Krivosheina (Diptera, Syrphidae) in Northern Europe. — Sahlbergia 8: 96-99. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The taxonomy of Temnostoma bombylans (Fabricius, 1805) and T. angustistriatum Krivosheina, 2002 (Diptera, Syrphidae) is reviewed. All Finnish specimens earlier determined as T. bombylans are T. angustistriatum. The junior synonym of T. bombylans, T. zetterstedti (Fallén, 1816) is re-described. Distributional data and differential diagnosis are given for both taxa.

Nina P. Krivosheina, Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Moscow 119071, Russia

Gunilla Ståhls, Finnish Museum of Natural History, Dept. of Entomology, PO Box 17, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

Brief communications — Lyhyitä tiedonantoja — Korta meddelanden

Communications presented at meetings of the Entomological Society of Helsinki (EFH) and the Lepidopterological Society of Finland (LSF). — Helsingin Hyönteistieteellisen Yhdistyksen (EFH) ja Suomen Perhostutkijain Seuran (LSF) kokouksissa esitettyjä tiedonantoja. — Meddelanden framförda på Entomologiska Föreningens i Helsingfors (EFH) och Lepoidopterologiska Sällskapets i Finland (LSF) möten. Sahlbergia 2003: 100.


Vuosikerta 9 (2004)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Enumeratio nova Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae

Silfverberg, H. 2004: Enumeratio nova Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae. - Sahlbergia 9(1):1-111.

A revised check-list is presented of the Coleoptera of northern Europe (Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Fennoscandian parts of Russia).

Frequency scoring points and the findings of rare caddisfly species in Finland (Trichoptera)

Salokannel, J., Mattila, K., Saarela, E., Bagge, P., Salmela, J. & Järventausta, K. 2004: Suomen vesiperhosten frekvenssipisteet ja harvinaisten lajien havainnot (Trichoptera). [Frequency scoring points and the findings of rare caddisfly species in Finland (Trichoptera)]. — Sahlbergia 9(2): 113-121.

Frequency scoring points are given to Finnish caddisfly species according to number of their known localities. The score has been approximated for common species. The findings of the rarest species (max. 6 localities) have been gathered and many of the determinations have been checked. Apatania stylata, Navás 1916 is removed from Finnish list because of misidentification.

Enumeratio nova Coleopterorum: errata

Silfverberg, H. 2004. Enumeratio nova Coleopterorum: errata. — Sahlbergia 9(2): 122.

Country records accidentally omitted from the new check list are added.

New records of the threatened fly Pachyneura fasciata Zetterstedt, 1838 in eastern Fennoscandia

Salmela, J. & Ilmonen, J. 2004: New records of the threatened fly Pachyneura fasciata Zetterstedt, 1838 in eastern Fennoscandia. [Uusia havaintoja uhanalaisesta aarnisääskestä Pachyneura fasciata Zetterstedt, 1838 itäisestä Fennoskandiasta (Diptera, Nematocera)]. — Sahlbergia 9(2): 123-126.

We report six new records of Pachyneura fasciata Zetterstedt, 1838 (Diptera, Nematocera) in Finland and two in Russian Karelia based on Malaise trap catches and sweep-netting. All records were made in the riparian zone around small water bodies. Pachyneura fasciata occurred usually in low numbers but was abundant in one site.

Imports of the longhorn beetle Plagionotus detritus (L.), to Finland (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae)

Biström, O. 2004: Import av bredbandad ekbarkbock, Plagionotus detritus (L.), till Finland (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). [Imports of the longhorn beetle Plagionotus detritus (L.), to Finland (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae)]. — Sahlbergia 9(2): 127-128.

The longhorn beetle Plagionotus detritus (Linnaeus) is reported from Finland (Esbo and Helsingfors). Two specimens were collected indoors in February and March 2004. The records are considered as imports.

Harpalus signaticornis (Duftschmid), a new carabid species from Estonia (Coleoptera, Carabidae)

Biström, O. 2004: Harpalus signaticornis (Duftschmid), en ny jordlöparart för Estland (Coleoptera, Carabidae). [Harpalus signaticornis (Duftschmid), a new carabid species from Estonia (Coleoptera, Carabidae)]. — Sahlbergia 9(2):129-130.

The carabid species Harpalus (Semiophonus) signaticornis (Duftschmid, 1812) (Coleoptera, Carabidae) is reported for the first time from Estonia. One specimen was collected in June 2003 under wrack on a dune beach on the island of Hiiumaa.

Dytiscus dimidiatus Bergsträsser, 1778 (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae) in Finland

Kullberg, J. 2004: Dytiscus dimidiatus Bergsträsser, 1778 (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae) Suomessa. [Dytiscus dimidiatus Bergsträsser, 1778 (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae) in Finland]. — Sahlbergia 9(2): 131-132.

Dytiscus dimidiatus was found as new to Finland in 1916 and only few record are known. The article lists all the Finnish records and the status of the species is discussed. The species seem to have a population in SW archipelago in Ab: Dragsfjärd Örö (664:23), where altogether three specimens have been recorded during years 1998 and 2000. The locality is in a sandy island belonging to 2nd Salpausselkä esker chain in outer archipelago. Regular light trapping has been carried out in Örö since 1990 and Dytiscus species have been frequent visitors since beginning of the study. Summers during 1990’s have been very sunny and autumns long and warm, which may be the reason for the species to become more abundant and therefore more easily detected.

Rainieria latifrons (Loew, 1870) found in Estonia (Diptera: Micropezidae)

Kurina, O. 2004: Rainieria latifrons (Loew, 1870) found in Estonia (Diptera: Micropezidae). — Sahlbergia 9(2): 133-134.

The micropezid fly Rainieria latifrons (Loew, 1870) is reported from Estonia for the first time. The distributional data are provided based on the relevant literature. Pictures of the female specimen and its collecting locality are presented.

Changes in the Finnish fauna of fungus gnats (Diptera: Mycetophilidae s. l.) since Hackman’s checklist

Polevoi, A. V. & Jakovlev, J. B. 2004: Changes in the Finnish fauna of fungus gnats (Diptera: Mycetophilidae s. l.) since Hackman’s checklist. — Sahlbergia 9(2): 135-140.

Additions and deletions to the Finnish fauna of fungus gnats since publication of the current check-list of the Finnish Diptera (Hackman 1980a) are summarized. 114 species of fungus gnats were added and 10 species deleted from the list resulting in total number of species in Finnish fauna to be 589. All newly recorded species as well as those not included into Hackman’s check list are listed with the indication record source.

Adelphomyia punctum (Meigen, 1818) found from Finland (Diptera, Limoniidae)

Salmela, J. & Härmä, O. 2004: Adelphomyia punctum (Meigen, 1818) found from Finland (Diptera, Limoniidae). [Adelphomyia punctum (Meigen, 1818) löydetty Suomesta (Diptera, Limoniidae)]. — Sahlbergia 9(2): 141-143.

Limoniid fly Adelphomyia punctum is here reported for the first time from Finland. The species was caught from Kivijärvi (Ta: Urjala) Nature Reserve in 2003. The finding locality, distribution and ecology of A. punctum are presented.

Leaf mines on Himalayan Balsam, Impatiens glandulifera, in Finland

Silfverberg, H. 2004. Bladminor på jättebalsamin (Impatiens glandulifera) i Finland. [Leaf mines on Himalayan Balsam, Impatiens glandulifera, in Finland]. — Sahlbergia 9(2): 144.

Impatiens glandulifera has during the last decade become locally quite common in southern Finland. In summer 2004 it was observed in Helsinki to be infected by an agromyzid fly, which based on the shape of the mines was identified as Phytoliriomyza melampyga (Loew). That species has formerly been reported from Finland as living on Impatiens noli-tangere.

Corrections to the Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera

Kullberg, J., Kullberg, A. & Mutanen, M. 2004: Korjauksia Suomen perhosten luetteloon [Corrections to the Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera]. — Sahlbergia 9(2): 145-146.

When compiling the Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera (Kullberg et al. 2002) some errors were unintentionally created especially during manual copying of provincial data for families Micropterygidae - Pyralidae from the distributional maps of Kerppola et al. (1995). In this article we correct the erroneus distributional data as well as some other errors in the list. The article does not contain new species for Finland or other new additional data for the checklist.

Checklist of Finnish Hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae)

Haarto, A. & Kerppola, S. 2004: Checklist of Finnish Hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae). — Sahlbergia 9(2): 147-164.

The present list includes 330 hoverfly species recorded in Finland by the end of August 2004. Of the total, 38 hoverfly species are reported as new to Finland. In addition, 44 earlier reports of new species to the fauna absent from the previous list (Hackman 1980) are annotated briefly. Finally, 21 species have been omitted or their identities have been changed due to previous misidentifications or revisions.


Vuosikerta 10 (2005)

  • Salmela, J.: New moth flies for eastern Fennoscandia (Diptera, Psychodidae). [Itäiselle Fennoskandialle uusia perhossääskiä (Diptera, Psychodidae)]
  • Salmela, J.: Agrypnia sahlbergi (McLachlan, 1880) rediscovered from Finland (Trichoptera, Phryganeidae). [Tundrahiidekäs Agrypnia sahlbergi (McLachlan, 1880) uudelleenlöydetty Suomesta (Trichoptera, Phryganeidae)]
  • Raunio, J. & Langton, P. H.: First record of Georthocladius luteicornis (Diptera: Chironomidae) in Finland
  • Kahanpää, J. & Winqvist, K.: Check-list of Finnish flies: families Xylophagidae – Microphoridae ©
  • Perkiömäki, J. & Rutanen, I.: Harvinaisia maakiitäjäisiä Helsingin Vuosaaresta. [Records of rare carabids from Vuosaari, Helsinki (Coleoptera, Carabidae)]
  • Vikberg, V.: Orakärpänen (Urophora cardui) ja sen kiilukaisloiset Etelä-Suomessa [The thistle stem gall-fly (Urophora cardui) and its chalcidoid parasitoids in southern Finland (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Pteromalidae, Torymidae)] CC BY-NC-ND
  • Penttinen, J. & Siitonen, J.: Five species of log midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae: Porricondylinae) new to Finland
  • Ilmonen, J.: Notes on mating swarms of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in northern Finland
  • Schigel, D. S.: Polypore-inhabiting beetles of four protected forests in South Häme, Central Finland
  • Teräs, I. & Savolainen, E.: Sinirautamehiläinen Xylocopa violacea (Linnaeus) löydetty importtina Kuopiosta (Hymenoptera, Apidae) [Xylocopa violacea (Linnaeus) found imported in Kuopio, Finland (Hymenoptera, Apidae)]
  • Ollikainen, M. & Rinne, V.: Liorhyssus hyalinus (Fabricius) new to Finnish fauna (Heteroptera, Rhopalidae)
  • Nuorteva, M., Nuorteva, J. & Olsen, T. J.: Records of sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) from Østfold, Southern Norway

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

New moth flies for eastern Fennoscandia (Diptera, Psychodidae)

Salmela, J. 2005: New moth flies for eastern Fennoscandia (Diptera, Psychodidae). [Itäiselle Fennoskandialle uusia perhossääskiä (Diptera, Psychodidae)]. — Sahlbergia 10:1–3.

Four moth flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) are reported for the first time from Finland and Russian Karelia. Logima satchelli (Quate, 1955) and Logima erminea (Eaton, 1898) were caught from Espoo (N) and two rarely caught and poorly known species Sciria advena and Katamormia acuminata are here reported for the first time from northern Europe. Dendrolimnobiontic Sciria advena (Eaton, 1893) was collected from Finland, Savonranta (Sb) Raatelamminsalo old-growth forest. Hollow aspen (Populus tremula) trees may support the populations of Sciria advena in boreal Fennoscandia. Katamormia acuminata (Strobl, 1901), a species known from the type material only, was collected near a forest brook in Russian Karelia, Paanajärvi National Park.

Agrypnia sahlbergi (McLachlan, 1880) rediscovered from Finland (Trichoptera, Phryganeidae)

Salmela, J. 2005: Agrypnia sahlbergi (McLachlan, 1880) rediscovered from Finland (Trichoptera, Phryganeidae). [Tundrahiidekäs Agrypnia sahlbergi (McLachlan, 1880) uudelleenlöydetty Suomesta (Trichoptera, Phryganeidae)]. — Sahlbergia 10: 4–6.

New findings of the threatened caddisfly Agrypnia sahlbergi from Finland are reported. The species was collected with Malaise traps in two localities in Sarmitunturi wilderness area (InL: Inari). The trapping localities are shortly described and co-occurring caddisflies are listed.

First record of Georthocladius luteicornis (Diptera: Chironomidae) in Finland

Raunio, J. & Langton, P. H. 2005: First record of Georthocladius luteicornis (Diptera: Chironomidae) in Finland. — Sahlbergia 10: 7–9.

A pupal exuviae of the chironomid Georthocladius luteicornis (Goetghebuer) was collected in early May 2004 from the large boreal river Kymi, southeast Finland. This was the first time the species has been found in Scandinavia outside Norway. The species has previously been recorded mainly from central and western parts of Europe inhabiting typically small lentic waters. Our observation suggests that the species’ distribution extends further northeast in Europe than understood before and that the species is to be found also in large rivers. The distribution and ecology of the species and morphological characteristics of the pupal exuviae are discussed.

Check-list of Finnish flies: families Xylophagidae – Microphoridae

Kahanpää, J. & Winqvist, K. 2005: Check-list of Finnish flies: families Xylophagidae – Microphoridae. — Sahlbergia 10: 10–27.

A checklist is presented for the Finnish species of the fly families Xylophagidae, Stratiomyidae, Xylomyidae, Athericidae, Rhagionidae, Tabanidae, Acroceridae, Asilidae, Bombyliidae, Mythicomyiidae, Therevidae, Scenopinidae, Atelestidae, Empididae, Hybotidae and Microphoridae. Seventeen species previously not recorded from Finland are here added to the Finnish fauna. The following species have been erroneously reported from Finland and are here deleted from the list of Finnish species: Tabanidae: Haematopota italica Meigen, 1804. Stratiomyidae: Odontomyia hydroleon (Linnaeus, 1758). Asilidae: Cyrtopogon maculipennis (Macquart, 1834), Machimus gonatistes (Zeller, 1840). Bombyliidae: Phthiria canescens Loew, 1846, Anastoechus nitidulus (Fabricius, 1794), Villa fasciata (Meigen, 1804), Villa longicornis Lyneborg, 1965, Villa panisca (Rossi, 1790). Therevidae: Cliorismia ardea (Fabricius, 1794), Cliorismia rustica (Panzer, 1804). Empididae: Wiedemannia fallaciosa (Loew, 1873), Empis punctata Meigen, 1804, Hilara hirtella Collin, 1927, Hilara pseudochorica Strobl, 1892, Hilara scrobiculata Loew, 1873, Hilara tetragramma Loew, 1873, Rhamphomyia poissoni (Theren, 1966), Rhamphomyia tibialis Meigen, 1822. Hybotidae: Crossopalpus abditus Kovalev, 1972. The Finnish records of Rhagionidae: Chrysophilus splendidus (Meigen), Asilidae: Epitriptus arthriticus (Zeller), Epitriptus cingulatus (Fabricius), Choerades fimbriata (Meigen) and Hybotidae: Drapetis incompleta Collin, 1926 are considered dubious, and they are not included in the checklist. The total number of species found from Finland in these families is now 483.

Harvinaisia maakiitäjäisiä Helsingin Vuosaaresta (Coleoptera, Carabidae)

Perkiömäki, J. & Rutanen, I. 2005: Harvinaisia maakiitäjäisiä Helsingin Vuosaaresta. [Records of rare carabids from Vuosaari, Helsinki (Coleoptera, Carabidae)]. — Sahlbergia 10: 28–29.

The ground beetle species Badister sodalis (Duftschmid, 1812) is for the first time reported from Finland based on three specimens collected on the edge of a moist meadow in Vuosaari, Helsinki (N). The habitat of this species is shortly described. The finds of another rare carabid, Chlaenius nitidulus (Schrank, 1781), already earlier reported from Finland, are completed. For both these species Vuosaari is the only known finding place in Finland. The site of C. nitidulus is nowadays built up and this species is in all probability extinct in Finland.

Orakärpänen (Urophora cardui) ja sen kiilukaisloiset Etelä-Suomessa (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Pteromalidae, Torymidae)

Vikberg, V. 2005: Orakärpänen (Urophora cardui) ja sen kiilukaisloiset Etelä-Suomessa [The thistle stem gall-fly (Urophora cardui) and its chalcidoid parasitoids in southern Finland (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Pteromalidae, Torymidae)]. — Sahlbergia 10: 30–49.

Stem galls caused by Urophora cardui (Linnaeus) (Diptera, Tephritidae) on Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. were collected in 1983-2004 in southern Finland. A total of 1355 specimens of 8 chalcidoid parasitoids were reared from them. The most frequent species (61.6 % of parasitoid records) was Eurytoma serratulae (Fabricius) (Eurytomidae), a monophagous endoparasitoid of U. cardui larva. In South Häme (Ta) in 1995-2003 64-82 % of the gall samples were infested by it. E. serratulae showed as good a dispersion capacity as the host, and up to autumn 2003 both had dispersed 144 km North-West and 171 km North from Helsinki where U. cardui was in Finland first detected in 1981. The mean annual dispersion rate was 6.5-7.8 km. Three exophagous parasitoids which also have other hosts were considerably less frequent: Pteromalus elevatus (Walker) (Pteromalidae) (18.4 %), Eurytoma robusta Mayr (12.5 %) and Torymus chloromerus (Walker) (Torymidae) (4.5 %). One female of Pteromalus hieracii (Thomson) emerged in Vantaa from the galls; this species occurs normally in stem galls of Aulacidea hieracii (Bouché) (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) on Hieracium umbellatum L. The overwintered galls were attacked again by Pteromalus elevatus, and occasionally by Eupelmus (Macroneura) vesicularis (Retzius) (Eupelmidae), twice by the gregarious Pronotalia carlinarum (Szelényi & Erdös) (Eulophidae) and once possibly by Cyrtogaster vulgaris Walker (Pteromalidae).

Five species of log midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae: Porricondylinae) new to Finland

Penttinen, J. & Siitonen, J. 2005: Five species of log midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae: Porricondylinae) new to Finland. - Sahlbergia 10: 50–53.

Five gall midge species of the subfamily Porricondylinae are reported for the first time from Finland. Monepidosis pectinata Mamaev, 1966; Paratetraneuromyia vernalis Spungis, 1987; Porricondyla lutescens Spungis, 1981 and Pseudepidosis trifida Mamaev, 1966 were caught by Malaise trapping from Norway spruce-dominated old-growth forests in central Finland (Tb), and Epidosis modesta (Spungis, 1981) from a burnt clear-cut site in Evo region, southern Finland (Ta). Only 33 species of Porricondylinae were previously known from Finland, but the real number of species is likely to be well over 100.

Notes on mating swarms of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in northern Finland

Ilmonen, J. 2005: Notes on mating swarms of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in northern Finland. - Sahlbergia 10: 54–58.

Mating swarms of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) were recorded in hilltops in northern Finland. In August 2003, mating swarms comprising mainly male Simulium tuberosum (Lundström) were recorded. Individuals of Simulium angustipes Edwards, S. aureum Fries, S. ornatum species group and S. rostratum (Lundström) occurred sporadically in the swarms. In July 2003, one mating swarm comprising Metacnephia saileri (Stone), S. vernum Macquart, and S. tuberosum was recorded. Hilltopping behaviour is an especially rarely documented form of aerial mating in black flies. Similar mating swarms of palearctic Metacnephia species to those presented here have not been recorded previously.

Polypore-inhabiting beetles of four protected forests in South Häme, Central Finland

Schigel, D. S. 2005: Polypore-inhabiting beetles of four protected forests in South Häme, Central Finland. - Sahlbergia 10: 59-62.

Beetles living on polypores show preferences to hardness, moisture and other characteristics of fungal substrates. This topic was studied in four protected forests in South Häme, Central Finland (Lammi Biological Station Reserve, Kotinen Virgin Forest, Metsäksensoidinmaa Nature Reserve, and Vesijako Strict Nature Reserve). On 21 polypore species 30 such beetle species were found. New larval substrates are reported for three beetle species, Perenniporia subacida for Cis nitidus, Trametes velutina for Cis hispidus, and Postia stiptica for Hallomenus binotatus. Clambus nigrellus, a rare beetle species in Finland, is attracted to a near-threatened polypore Postia guttulata.

Sinirautamehiläinen Xylocopa violacea (Linnaeus) löydetty importtina Kuopiosta (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

Teräs, I. & Savolainen, E. 2005: Sinirautamehiläinen Xylocopa violacea (Linnaeus) löydetty importtina Kuopiosta (Hymenoptera, Apidae) [Xylocopa violacea (Linnaeus) found imported in Kuopio, Finland (Hymenoptera, Apidae)]. - Sahlbergia 10: 63-64.

Three females and one male of Xylocopa violacea (Linnaeus) (Hymenoptera, Apidae) were found imported in Sb: Kuopio, Kelloniemi in August, 2004. Earlier only one (imported) female of X. violacea has been recorded from Finland (Sa: Kangasniemi in 1923). At the nearest, the species lives in natural conditions in Poland.

Liorhyssus hyalinus (Fabricius) new to Finnish fauna (Heteroptera, Rhopalidae)

Ollikainen, M. & Rinne, V. 2005: Liorhyssus hyalinus (Fabricius) new to Finnish fauna (Heteroptera, Rhopalidae). - Sahlbergia 10: 65-67.

The hyaline brown bug Liorhyssus hyalinus (Fabricius) is recorded for the first time from Finland. This is also the second record of the species in the Nordic countries.

Records of sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) from Østfold, Southern Norway

Nuorteva, M., Nuorteva, J. & Olsen, T. J. 2005: Records of sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) from Østfold, Southern Norway. - Sahlbergia 10: 68–79.

The sawfly records of the commune of Østfold in South Norway are compiled largely based on results of extensive recent collecting by the authors. The material comprises a total of 3324 specimens which belong to 251 species. Sixty-nine species are reported as new to Norway.


Vuosikerta 11 (2006)

Lyhennelmät eivät saatavilla.


Vuosikerta 12:1 (2007)

  • Söderman, G., Winqvist, K., Albrecht, A. & Kahanpää, J.: Suomen hedelmäkärpästen (Diptera: Tephritidae) biologia, levinneisyys ja uhanalaisuus [Biology, distribution and conservation status of Finnish fruit-flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)]
  • Winqvist, K. & Kahanpää, J.: Checklist of Finnish flies: superfamilies Tephritoidea and Sciomyzoidea (Diptera: Brachycera) ©
  • Salmela, J., Autio, O., Kulmala, K.: Tipula laetibasis Alexander, 1934 löydetty Suomesta (Diptera, Tipulidae)
  • Penttinen, J. & Spungis, V.: Additions to the Finnish fauna of log midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae: Porricondylinae)
  • Kahanpää, J. & Salmela, J.: Ohkolanjokilaakson Natura-alueen kaksisiipisistä (Diptera)
  • Humala, A. Jussila, R. & Koponen, M.: Ichneumonids (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) new to Finland

Lyhennelmät eivät saatavilla.


Vuosikerta 13:2 (2007)

  • Väänänen, S. & Vikberg, V.: Dryinus nigerKieffer, 1904 ja Gonatopus solidus (Haupt, 1938), kaksi Suomelle uutta pihtipistiäistä (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea: Dryinidae). [Dryinus niger Kieffer, 1904 and Gonatopus solidus (Haupt, 1938) (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea: Dryinidae), two new dryinid speciesfound in Finland]
  • Vikberg, V. & Penttinen, J.: Metanopedias lasiopterae (Kieffer, 1916) (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) kasvatettu liekosääskestä Asynapta pectoralis Winnertz, 1853 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae: Porricondylinae) Etelä-Suomessa [Metanopedias lasiopterae (Kieffer, 1916) (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) reared from log midge Asynapta pectoralis Winnertz, 1853 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae: Porricondylinae) in southern Finland]
  • Biström, O. & Laiho, J.: Herhiläislyhytsiiven (Velleius dilatatus Fabricius; Coleoptera Staphylinidae) joukkoesiintyminen Kaakkois-Suomessa vuonna 2007. (Mass-occurrence of the staphylinid species Velleius dilatatus Fabricius in South Eastern Finland in 2007 (Coleoptera))
  • Karjalainen, S.: Sudenkorentojen (Odonata) uudet maakuntahavainnot 2002–2007 [New provincial records of Finnish dragonflies (Odonata) in 2002–2007] ©
  • Mikkola, K., Kaila, L., Rantala, M., Segersvärd, P. & Vuolanto, S.: Edeltävän hellekesän entomologisia seurausilmiöitä alkukesällä 2007 Suomessa ja Latviassa (Odonata, Heteroptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera ja Coleoptera) [Some entomological consequences of the exceptionally xerothermic summer 2006 shown in early season of 2007 in Finland and Latvia (Odonata, Heteroptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera and Coleoptera)]
  • Haarto, A. & Kerppola, S.: Muutoksia Suomen kukkakärpäsfaunaan (Diptera, Syrphidae) [Changes to Fauna of Finnish Hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae)] CC BY-NC-ND
  • Koponen, M., Vainio, T., Vikberg, V. & Jussila, R.: Syspasis scutellator (Gravenhorst, 1829), Suomelle uusi kiho (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae, Heresiarchini). [Syspasis scutellator (Gravenhorst, 1829), new to Finland (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae, Heresiarchini)]
  • Kehlmaier C. & Ståhls G.: Finnish Pipunculidae (Diptera) studies part II: an annotated checklist of Finnish big-headed flies CC BY-NC-ND

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Dryinus niger Kieffer, 1904 ja Gonatopus solidus (Haupt, 1938), kaksi Suomelle uutta pihtipistiäistä (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea: Dryinidae)

Väänänen, S. & Vikberg, V. 2007: Dryinus niger Kieffer, 1904 ja Gonatopus solidus (Haupt, 1938), kaksi Suomelle uutta pihtipistiäistä (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea: Dryinidae). [Dryinus niger Kieffer, 1904 and Gonatopus solidus (Haupt, 1938) (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea: Dryinidae), two new dryinid speciesfound in Finland].– Sahlbergia 13: 1–5.

The dryinid wasps Dryinus niger Kieffer, 1904 and Gonatopus solidus (Haupt, 1938) are reportedfor the first time from Finland.Two females of D. niger were caught in a window trap in 6.7.-7.8. 2004 and 29.7.-1.9.2004 in St: Eurajoki.  (6808:321). An another female was swept on 26.6.2006 in ES: Mikkeli (6848:528). D. niger represents a new dryinid genus and subfamily for Finland. D. niger is a parasitoid of adult leafhoppers (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cixiidae). D. niger is a rare species and not much is known about its life-history or habits. Cixius cunicularius (Linnaeus, 1767) is tentatively named as a host for D. niger in Finland. Two females of G. solidus were swept on 5.8.1994 in U: Hanko (6641:277, leg. J. Perkiömäki). This rare speciesis new for Northern Europe. We also briefly discuss the evidence of Cixius nymphs (Cixiidae) being the probable hosts for Embolemus ruddii Westwood, 1833 (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea: Embolemidae).

Metanopedias lasiopterae (Kieffer, 1916) (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) kasvatettu liekosääskestä Asynapta pectoralis Winnertz, 1853 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae: Porricondylinae) Etelä-Suomessa

Vikberg, V. & Penttinen, J. 2007: Metanopedias lasiopterae (Kieffer, 1916) (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) kasvatettu liekosääskestä Asynapta pectoralis Winnertz, 1853 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae: Porricondylinae) Etelä-Suomessa [Metanopedias lasiopterae (Kieffer, 1916) (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) reared from log midge Asynapta pectoralis Winnertz, 1853 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae: Porricondylinae) in southern Finland]. – Sahlbergia 13: 6–9.

426 specimens of Metanopedias lasiopterae (Kieffer, 1916) were reared from a dead downy birch (Betula pubescens) branch intended for fire wood in Janakkala, Turenki in southern Finland. The platygastrid species emerged from cut ends of hard wood from radial cracks where the host log midge Asynapta pectoralis had its cocoons. This is the first rearing of M. lasiopterae from A. pectoralis and the first verified record of the larval biology of A. pectoralis.

Herhiläislyhytsiiven (Velleius dilatatus Fabricius; Coleoptera Staphylinidae) joukkoesiintyminen Kaakkois-Suomessa vuonna 2007

Biström, O. & Laiho, J. 2007: Herhiläislyhytsiiven (Velleius dilatatus Fabricius; Coleoptera Staphylinidae) joukkoesiintyminen Kaakkois-Suomessa vuonna 2007. (Mass-occurrence of the staphylinid species Velleius dilatatus Fabricius in South Eastern Finland in 2007 (Coleoptera)). – Sahlbergia 13: 10–12.

Numerous specimens of Velleius dilataus Fabricius, living as an accepted guest in the nest of the hornet (Vespa crabro Linnaeus), were collected in South Eastern Finland in the summer 2007. All records of the staphylinid species are listed and the findings since its first Finnsh record in 1999 to 2007 are mapped. The distribution of the hornet coincides remarkably well in comparison with records of V. dilatatus. As expected the occurrence of V. crabro seems to be a prerequisite for occurrence of V. dilatatus. V. dilatatus is at present a widely distributed species in South Eastern Finland.

Sudenkorentojen (Odonata) uudet maakuntahavainnot 2002–2007

Karjalainen, S. 2007: Sudenkorentojen (Odonata) uudet maakuntahavainnot 2002–2007 [New provincial records of Finnish dragonflies (Odonata) in 2002–2007]. – Sahlbergia 13: 13–25.

This paper presents 48 new provincial records of Finnish dragonflies made in 2002–2007. In this period two species new to the Finnish fauna have been found, viz. Aeshna mixta Latreille, 1805 and Sympecma paedisca (Brauer, 1877). By 2007, both of them are already distributed in a large area adjacent to the southern coast. Also Coenagrion puella (Linnaeus, 1758), Sympetrum sanguineum (Müller, 1764) and Leucorrhinia pectoralis (Charpentier, 1825) have become more common and are currently distributed in a wider area than before. The large number of new provincial records result from greatly increased interest in dragonflies in Finland and widened distribution pattern of some species. An updated version of a distribution table of Finnish dragonflies by biogeographical provinces is presented.

Edeltävän hellekesän entomologisia seurausilmiöitä alkukesällä 2007 Suomessa ja Latviassa (Odonata, Heteroptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera ja Coleoptera)

Mikkola, K., Kaila, L., Rantala, M., Segersvärd, P. & Vuolanto, S. 2007: Edeltävän hellekesän entomologisia seurausilmiöitä alkukesällä 2007 Suomessa ja Latviassa (Odonata, Heteroptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera ja Coleoptera) [Some entomological consequences of the exceptionally xerothermic summer 2006 shown in early season of 2007 in Finland and Latvia (Odonata, Heteroptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera and Coleoptera)] – Sahlbergia 13: 26–33.

In southern and western Finland, the latter part of the summer of 2006 was extremely sunny and dry, and it was to be expected that some univoltine insect species would show gradations the next summer. As possible examples, the occurrences of five species from five different insect orders are presented. In the advantageous sunny wea­ther of the early summer of 2007, the dragonfly Libellula quadrimaculata showed a mass eclosion in a shallow bay with vast reeds in SE Finland. The bug Graphosoma lineatum was for the first time encountered in a number, the first observation from the country being from the previous summer. The most dramatic mass occurrence was that of Dolichovespula media. In the early summer, a coastal migration of estimated 25 000 exx. was observed, and the numerous wasps caused troubles to the lepido­pterists using bait traps. Worsening of the weather type probably prevented the queens to raise their progeny. The “free” lifespan of the non-oviposited queens extended as long as one and half months, but finally the wasps experienced a population crash. The noctuid Trachea atriplicis serves as an example of many nocturnal lepidopterans that were earlier rare but which came now in numbers to the baits. Finally, an exceptional migration obliquely against the wind along sea coast by the famous pest, colorado beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, was observed in northern Latvia: around hundred specimens flew north and another hundred was found from the shore having drifted back with the waves.

Muutoksia Suomen kukkakärpäsfaunaan (Diptera, Syrphidae)

Haarto, A. & Kerppola, S. 2007: Muutoksia Suomen kukkakärpäsfaunaan (Diptera, Syrphidae) [Changes to Fauna of Finnish Hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae)]. – Sahlbergia 13: 34–40.

After the publication of Checklist of Finnish Hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae) (Haarto & Kerppola 2004) 24 species have been recorded as new to the Finnish fauna and four species have been omitted. Total number of species is now 350. Most of the newly recorded species are illustrated in the book ‘Finnish Hoverflies and some species in adjacent countries’ (Haarto & Kerppola 2007). The following species are here illustrated: Eupeodes goeldlini, Platycheirus urakawensis, Xanthogramma stackelbergi and Xylota xanthocnema.

Syspasis cutellator (Gravenhorst, 1829), Suomelle uusi kiho (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae, Heresiarchini)

Koponen, M., Vainio, T., Vikberg, V. & Jussila, R. 2007: Syspasis scutellator (Gravenhorst, 1829), Suomelle uusi kiho (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae, Heresiarchini). [Syspasis scutellator (Gravenhorst, 1829), new to Finland (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae, Heresiarchini)]. – Sahlbergia 13: 41–43.

The ichneumonid species Syspasis scutellator is reported as a new species to Finland. It is fairly common from southern to middle Finland. A hibernating female was found and photographed. In summer the female has been found from May 31st to September 11th. The male has been found only from July 18th to August 28th. This species has not been reared in Finland.

Finnish Pipunculidae (Diptera) studies part II: an annotated checklist of Finnish big-headed flies

Kehlmaier C. & Ståhls G. 2007: Finnish Pipunculidae (Diptera) studies part II: an annotated checklist of Finnish big-headed flies.– Sahlbergia 13: 44–68.

The paper represents the second part of a project dealing with the Finnish Pipunculidae fauna. An annotated checklist is provided for Finland, with voucher specimens of each recorded taxon for each biogeographic region where present. The number of species cited for Finland is increased from 78 (including doubtful records) to 107.


Vuosikerta 14 (2008)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Komonen, A., Rinne, V., Söderman, G. & Rintala, T. 2008: Harjujen paahdealueiden kaskas- ja ludelajisto Pohjois-Karjalassa [Auchenorrhyncha and Heteroptera species on sun-exposed patches of North Carelian eskers]. — Sahlbergia 14: 1–12.

Harjumetsien etelärinteet ja niiden avoimet paahdelaikut ovat pienialaisia, mutta metsäluonnon monimuotoisuudelle tärkeitä elinympäristöjä. Harjujen paahdealueita kartoitettiin Pohjois-Karjalassa kesällä 2006. Edustavimmilta kohteilta (n = 14) kerättiin hyönteisnäytteitä ikkuna- ja kuoppapyydyksin. Kaskaita (Auchenorrhyncha) havaittiin yhteensä 36 lajia, joista Pohjois-Karjalan maakunnalle uusia lajeja oli seitsemän ja varsinaisia paahdealueiden lajeja yhdeksän. Luteita (Heteroptera) havaittiin 67 lajia, joista ajuruohoruskolude (Rhopalus distinctus) on luokiteltu silmälläpidettäväksi lajiksi. Varsinaisia paahdealueiden ludelajeja havaittiin neljä ja maakunnalle uusia lajeja kaksi. Lisäksi havaittiin yksi äärimmäisen uhanalaisen pikkusinisiiven (Cupido minimus) esiintymä ja kaksi vaarantuneen nunnakirjokoisan (Pyrausta cingulatus) esiintymää. Edustavien paahdealueiden vähäisyys ja pienialaisuus vaikeuttavat paahdelajien selviytymistä Pohjois-Karjalassa.

Open, sun-exposed patches on eskers are important habitats for many plant and invertebrate species. Eskers were surveyed in North Carelia, eastern Finland in summer 2006. Insect samples were collected from 14 representative sites using window and pitfall traps. Thirty-six species of Auchenorrhyncha were observed of which seven species are new to the province, and nine species are indicators of sun-exposed biotopes. Sixty-seven species of Heteroptera were observed, including Rhopalus distinctus (Signoret, 1859) (Rhopalidae), which is classified as Near-Threatened in Finland. Two species are new to the province and four species can be considered indicators of sun-exposed biotopes. In addition, we found one population of Critically Endangered blue butterfly Cupido minimus (Fuessly, 1775) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) and two new populations of Vulnerable butterfly Pyrausta cingulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). The small area and fragmentation of the representive sun-exposed patches on esker forests in North Carelia are likely to threat the survival of species in the future.

Hancock, E. Geoffrey, 2008: Larval habitat preferences in Palaearctic Gnophomyia (Diptera, Limoniidae) with a key to adults. — Sahlbergia 14: 13–16.

New European data are presented that result from rearing Gnophomyia species (Diptera, Limoniidae). Alexander (1920) referred to rearing records of the genus from other zoogeographical regions and indicated that it is unusual for any genus of the Chioneinae, the  Eriopterinae of Coe (1950), to be saproxylic. Larval records of Gnophomyia from the Nearctic are known under bark of mature deciduous trees and a New Zealand species whose larvae developed in decaying detritus at the base of an epiphyte (Alexander, 1920). This latter situation is similar to rot holes, a kind of bacteria-rich soup resulting from the decay of accumulated organic material often including some fermenting plant sap or resin. The neotropics contain the greatest number of Gnophomyia; in the most recent catalogue (Alexander & Alexander, 1970) 91 species are listed. However, there are no published rearing records from any part of that region, indicating the great potential of the tropics to reveal significant quantities of biological data.

Muona, J., Lassila, N. & Brüstle, L. 2008: Hylochares cruentatus (Gyllenhal) Suomessa – haapasepikästä halavasepikäksi (Col., Eucnemidae) [Hylochares cruentatus (Gyllenhal) develops in willows, not aspen in Finland]. — Sahlbergia 14: 17–21.

The biology and habitat requirements of the eucnemid Hylochares cruentatus (Gyllenhal) are described. It breeds in hard surface wood of broken trunks of Bay willow and Dark-leaved willow along regularly flooding small waters with untreated natural vegetation. Former records listing large aspen as the host tree refer to another, undescribed species not present in Finland. The biology is described in detail in the hope of obtaining further records of this rarity.

Karjalainen, S. 2008: Idänkulkusirkka Locusta migratoria (L.) Suomessa. [Locusta migratoria (L.) in Finland]. — Sahlbergia 14: 22–28.

Locusta migratoria (Linnaeus, 1758) is a widely distributed grasshopper species, which migrates to Northern Europe in some years. This paper presents all known records of L. migratoria from Finland. The latest migrations reaching the southern coast of Finland took place in 2000, 2006 and 2007.

Jakovlev, J., Kjærandsen, J. & Viklund, B. 2008: Fungus gnats (Diptera: Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae, Ditomyiidae, Keroplatidae & Mycetophilidae) from Tyresta National Park and Nature Reserve in Sweden. — Sahlbergia 14: 29–52.

Faunistic data on fungus gnats from the boreonemoral, old-growth, pine-dominated forests of Tyresta National Park and the surrounding Nature Reserve are presented. The material was collected with Malaise traps, window traps and coloured pan traps at 15 sites in the years 1997–2003. The Tyresta forest suffered from a 450 ha area wild-fire in 1999, and about half (55%) of the samples originates from newly, partly heavily burnt wild-fire sites. Altogether 248 species are recorded, including 22 species new to Sweden, viz. Symmerus nobilis Lackschewitz, 1937, Orfelia unicolor (Staeger, 1840), Phthinia winnertzi Mik, 1869, Sciophila krysheni Polevoi, 2001, Sciophila modesta Zaitzev, 1982, Sciophila persubtilis Polevoi, 2001, Sciophila setosa Garrett, 1925, Boletina edwardsi Chandler, 1992, Gnoriste harcyniae von Röder, 1887, Allodia (Allodia) anglofennica Edwards, 1921, Allodia (Brachycampta) foliifera (Strobl, 1910), Anatella ankeli Plassmann, 1977, Exechiopsis (Xenexechia) perspicua (Johannsen, 1912), Synplasta pseudingeniosa Zaitzev, 1993, Mycetophila dziedzickii Chandler, 1977, Mycetophila gentilicia Zaitzev, 1999, Mycetophila lubomirskii Dziedzicki, 1884, Phronia distincta Hackman, 1970, Sceptonia regni Chandler, 1991, Sceptonia thaya Sevcik, 2004, Trichonta clavigera Lundström, 1913, and Trichonta subterminalis Zaitzev & Menzel, 1996. Five species (1 Diadocidia, 1 Docosia, 2 Cordyla and 1 Dynatosoma) are regarded as new to science and will be described elsewhere. The species richness and composition fits well the general picture of increasing species diversity towards north when compared with other surveys in the Nordic region. The material shows no significant difference between fire-sites and intact forest with respect to number of specimens caught, but the species composition is quite different. As expected, the highest number of species (185) was found at the undisturbed sites, and 43 species are significantly found to be avoiding the fire sites. Still, attraction of many fungus gnats to wild-fire sites is strongly indicated by a high number of species (151) captured there, of which 37 species are significantly over-represented at such sites. For 201 species (81%) the known larval habitat is given, showing that fungus gnats from Tyresta are dependant upon a rich biota of both epigeal and wood-growing fungi, and on decaying wood, particularly of deciduous trees.

Clayhills, T. 2008. Aleochara haematoptera Kraatz, 1858 (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) found in Finland. – Sahlbergia 14(2): 53.

Aleochara haematoptera was found in Finland in 1997. The locality is an island in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland, and the specimen had undoubtedly arrived by drift.

Silfverberg, H. 2008. Cryptocephalus bameuli Duhaldeborde (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) i Finland. – Sahlbergia 14(2): 54.

Cryptocephalus flavipes F. has been reported from southwestern Finland. A study of specimens kept in the Finnish Museum of Natural History showed that they belong to the recently described C. bameuli.

Suomalaiset Helsingin yliopiston eläinmuseon kokoelmissa olevat Cryptocephalus flavipes F.- lajiksi määritetyt yksilöt (Eura, C.Sahlberg [1800-luku]; Lojo, Krogerus, 23.VI.1919) ovat osoittautuneet kuuluvaksi äskettäin kuvattuun lajiin C. bameuli Duhaldeborde (1999). C. flavipes-lajia ei siis liene tavattu Suomesta.

Silfverberg, H. 2008. Lamprobyrrhulus nitidus (Coleoptera, Byrrhidae) inte känd från Finland. [Lamprobyrrhulus nitidus (Coleoptera, Byrrhidae) not known from Finland]. – Sahlbergia 14(2): 55.

Lamprobyrrhulus nitidus (Schaller, 1783) has been listed from Finland. No corresponding specimens could be found, and the listing is apparently based on an error in an earlier catalogue.

Vikberg, V. & Koponen, M. 2008: Coccophagus (Polycoccophagus) insidiator Dalman, 1826 (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Aphelinidae), a Trans-Palaearctic aphelinid species developing in Eulecanium species (Homoptera, Coccidae). -  Sahlbergia 14(2): 56-59.

Coccophagus insidiator (Dalman, 1826) (= C. aterrimus Vikberg, 1966, syn. nov.; = Coccophagus stepanovi Sugonjaev & Pilipyuk, 1972, syn. nov.) This aphelinid species has Trans-Palaearctic distribution and all confirmed hosts are species of Eulecanium (Homoptera, Coccidae). It is shown that many published records of Coccophagus insidiator are misidentifications.

Vikberg, V. 2008: Eupelmus (Episolindelia) fuscipennis Förster kasvatettu vuorilaulukaskaan Cicadetta montana (Scopoli) munastosta Etelä-Suomessa (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eupelmidae) [Eupelmus (Episolindelia) fuscipennis Förster reared from egg batch of Cicadetta montana (Scopoli) in southern Finland (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eupelmidae)] – Sahlbergia 14(2): 60-67.

Two males and three females of Eupelmus fuscipennis Förster, 1860 were reared from an egg batch of Cicadetta montana (Scopoli) (Homoptera, Cicadidae) in a plant stalk in V [= Varsinais-Suomi]: Pohja – Pojo [Uniform grid reference 27*E 6669:3309] in autumn 2006 by E. Vuorinen. The eupelmid species was earlier known in Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Russia (European part; Daghestan), Slovakia and Spain but this is the first rearing of the species from a cicadid host. The female and male are described based on reared Finnish specimens, the male of the species for the first time. Some figures of the female were drawn, and photos of both sexes are presented.

Koponen, Martti, Jussila, Reijo & Vikberg, Veli, 2008: Suomen loispistiäisluettelo (Hymenoptera, Parasitica). Osa 6. heimo Ichneumonidae, alaheimot Phrudinae, Mesochorinae, Metopiinae, Acaenitinae, Oxytorinae, Collyriinae, Orthopelmatinae, Orthocentrinae s. lat. ja Diplazontinae. [A check list of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 6. family Ichneumonidae, subfamilies Phrudinae, Mesochorinae, Metopiinae, Acaenitinae, Oxytorinae, Collyriinae, Orthopelmatinae, Orthocentrinae and Diplazontinae.] - Sahlbergia 14(2): 68-95.

This 6th part of our checklist contains subfamilies Phrudinae, Mesochorinae, Metopiinae, Acaenitinae, Oxytorinae, Collyriinae, Orthopelmatinae, Microleptinae, Orthocentrinae and Diplazontinae with 371 species from present-day Finland.

The species Cidaphus alarius (Gravenhorst, 1829) is deleted from Finnish fauna.

The following 22 speciesare reported as new to Finland: Astiphromma hamulum (Thomson, 1886), Astiphromma pictum (Brischke, 1880), Astiphromma striatum (Brischke, 1880), Mesochorus curvicauda Thomson, 1886, Mesochorus femoralis Brischke, 1880, Mesochorus fuscicornis Brischke, 1880, Mesochorus petiolaris Brischke, 1880, Mesochorus plumosus Dasch, 1971, Mesochorus zygaenae Schwenke, 1999, Trieces facialis (Thomson, 1887), Exochus fletcheri Bridgman, 1884, Exochus quadrimaculatus Schmiedeknecht, 1924, Exochus separandus Schmiedeknecht, 1924, Exochus thomsoni Schmiedeknecht, 1924, Mesoclistus rufipes (Gravenhorst, 1829), Collyria trichophthalma (Thomson, 1877), Eusterinx jugorum (Strobl, 1901), Orthocentrus longicornis Holmgren, 1858, Orthocentrus radialis Thomson, 1897, Orthocentrus strigatus Holmgren, 1858, Stenomacrus molestus (Holmgren, 1856), and Stenomacrus vafer (Holmgren, 1856).

Square brackets [ ] are used to denote species and references which were collected and reported only from areas which were ceded to the USSR after the war and are thus not part of the territory of present-day Finland. 3 species earlier reported only from the areas, are now part of Russia, are reported as new to the present-day Finland: Stenomacrus celer (Holmgren, 1856), Diplazon neoalpinusZwakhals, 1979 = Campocraspedon alpinus (Holmgren, 1858), and Promethes nigriventris (Thomson, 1890).

Tässä loispistiäisluettelomme kuudennessa osassa, joka on laadittu samaan tapaan kuin edelliset osat (Koponen ym. 1995, 2000a, 2000b, 2000c, 2003), on nyky-Suomen alueelta alaheimoista Phrudinae 8, Mesochorinae 63, Metopiinae 64, Acaenitinae 6, Oxytorinae 2, Collyriinae 2, Orthopelmatinae 2, Orthocentrinae s. lat. 168 ja Diplazontinae 56 eli yhteensä 371 lajia. 1 laji on poistettu Suomesta. 21 lajia on Suomelle ja 3 nyky-Suomelle uusia. Suomelle uudet lajit on merkitty tähdellä (*). Hakasulkeissa on lajit ja kirjallisuusviitteet, jotka koskevat Neuvostoliitolle luovutettuja alueita.

Kirjallisuuden lisäksi on käytetty hyväksi kokoelmia, kuten tämän luettelon aikaisemmissakin osissa. Helsingin yliopiston Soveltavan biologian laitoksen kokoelmat (DABH), joiden joukossa on V. J. Karvosen kokoelma (VJK), on siirretty Luonnontieteelliseen keskusmuseoon. Lajeja on tarkistettu myös Reijo Jussilan (RJ), Martti Koposen (MK) ja Veli Vikbergin (VV) kokoelmista.

Saksalainen Arnold Förster (1810-1884) julkaisi ikneumonidikirjoituksensa Foerster nimellä. Käytämme jatkossa auktorinimeä Förster kuten Dathe & al. 2001 ja Yu & al. 2005.


Vuosikerta 15 (2009)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Toinen Camptoptera-laji Suomesta (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Mymaridae)

Koponen, M. 2009: Toinen Camptoptera-laji Suomesta (Hymenoptera, Mymaridae) [Second Camptoptera species from Finland]. – Sahlbergia 15(1): 1. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Camptoptera aula Debauche, 1948 is reported as new to Finland.

Havaintoja Suomelle uusista, hävinneistä, uhanalaisista ja silmälläpidettävistä myrkky- ja sahapistiäislajeista

Paukkunen*, J., Söderman, G., Leinonen, R., Pöyry, J., Raekunnas, M., Teräs, I., Viita­saari, M. & Vikberg, V. 2009. Havaintoja Suomelle uusista, hävinneistä, uhanalaisista ja silmälläpidettävistä myrkky- ja sahapistiäislajeista. [Records of new and redlisted aculeate wasps, ants, bees and sawflies from Finland.] – Sahlbergia 15(1): 2-20. Hel­sinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Twenty-four species and one subspecies of Hymenoptera Aculeata and Symphyta are recorded new to the Finnish fauna: the cuckoo wasps Chrysis corusca Valkeila, Chrysis insperata Chevrier, Chrysis leptomandibularis Niehuis and Chrysis mediata Linsenmaier (s. str.), the ants Myrmica vandeli Bondroit and Lasius sabularum (Bon­droit), the spider wasp Arachnospila alvarabnormis Wolf, the digger wasps Psenulus schencki (Tournier), Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila and Crabro ingricus (F. Morawitz), the bees Hylaeus paulus Bridwell, Andrena bluethgeni Stoeckhert, Halictus leucah­eneus Ebmer, Osmia bicolor (Schrank), Osmia bicornis (Linnaeus), Osmia svenssoni Tkalců, Coelioxys alata Förster, Nomada ferruginata (Linnaeus) and Nomada suc­cincta Panzer, and the sawflies Tenthredo temula Scopoli, Macrophya teutona (Pan­zer), Cladius ulmi (Linnaeus), Hoplocampa flava (Linnaeus), Hoplocampa fulvicornis (Panzer) and Paranematus wahlbergi wahlbergi (Thomson). Additionally, new records of 82redlisted aculeate and sawfly species are given.

Nippocryptus quadriannulatus (Gravenhorst, 1829) ja Cryptus fibulatus Gravenhorst, 1829 Suomesta (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae)

Koponen, M. & Jussila, R. 2009: Nippocryptus quadriannulatus (Gravenhorst, 1829) ja Cryptus fibulatus Gravenhorst, 1829 Suomesta (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae). [Nippocryptus quadriannulatus (Gravenhorst, 1829 and Cryptus fibula­tus Gravenhorst, 1829 in Finland]. – Sahlbergia 15(1): 21-22. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Two Cryptinae species are reported as new to Finland. Nippocryptus quadriannulatus (Gravenhorst, 1829) was reported earlier as a parasitoid of Gilpinia polytoma (Hartig, 1834). Apparently this report was based on a wrong determination of Cryptus fibulatus Gravenhorst, 1829.

An annotated check list of Swedish black fungus gnats (Diptera, Sciaridae)

Heller, K., Vilkamaa, P. & Hippa, H. 2009: An annotated check list of Swedish black fungus gnats (Diptera, Sciaridae). – Sahlbergia 15(1): 23-51. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Species of Sciaridae (Diptera) currently known from Sweden are listed. The records are based on the identification of recently collected material, beingmainly samples of the Swedish Malaise Trap Project, and on a literature review. Of 286 species presently known from Sweden, 178 are reported for the first time. Cratyna nigerrima (Mohrig & Krivosheina, 1979), Lycoriella (Hemineurina) polaris Mohrig & Mamaev, 1985 and Lycoriella (Hemineurina) subpermutata Mohrig & Mamaev, 1990, are new to Europe. The distribution and ecology of these and 61 other species new to Fennoscandia, are briefly discussed. Bradysia pratincola Tuomikoski, 1960, is regarded as a junior synonym of Bradysia affinis (Zetterstedt, 1838), and the status of Bradysia moestula Tuomikoski, 1960, is restored as a valid species.

Cryptopipiza notabila (Violovitsh, 1985) (Diptera, Syrphidae) new to Finland

Ståhls, G. & Vujić, A. 2009: Cryptopipiza notabila (Violovitsh, 1985) (Diptera, Syr­phidae) new to Finland. --- Sahlbergia 15(2): 1-2. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Cryptopipiza notabila (Violovitsh, 1985) (Diptera, Syrphidae) is reported as new to Finland based on previously overlooked specimens in the collections of the Zoological Museum, Helsinki (MZH). The species is recorded from provinces N, Ka, St and Ks. Additionally, provincial records for a few rarely collected Pipizini are given.

On the taxonomy of Phyllocolpa scotaspis (Förster, 1854) and Phyllocolpa anglica (Cameron, 1877) and notes on the species groups of Phyllocolpa (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae: Nematinae)

Vikberg, V. 2009: On the taxonomy of Phyllocolpa scotaspis (Förster, 1854) and Phyl­locolpa anglica (Cameron, 1877) and notes on the species groups of Phyllocolpa (Hy­menoptera: Tenthredinidae: Nematinae). – Sahlbergia 15(2): 3-13. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The gall making sawflies Phyllocolpa scotaspis (Förster, 1854) and Phyllocolpa angli­ca (Cameron, 1877), treated as synonyms by Kopelke (2007), are valid species, which belong to different species groups. Some characters of the adults and ways of separa­ting the two species are pointed out. Nematus westermanni Thomson, 1863 is regar­ded as a synonym of Phyllocolpa scotaspis. Pontania nigrolineata Cameron, 1879 and Pontania fibulata Konow, 1901 are proposed as new synonyms of Phyllocolpa anglica (Cameron, 1877). Nematus leucapsis Tischbein, 1846 is hereby selected as the type species of Phyllocolpa Benson, 1960. Notes on the names and composition of the spe­cies groups of the genus Phyllocolpa are given.

Koripajulla (Salix viminalis) elää Euroopassa kolme sahapistiäissuvun Phyllocolpa lajia: P. scotaspis (Förster), P. anglica (Cameron) ja P. piliserra (Thomson). Mitään niistä ei ole vielä tavattu Suomesta vaikka ne esiintyvät Leningradin alueella, Baltiassa ja etelä-Ruotsissa. Toukat elävät lehdenkäänteissä tai rullamaisessa äkämässä. Suvun eurooppalaisista lajeista saksalainen tutkija Jens-Peter Kopelke teki vuonna 2007 re­vision. Siinä hän väärin synonymisoi lajit Phyllocolpa scotaspis ja anglica mitkä on kuitenkin helppo erottaa toisistaan koska kuuluvat eri lajiryhmiin. Suvun tyyppilajille Phyllocolpa leucapsis (Tischbein) hän valitsi neotyypin minkä seurauksena lajin käsi­tys muuttui vallan toiseksi kuin aikaisemmin yleisesti käytettiin. Tästä aiheutui harmia myös aiemmin käytettyjen lajiryhmien nimien suhteen.

Suomen loispistiäisluettelo (Hymenoptera, Parasitica) osa 7. heimo Ichneumonidae, alaheimot Alomyinae ja Ichneumoninae

Koponen, Martti, Jussila, Reijo & Vikberg, Veli 2009: Suomen loispistiäisluettelo (Hy­menoptera, Parasitica). Osa 7. heimo Ichneumonidae, alaheimot Alomyinae ja Ichneu­moninae. [A check list of Finnish Hymenoptera, Parasitica, part 7. family Ichneumoni­dae, subfamilies Alomyinae and Ichneumoninae.] - Sahlbergia 15(2): 14-48. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

This seventh and last part of our check list contains the subfamilies Alomyinae and Ichneumoninae (Ichneumonidae) with 453 species from present-day Finland. The total number of species of Ichneumonidae in our lists is (118+201+491+459 +430+371+453) 2523. Twenty-three species are reported as new to Finland: Diadromus collaris (Gravenhorst, 1829), Diadromus intermedius Wesmael, 1845, Aethecerus exilis Wes­mael, 1848, Oronotus binotatus (Gravenhorst, 1829), Phaeogenes trepidus Wesmael, 1845, Eriplatys sawoniewiczi Diller, 1993, Tycherus dodecellae Ranin, 1983, Tycherus vagus (Berthoumieu, 1899), Trachyarus brevipennis Roman, 1918, Linycus flavitarsis (Heinrich, 1936), Asthenolabus stellae (Heinrich, 1936), Pseudoplatylabus violentus (Gravenhorst, 1829), Cyclolabus alpinus (Habermehl, 1917), Virgichneumon maculi­cauda (Perkins, 1953), Barichneumon plagiarius (Wesmael, 1848), Ichneumon anal­isorius Heinrich, 1952, Ichneumon hypolius Thomson, 1888, Ichneumon leucopeltis Thomson, 1888, Ichneumon pseudocaloscelis Heinrich, 1949, Ichneumon stramentor Rasnitsyn, 1981, Coelichneumon atratorius (Villers, 1789), and Coelichneumon big­uttorius (Thunberg, 1789). Ichneumon submarginatus Gravenhorst, 1829 is new to present-day Finland. Coelichneumon atratorius (Villers, 1789) is also new to Finland. Hellén (1951b) reported it as C. multicolor (Gmelin, 1790; homonym) from Russian Karelia but not from Finland (Yu 1999). According to Ranin (1981) specimens report­ed by Karvonen (1978) as Herpestomus wesmaeli Perkins, 1953 were misidentified. Heterischnus anomalus (Wesmael, 1857) was reported from Finland by Hellén (1942), but the report was cancelled later (Hellén 1948). Phaeogenes spiniger (Gravenhorst, 1829) was reported from Finland by Hellén (1948) but cancelled later (Hellén 1957). Ichneumon alpinator Aubert, 1964 = Ichneumon lautareti Hinz, 1984 (synonymized by Hilpert 1992) is not found from Finland although indicated by Yu (1999) and Yu et al. (2005). Specimen of Ichneumon lautareti in MZH is from France (F). Ichneu­mon boreellus Thomson, 1896 was described from Sweden (Hls), not from Finland, as stated by Yu et al. (2005). The holotype of Ichneumon laevibasis Hellén, 1951 is not from Finland but from Russia, Murmansk region, Kola peninsula taken by J. Sahlberg in 1870. Ichneumon rudolphi Holmgren, 1884 was described from Sweden, not from Finland, as stated by Yu ym. (2005). Hls and Hels (Hilpert 1992) means Helsingland (in Sweden) not Helsinki or Helsingfors (in Finland).


Vuosikerta 16 (2010)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Berosus fulvus Kuwert, 1888 (Coleoptera, Hydrophilidae) Suomelle uusi vesikovakuoriaislaji

Valtonen, P. 2010: Berosus fulvus Kuwert, 1888 (Coleoptera, Hydrophilidae) a water­beetle new to Finland. - Sahlbergia 16(1): 1-2. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Berosus fulvus Kuwert, 1888 is reported as new to Finland based on the previously overlooked specimens in the collections of the author and of the Zoological Museum, Helsinki (MZH) both in two other private collections. The species is recorded from the provinces Al and Ab. Additionally, provincial records for Berosus spinosus (Steven, 1808) are given.

Om Linyphia hortensis Sundevall, 1830 (Araneae: Linyphiidae) i Finland

Fritzén, N. R., 2010: On Linyphia hortensis Sundevall, 1830 (Araneae: Linyphiidae) in Finland - Sahlbergia 16(1): 3-4. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Linyphia hortensis was in the early 1900s reported as a common species in the surroundings of Tvärminne Zoological station in southern Finland. There being no documented specimens and the author apparently being unfamiliar with Neriene clathrata, a common species and in appearance rather similar to L. hortensis, the report has been considered a misidentification. The first verified specimen of L. hortensis in Finland was found on the Åland Islands in 2009.

Manota unifurcata Lundström (Diptera: Myceophilidae), a peculiar and scarce fungus gnat species found in Estonia

Kurina, O. 2010: Manota unifurcata Lundström (Diptera: Myceophilidae), a peculiar and scarce fungus gnat species found in Estonia - Sahlbergia 16(1): 5-7. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

The first Estonian record of Manota unifurcata Lundström, 1913 is presented on the basis of a male specimen collected with a Malaise trap from the Alam-Pedja Nature Reserve in 2009. The habitus and male terminalia have been illustrated and the distri­bution data by relevant literature are provided.

Sahapistiäisen Harpiphorus lepidus (Klug) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Tenthredinidae) löydöt pohjois-Euroopassa

Vikberg, V. & Vårdal, H. 2010: Sahapistiäisen Harpiphorus lepidus (Klug) löydöt pohjois-Euroopassa. [Finds of Harpiphorus lepidus (Klug) (Hymenop­tera: Symphyta: Tenthredinidae) in North Europe]. – Sahlbergia 16(1): 8-10, Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Harpiphorus lepidus (Klug, 1818)is recorded from Finland for the first time. A single female was captured in Turku (V = Varsinais-Suomi), Ruissalo on 14.6.2008 (leg. Iiro Kakko). The species is known in South, Central, and East Europe, Turkey, and in North Europe it has been reported from Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Estonia. From Sweden adults have been found in the 19th century from the provinces Bohuslän and Öland. In Estonia one female has been captured in Läänemaa, Puhtu, 29.5.1990, leg. J. Luig (det. M. Heide­maa). Its gregarious larvae sceletonize the leaves of oak (Quercus robur).

Pseudohemitaxonus sharpi (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Tenthredinidae) in Finland

Vikberg, V. 2010: Pseudohemitaxonus sharpi (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Ten­thredinidae) in Finland. – Sahlbergia 16(1): 11-16, Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237-3273.

Pseudohemitaxonus sharpi (Cameron), a rare Transpalaearctic selandriine sawfly, is recorded from Finland for the first time. In 2000-2003 it was found in southern Fin­land, EH (= South Häme), Janakkala, Hangastenmäki. Its host plant and larva were not known with certainty until now. In ovipositing experiments, the females laid eggs into young fronds of Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth (Woodsiaceae) and the larvae fed on the leaves of the fern. The fourth instar larva is described. In 2009 the species was found in another locality in Finland, U (= Uusimaa): Sipoo, Sipoonkorpi (leg. M. Viitasaari).

Pseudohemitaxonus sharpi (Cameron) on harvinainen Selandriinae alaheimon saha­pistiäinen mikä on tunnettu Skotlannista, Englannista, Latviasta, Tšekin tasavallasta ja Hokkaidon saarelta Japanista. Lajin koiraita ja naaraita löytyi touko-kesäkuussa Ja­nakkalan (EH) Hangastenmäen varjoisasta saniaislehdosta vuosina 2000-2003. Muni­tuskokeissa naaras muni hiirenportaan nuoriin, avautumattomiin lehden kärkiosiin ja toukat söivät tämän saniaisen lehtiä. Lajin toukka kuvataan ensi kertaa. Laji on Suo­men faunalle uusi, sen ravintokasvi ja toukka ovat olleet tuntemattomia. Toukokuussa 2009 laji löytyi Sipoon (U) Sipoonkorvesta (leg. M. Viitasaari).

On the identity of Pseudotorymus militaris (Boheman, 1834) and Pseudotorymus parellinus (Boheman, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Torymidae)

Vikberg, V. & Askew, R. R. 2010: On the identity of Pseudotorymus militaris (Bohe­man, 1834) and Pseudotorymus parellinus (Boheman, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Chalci­doidea: Torymidae). – Sahlbergia 16(1): 17–23, Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

The specimens of Pseudotorymus militaris (Boheman, 1834) in the collections of C. G. Thomson in Zoological Institute, Lund and of C. H. Boheman in Naturhistoriska Riks­museet, Stockholm were studied. A lectotype was selected and designated for Pseudo­torymus parellinus (Boheman, 1834) from Västergötland, Sweden. The same female was designated as a neotype for Pseudotorymus militaris. This made both species ob­jective synonyms. Other females of P. militaris examined were from provinces Skåne, Öland, Västergötland, Bohuslän, Dalarna and southern Swedish Lapland. Pseudoto­rymus bollinensis Askew, 2002 is closely related to P. militaris; it is a parasitoid of a species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) living in seed capsules of Geranium pratense. The biology of P. militaris is unknown.

Suvun Pseudotorymus Masi (= Holaspis Mayr) lajit ovat pieniä, 2–3 mm pitkiä kii­lukaisia joiden toukat elävät etupäässä äkämäsääskien toukissa. Kahden vanhan lajin yksilöt tutkittiin C. G. Thomsonin kokoelmasta Lundista ja C. H. Bohemanin koko­elmasta Tukholmasta. Pseudotorymus parellinus (Boheman, 1834) lajille valittiin lektotyyppi Länsigöötanmaalta ja samasta naarasyksilöstä tehtiin neotyyppi suvun tyyppilajille P. militaris (Boheman, 1834). Tämä teki lajeista toistensa objektiivisia synonyymejä. Ruotsissa P. militaris lajia löytyi Skoonesta eteläiseen Lappiin saakka. Englannista on kuvattu läheinen laji P. bollinensis Askew, 2002 minkä toukka elää ky­läkurjenpolven (Geranium pratense) hedelmän äkämäsääsken toukissa. P. militaris la­jin isäntää ei vielä tunneta. Kasvatukset ovat tärkeitä jotta lajien tuntomerkit selviävät kunnolla.

Larva of Macrophya teutona (Panzer) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Tenthredinidae)

Vikberg, V. 2010: Larva of Macrophya teutona (Panzer) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Tenthredinidae). – Sahlbergia 16(1): 24–26. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

The larva of Macrophya teutona (Panzer, 1799)is described for the first time. Larvae were found in Finland, EH (=South Häme), Janakkala, Turenki in 2008 and 2009 on Euphorbia esula and E. cyparissias. Some females were reared from both hostplants.

Lehtipistiäinen Macrophya teutona tunnetaan laajalta alueelta Etelä- ja Keski-Euroo­pasta. Etelä-Norjasta se julkaistiin vuonna 2005, ja Etelä-Suomesta laji todettiin vuon­na 2008 kolmesta maakunnasta (V, U, EH). Toukan ravintokasviksi osoittautui kent­tätyräkki (Euphorbia cyparissias), kun Itävallassa kasvatettiin naaraita tältä kasvilta. Toukkia löytyi kesällä 2008 Janakkalan Turengissa ja Turun Kakskerrassa kenttäty­räkiltä ja Turengissa myös tarhatyräkiltä (Euphorbia esula) ja vuonna 2009 Turengis­sa molemmilta tyräkkilajeilta. Jokunen naaras kasvatettiin myös toukista molemmilta kasveilta. Toukat syövät ravintokasvin lehtiä ja kukintoja. Lajin täysikasvuinen toukka kuvataan nyt ensi kertaa. Vaalea, harmahtavan vihreä toukka on helppo tunnistaa kos­ka se on Suomessa ainoa tyräkkiä syövä sahapistiäistoukka. Lajin esiintyminen onkin helpointa todeta haavimalla toukkia ravintokasvilta.

Enumeratio renovata Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae

Silfverberg, H. 2010. Enumeratio renovata Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae. – Sahlbergia 16(2): 1–144. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

A new check list of Northern European Coleoptera is presented. Changes to the pre­vious one bring this list closer to the recently published Palaearctic catalogues, and include new distributional information for numerous species.


Vuosikerta 17 (2011)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Idänkulkusirkan Locusta migratoria (L.) vaellus Suomeen kesällä 2010

Karjalainen, S. 2011: Idänkulkusirkan Locusta migratoria (L.) vaellus Suomeen kesäl­lä 2010 [Migration of Locusta migratoria (L.) reached Finland in the summer of 2010]. - Sahlbergia 17(1): 4–7. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

A migration of Locusta migratoria (L.) reached Finland in the summer of 2010. More than 20 records were made in this summer, which more than doubles the records ever made in Finland. Most observations were made on the southern coast. The northern­most record was made near Oulu, in Siikajoki. L. migratoria was observed also in Sweden, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 2010.

An interesting Cleruchus sp. (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) from bracket fungi on aspen in Karelia, Russia

Triapitsyn, S. V., Vikberg, V. and Martikainen, P. 2011: An interesting Cleruchus sp. (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) from bracket fungi on aspen in Karelia, Russia. - Sahlber­gia 17(1): 8–10. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

A long series of a fairyfly wasp belonging to the genus Cleruchus (Hymenoptera My­maridae) was collected from the bracket (polypore) fungi Trametes ochracea and Bjerkandera adusta on aspen, Populus tremula, in Kivach, Karelia, Russia. Taxonom­ic notes are provided on this species, whose female and male are illustrated. It is found to be very similar to, yet slightly different from, C. polypori from the Netherlands.

Kivatsun luonnonsuojelualueelta Venäjän Karjalasta kasvatettiin kahdesta kääpälajista (Trametes ochracea ja Bjerkandera adusta) haavan rungolta pitkä sarja Cleruchus -su­vun hiukepistiäistä (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae). Tämän lajin taksonomiaa käsitellään artikkelissa ja lajin naaraasta ja koiraasta esitetään mikroskooppivalokuvia. Laji poik­keaa vain vähän aikaisemmin Hollannista kuvatusta lajista Cleruchus polypori.

Koivujungin ja punajungin kasvatuksia Etelä-Suomessa (Hymenoptera: Xiphydriidae)

Vikberg, V., Vilén, J. & Kakko, I. 2011: Koivujungin ja punajungin kasvatuksia Etelä-Suomessa (Rearings of Xiphydria camelus (Linnaeus) and X. prolongata (Geoffroy) in southern Finland) (Hymenoptera: Xiphydriidae). – Sahlbergia 17(1): 11–15. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Xiphydriophagus meyerinckii (Ratzeburg) (Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae) was reared in South Häme on eastern shore of the lake Päijänne from Xiphydria camelus. This is the second observation of the species and the first rearing in Finland. Xiphydria prolongata was reared in South Häme from Ulmus laevis, Salix pentandra and Salix caprea. It is a more common species in southern Finland than thought earlier. Near the Biological Station of Lammi many specimens were reared from old Salix caprea together with its parasitoid Coeloides rossicus (Kokujev) (Ichneumonoidea, Braconidae) of which 7 fe­males 17 males emerged. This is the first rearing of the parasitoid in Finland, and only few females have been captured before in Finland.

Koivujungin kasvatuksesta Etelä-Hämeestä Päijänteen itärannalla syntyi 8 naarasta ja 6 koirasta kiilukaislajia Xiphydriophagus meyerinckii (Ratzeburg) (Chalcidoidea: Pte­romalidae). Se on lajin toinen havainto ja ensimmäinen kasvatus Suomesta. Punajunki kasvatettiin Etelä-Hämeessä kynäjalavasta, halavasta ja raidasta. Se ei ole niin harvi­nainen laji jona sitä on pidetty. Lajista saatiin Lammin raitakasvatuksen yhteydessä vai­nopistiäisen Coeloides rossicus (Kokujev) 7 naarasta ja 17 koirasta. Tätä lajia ei ole aikaisemmin kasvatettu Suomessa ja kaikki aikaisemmat löydöt ovat olleet naaraita.

Malaise-rysillä kerätty näyte paarmoista ( Diptera: Tabanidae) Pohjois-Suomesta vuonna 2007

Laasonen, E.M., Laasonen, L. & Salmela J. 2011: Tabanidae (Diptera) from northern Finland caught by Malaise traps in the year 2007. – Sahlbergia 17(1): 16–21 Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Malaise traps were used to collect insect samples in 29 places in northern Finland. In all, 64 samples were available to studies for Tabanidae, and in 33 of them these flies were found and determined. A Table of these finds is presented, as this is to our knowledge the first systematic field survey of Finnish tabanids published. Virtually all the species determined are common in Finland, or at least common in Finnish Lapland like Hybomitra sexfasciata (Hine,1923). Even Chrysops sepulcralis (Fabricius,1794) and Hybomitra montana ssp. montana (Meigen, 1820) – earlier regarded as uncom­mon in Lapland – were well represented in this material. Hybomitra arpadi (Szila­dy,1923) was found as new for the biogeographical province Kainuu - Kn: Suomus­salmi, Toskanoja 23.6 – 29.7 2007, 2 females. The placement of Malaise trap seems to be of utmost importance, when many of them did not catch Tabanidae at all, but the best trap caught 114 specimens. Perhaps the localities of Malaise traps were also very suitable for the two species mentioned, C. sepulcralis and H. m. montana.

Conura xanthostigma (Dalman, 1820) Suomessa (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae)

Koponen, M., Ketola, P., & Karhu, A. 2011: Conura xanthostigma (Dalman, 1820) Suomessa (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae). [Conura xanthostigma (Dalman, 1820) in Fin­land (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae)]. – Sahlbergia 17(1): 22–23. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

In the 2010 Red List of Finnish Species Conura xanthostigma (Dalman, 1820) is con­sidered endangered (EN). In 2010 two new finds were made in Finland. These and all known previous finds are presented with text and a distribution map.

Hapsijäärän Necydalis major Linné (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) kasvatuksia Etelä-Suomessa

Vikberg, V. & Vilén, J. 2011: Hapsijäärän kasvatuksia Etelä-Suomessa (Rearings of Necydalis major Linné (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in southern Finland. – Sahlbergia 17(1): 24–27. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Specimens of the cerambycid species Necydalis major were reared in South Häme: Hä­meenlinna, Aulanko from the trunk of a white willow (Salix alba), in South Savo: Lap­peenranta, Monnonmäki from a rotten aspen (Populus tremula), and in Hämeenlinna, Lammi from the trunk of a small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata). One female and one male of Coleocentrus caligatus (Gravenhorst) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Acaenitinae) were reared together with Necydalis major in Monnonmäki and Lammi respectively. These are the first rearings of this large ichneumonid from Necydalis.

Hapsijäärä kasvatettiin Hämeenlinnan Aulangolla valkosalavan rungosta, Lappeenrannan Monnonmäessä lahosta haavasta, ja Hämeenlinnan Lammilla metsälehmuksen rungosta. Monnonmäestä haapakasvatuksen yhteydessä hapsijäärän loisena kasvatettiin yksi lois­pistiäisen Coleocentrus caligatus (Gravenhorst) (Ichneumonidae: Acaenitinae) naaras. Lammin Biologisen aseman lehdosta metsälehmuksen rungosta kasvatettiin hapsijäärien ohella saman loispistiäisen yksi koiras. Nämä ovat ensimmäiset hapsijäärästä kasvatetut lajin yksilöt maailmassa. Koiras on ehkä Suomen ensimmäinen koiras.

Parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera) reared from two polypore fungi on aspen in Kivach, the Karelian Republic of Russia

Vikberg, V. and Martikainen, P. 2011: Parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera) reared from two polypore fungi on aspen in Kivach, the Karelian Republic of Russia. – Sahlbergia 17(1): 28–31. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

A sample of two polypore species (Trametes ochracea and Bjerkandera adusta) on as­pen was taken on 21.5.1998 in Kivach, Karelia, Russia for rearing. Seven species of Co­leoptera (Agathidium pisanum [Leiodidae], Orthoperus punctatus [Corylophidae], Cis boleti, C. submicans, C. fissicornis, Octotemnus glabriculus and Sulcacis fronticornis [Ciidae]) were obtained, and in addition seven species of small parasitoid wasps also emerged: two braconid species (Meteorus cis and Aphaereta scaptomyzae), two ptero­malid species (Janssoniella sp. and Plutothrix sp.), one euderine eulophid species (As­tichus sp.) and two mymarids (Camptoptera foersteri and Cleruchus sp.). All parasitoid wasps, except Aphaereta scaptomyzae, are previously known to be parasitoids on spe­cies of Ciidae.

Keväällä 1998 otettiin kasvatusta varten Kivatsun luonnonsuojelualueella Venäjän Kar­jalassa pinovyökääpä (Trametes ochracea)- ja tuhkakääpänäyte (Bjerkandera adusta) haavan rungolta. Kasvatuksessa syntyi seitsemän kovakuoriaislajia: Agathidium pisa­num (Leiodidae), Orthoperus punctatus (Corylophidae) ja viisi kääpiäislajia: Cis boleti, C. submicans, C. fissicornis, Octotemnus glabriculus ja Sulcacis fronticornis (Ciidae) ja niiden ohella seitsemän loispistiäislajia: kaksi vainokaislajia (Meteorus cis ja Aphaereta scaptomyzae), kaksi pteromalidia (Janssoniella sp. ja Plutothrix sp.), yksi euderini (As­tichus sp.) ja kaksi hiukepistiäistä (Camptoptera foersteri and Cleruchus sp.). Näistä 6 lajia on aiemmin todettu olevan kääpiäisten loisia ja yksi laji (Aphaereta scaptomyzae) elää pienten kärpästen toukissa.

Lisäyksiä Suomen ja muun länsipalearktisen alueen Mesochorus-lajistoon (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Mesochorinae)

Jussila, R. 2011: Lisäyksiä Suomen ja muun länsipalearktisen alueen Mesochorus-lajistoon (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Mesochorinae). – Sahlbergia 17(1): 32–55. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Suomen faunalle ilmoitetaan 33 uutta ahmaspistiäislajia: Mesochorus aculeus Schwenke, M. alpigenus Strobl, M. albionis Schwenke, M. anthracinus Kriechbaumer, M. aranealis Schwenke, M. bipartitus Schwenke, M. boreus Schwenke, M. bulgaricus Schwenke, M. carinatus Schwenke, M. declinans Habermehl, M. dilobatus Schwenke, M. diluvius Schwenke, M. discitergus (Say), M. flexus Schwenke, M. frigidus Schwen­ke, M. fulgurans Horstmann, M. lariceatus Schwenke, M. laricis Hartig, M. luridipes Schwenke, M. maximus Schwenke, M. mellis Schwenke, M. opacus Schwenke, M. pungens Schwenke, M. rubeculus Schwenke, M. salicis Thomson, M. sedis Schwenke, M. skaneus Schwenke, M. solus Schwenke, M. sternalis Schwenke, M. tenthredinidis Schwenke, M. tenuiscapus Thomson, M. tipularis Schwenke ja M. triangulus Schwen­ke. Lisäksi kerrotaan maastamme jo aikaisemmin tavatusta lajista Mesochorus suo­miensis Schwenke.

Ruotsille uusina lajeina ilmoitetaan Mesochorus bipartitus Schwenke, M. declinans Habermehl, M. diluvius Schwenke, M. flexus Schwenke ja M. solus Schwenke, Nor­jalle M. alpigenus Strobl, Virolle M. bipartitus Schwenke, M. carinatus Schwenke, M. declinans Schwenke, M. diluvius Schwenke, M. flexus Schwenke, M. sternalis Schwenke, M. solus Schwenke ja M. tipularis Gravenhorst, Irlannille M. discitergus (Say) ja M. rubeculus Schwenke, Hollannille M. maximus Schwenke, Ranskalle M. aranealis Schwenke, M. fulgurator Horstmann ja M. mellis Schwenke sekä Madeiralle M. cinctus Strobl.

Uusia synonyymejä ovat Mesochorus cinctus Schwenke lajille bipartitus Schwenke ja M. orbis Schwenke lajille mellis Schwenke. Koiras on ilmoitettu ensimmäisen kerran lajeille Mesochorus bipartitus Strobl, M. boreus Schwenke, M. mellis Schwenke, M. sternalis Schwenke ja M. triangulus Schwenke.

The occurrence of Eutomostethus ephippium (Panzer) and E. nigrans (Konow) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Tenthredinidae) in Northern Europe

Vikberg V., Vårdal H., & Lønnve O.J. 2011: The occurrence of Eutomostethus ephip­pium (Panzer) and E. nigrans (Konow) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Tenthredinidae) in Northern Europe. – Sahlbergia 17(1): 56–78. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

The specimens of Eutomostethus ephippium (Panzer) and E. nigrans (Konow) were ex­amined in Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish collections of sawflies, and data of them was gathered from Denmark, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Russia. The occurrence of both species is shown in the 50-squares of the UTM grid maps. E. ephippium is widely distributed in North Europe: it is found in all studied countries. From Finland 778 fe­males of E. ephippium were found. They are from the biogeographical provinces Åland, Varsinais-Suomi, Uusimaa, South Karelia, Satakunta, South Häme, South Savo, Lado­ga Karelia, South Ostrobothnia, North Häme, North Savo, North Karelia, Central Os­trobothnia, Kainuu, Oulu Ostrobothnia and Koillismaa. Eutomostethus nigrans is found in Denmark (only old specimens in collections), Norway and Sweden. In addition one female of E. nigrans has been captured in Finland: Varsinais-Suomi, Raasepori, Fiskars, 25.6.1908 (leg. R. Frey). From Norway E. nigrans has been collected from 34 localities in 11 fylkes and its area appears larger than that of E. ephippium. The males recorded earlier from Norway could not be found, and their identification is possibly not cor­rect; the male of the species is unknown. In Sweden the two species occur about equal­ly frequently, and they have the same distribution area. E. ephippium is known from Skåne, Halland, Småland, Öland, Östergötland, Västergötland, Närke, Södermanland, Uppland, Dalarna, Gästrikland and Ångermanland. E. nigrans is known from Skåne, Småland, Gotland, Östergötland, Bohuslän, Närke, Södermanland, Uppland, Värmland, Dalarna, Gästrikland and Ångermanland. No males of either species were found in Fin­land and Sweden, and the earlier identified males proved to be misidentified and be­longed to Stethomostus fuliginosus (Schrank) or S. funereus (Klug).

Hammerschmidtia ingrica Stackelberg, 1952 – Inkerinmahlanen Suomesta (Diptera, Syrphidae)

Kerppola, S. 2011: Hammerschmidtia ingrica Stackelberg, 1952 – Inkerinmahlanen Suomesta (Diptera, Syrphidae). – Sahlbergia 17(2): 2–4. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Hoverfly species Hammerschmidtia ingrica Stackelberg, 1952 is reported as new to Finland on the basis of one male and a copula collected in 2011 by net. They were found on military island Santahamina which belongs to the eastern archipelago in Helsinki. The distribution of the species is now from Finland, European part of Russia and on through Siberia almost to the Pacific.

Helsingin Vanhankaupunginlahden ja reuna-alueiden kukkakärpäset (Diptera, Syrphidae)

Kerppola, S. 2011: Helsingin Vanhankaupunginlahden ja reuna-alueiden kukkakärpäset (Diptera, Syrphidae). – Sahlbergia 17(2): 5–19. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

The local fauna of hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae) in the study area Helsinki Vanhankaupunginlahti and its fringe areas is presented. In total, 210 species have been recorded. This number represents almost 60 % of the total number, 357, of hoverfly species recorded in Finland. Nine species with photos included are new to the Finnish fauna: Pipiza festiva Meigen, 1822, Chrysogaster virescens Loew, 1854, Epistrophe diaphana (Zetterstedt, 1843), Epistrophe olgae Mutin, 1999 , Heringia latitarsis (Egger, 1865), Leucozona inopinata Doczal, 2000, Parasyrphus proximus Mutin, 1990 and Triglyphus primus Loew, 1840. Nine further species are redlisted species (Rassi eds. 2010) in Finland. Comments on some rare species are provided. They are marked by asterisk in Table 1.

Taxonomic notes on Caraphractus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae)

Triapitsyn, S. V. Taxonomic notes on Caraphractus (Hymenoptera, Mymaridae). – Sahlbergia 17 (2): 20–29. ISSN 1237–3273.

Taxonomic notes on the Holarctic fairyfly genus Caraphractus Walker, 1846 (Hy­menoptera: Chalcidoidea: Mymaridae) and its only recognized species C. cinctus Wal­ker, 1846 are given. Caraphractus flavicollis Hellén, 1974 (Finland) is synonymized under C. cinctus. A lectotype is designated for C. reductus Rimsky-Korsakov, 1920, also a synonym of C. cinctus. Caraphractus hazomanitrae Risbec, 1952 (Madagas­car), for which a lectotype is designated, is transferred to Acmopolynema Ogloblin, 1946 as A. hazomanitrae (Risbec), syn. n. Camptoptera perineti (Risbec, 1952) (Ma­dagascar, originally described as Stichothrix perineti) is synonymized under A. hazo­manitrae.

Kukkakärpäsiä (Diptera: Syrphidae) Malaise-rysin Pohjois-Suomesta vuonna 2007

Laasonen, E.M., Laasonen, L. & Salmela J. 2011: Syrphidae (Diptera) from northern Finland caught by Malaise traps in the year 2007. – Sahlbergia 17 (2): 30–37. ISSN 1237–3273.

Malaise traps were used to collect insect samples from 42 places - with two service visits each - in northern Finland from Kainuu to Inari Lapland. Syrphids occurred alto­gether in 60 samples, of which we determined 796 specimens representing 87 species. In comparable places with two visits most specimens, 70 % of the total catch, were ob­served during the first collection period from early June to about 20th July. Traps that were placed in the arcto-alpine region among alpine heaths and meadows, mountain birch forests or rich fens harbored most of the collected specimens. Syrphys ribesii (74 exx.) was dominant in the catches, followed by Parasyrphus tarsatus (70 exx.), Mela­nostoma scalare (65 exx.) and Scaeva selenitica (39 exx.). None of the species were present in all traps, Scaeva selenitica was found most often, in 16 traps, and 27 species occurred as singletons in the studied material. There were 12 new provincial records (KiL four, Kn four, Le two, InL one and PPe one record). Syrphids that were either abundant in the traps or new for any biogeographical province are regarded as rather common and widespread in northern Finland. Some Platycheirus species are held very rare in Finland. However, based on our findings and unpublished records entered into the database at Finnish Museum of Natural History, rarity of P. aeratus, P. latimanus, P. lundbecki, P. subordinatus, P. tarsalis, P. transfugus and P. varipes, should be re-evaluated.

Leppäkauniaisen uudet esiintymät Suomessa (Coleoptera, Buprestidae)

Muona, J. 2011: Leppäkauniaisen uudet esiintymät Suomessa (Coleoptera, Buprestidae). – Sahlbergia 17 (2): 40–41. ISSN 1237–3273.

New records of the endangered jewel-beetle, Dicerca alni, are reported from SW Finland.

Suomelle uusi kirjatäilaji Liposcelis palatina Roesler ja muita mielenkiintoisia havaintoja jäytiäisistä (Psocoptera)

Kanervo, J. 2011: Suomelle uusi kirjatäilaji Liposcelis palatina Roesler ja muita mielenkiintoisia havaintoja jäytiäisistä (Psocoptera). – Sahlbergia 17 (2): 42–45. ISSN 1237–3273.

Pohjoismaiden jäytiäislajisto on kattavasti esitelty Nationalnyckeln –sarjan kirjassa (Svensson & Hall 2010). Tämän kirjan julkaisemisen jälkeen Suomesta on löydetty uutena kirjatäilaji Liposcelis palatina. Suomen faunasta poistetaan väärin määritetty laji Blaste quadrimaculata. Valenzuela gynapterus –lajista on löydetty lyhytsiipinen brachyptera –muoto ja Elipsocus –suvusta muoto E. cf. pumilis, jonka lajistatus on epäselvä. Lisäksi kerrotaan lajien Philotarsus parviceps Roesler ja Peripsocus con­sobrinus Pearman esiintymisestä Suomessa.

Nomada succincta Panzer, 1798 (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Suomelle uusi mesipistiäislaji Vantaalta

Salin, T. 2011: Nomada succincta Panzer, 1798 (Hymenoptera: Apidae), a wasp bee new to Finland. – Sahlbergia 17 (2): 46–51. ISSN 1237–3273.

Nomada succincta Panzer, 1798 is recorded from Finland for the first time. Three spe­cimens (2 males, 1 female) were caught by a net in 2008 from Vantaa. Since then more than 100 specimens were recorded in a small area of eastern Vantaa during the summers of 2009-2011. Most likely the primary host of N. succincta in Finland is An­drena nigroaenea (Kirby, 1802). Individuals of the cleptoparasitic N. succincta were observed to participate the swarming of A. nigroaenea, probably to absorb the smell of the host. One likely copulation of N. succincta was also observed during the swarming event. Nomada goodeniana, a sibling species of N. succincta and earlier suspected to be conspecific with it, was not found among these swarming despite its abundance at the same area. This behavioural difference supports the validity of the species status of both these species.


Vuosikerta 18 (2012)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Blera eoa (Stackelberg, 1928) – Siperiankantopuuhari Suomesta (Diptera, Syrphidae)

Kerppola, S. & Raekunnas, M. 2012: Blera eoa (Stackelberg, 1928) – Siperiankan­topuuhari Suomesta (Diptera, Syrphidae). – Sahlbergia 18(1): 2–5. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Hoverfly species Blera eoa (Stackelberg, 1928) is reported as new to Finland on the basis of one male collected from an old willow trunk (Salix caprea) by netting in 2011. The tree was growing in a ditch on an abandoned meadow nearby a taiga forest close to the Russian border zone. The distribution of this eastern species is now from Sweden, Finland, European part of Russia and on through Siberia to the Kamchatka peninsula. An invasion of hoverfly species from Russia to Finland appears to continue, and some examples are given.

Lyckad övervintring av körsbärsfuks (Nymphalis polychloros (Linnaeus)) på Rosala, Skärgårdshavet, SV Finland (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)

Biström, O. 2012: Lyckad övervintring av körsbärsfuks (Nymphalis polychloros (Lin­naeus)) på Rosala, Skärgårdshavet, SV Finland (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). – Sahlbergia 18(1): 6–7. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

A record of a single specimen of Nymphalis polychloros (L.) is reported from Ab: Ros­ala, Dragsfjärd (Kimitoön)(664:24). The specimen was collected alive 31.3.2012 in an unheated room in connection with a in wintertime, cold kept sauna. This record proves that the species is capable to overwinter in southern Finland.

Mesopolobus incultus (Walker) ja Mesopolobus morys (Walker) todettu Suomesta (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae)

Vikberg, V. and Nieminen, M. 2011: Mesopolobus incultus (Walker) ja Mesopolobus morys (Walker) todettu Suomesta [Mesopolobus incultus (Walker) and Mesopolobus morys (Walker) found in Finland] (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae). – Sahlbergia 18(1): 8–13. ISSN 1237–3273.

Mesopolobus incultus (Walker) and M. morys (Walker) are reported from Finland for the first time. Mesopolobus incultus occurs as a frequent parasitoid of Mecinus pas­cuorum (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) in seeds of Plantago lanceolata in Åland where altogether 4596 specimens were reared in 2000, 2001 and 2009. One female was also reared from the same host and plant in 2011 in South Savo: Savitaipale. Some speci­mens of Mesopolobus morys have been swept in South Finland in Varsinais-Suomi: Salo and Turku, and South Häme: Janakkala.

Suomen rahtukuoriaiset (Coleoptera: Clambidae)

Martikainen, P. & Rutanen, I. 2012. Suomen rahtukuoriaiset (Coleoptera: Clambidae) [The family Clambidae in Finland (Coleoptera)]. – Sahlbergia 18(1):15–22. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Tarkastimme suomalaisten kovakuoriaiskokoelmien ja tutkimusaineistojen rahtukuo­riaishavainnot, yhteensä 2603 yksilöä. Runsain laji oli Clambus punctulum (Beck, 1817) (948 yksilöä), seuraavina Clambus pubescens Redtenbacher, 1849 (722), Clam­bus armadillo (DeGeer, 1774) (207), Clambus lohsei Meybohm, 2004 (117), Clam­bus nigrellus Reitter, 1914 (69) ja Clambus gibbulus (LeConte, 1850) (27). Lisäksi löydettiin yksi Suomeen kulkeutunut Calyptomerus dubius (Marsham, 1802) -yksilö. Suomelle ja koko Pohjois-Euroopalle uusi laji C. lohsei on ollut aiemmin sekoitettuna lajeihin C. pubescens ja C. armadillo. C. lohsei lienee uusi tulokas alueellamme, sillä ensimmäinen löytö Suomesta on vasta vuodelta 1975. Nykyisin lohsei on metsien ylei­sin pitkäkarvainen Clambus-laji. Lajin C. punctulum yksilöiden joukosta löytyi puo­lestaan lukuisia C. gibbulus ja C. nigrellus -yksilöitä. C. gibbulus osoittautui metsäpa­loja suosivaksi lajiksi. Määritysepäselvyyksien vuoksi jouduimme hylkäämään suuren määrän pois heitettyihin yksilöihin perustuvia havaintotietoja. Karjalalle uusia lajeja olivat C. lohsei, C. nigrellus ja C. gibbulus.

We examined available material of Clambidae in Finnish collections and research da­tabases, 2603 individuals in total. The most abundant species was Clambus punctulum (Beck, 1817) (948 individuals), then Clambus pubescens Redtenbacher, 1849 (722), Clambus armadillo (DeGeer, 1774) (207), Clambus lohsei Meybohm, 2004 (117), Clambus nigrellus Reitter, 1914 (69) and Clambus gibbulus (LeConte, 1850) (27). In addition, one imported specimen of Calyptomerus dubius (Marsham, 1802) was found. Clambus lohsei is reported as new to Finland and Northern Europe. Previously it has been mixed with C. pubescens and C. armadillo. C. lohsei has apparently spread to Finland rather recently, as the first individual was collected in 1975. Currently C. lohsei is the most abundant Clambus-species with long pubescence in our forests. Se­veral individuals of C. gibbulus and C. nigrellus were detected among C. punctulum -specimens. Most of the Clambus gibbulus –individuals had been collected in burned forests, indicating that C. gibbulus is a fire-favoured species. C. lohsei, C. nigrellus and C. gibbulus are new to Russian Karelia.

On the identity of Pontania dolichura (Thomson, 1871) and Pontania femoralis (Cameron, 1876) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae: Nematinae)

Vikberg, V. & Malinen, P. 2012: On the identity of Pontania dolichura (Thomson, 1871) and Pontania femoralis (Cameron, 1876) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae: Ne­matinae). – Sahlbergia 18(1): 25–39. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

The lectotype of Pontania dolichura (Thomson, 1871) represents the species which induces galls on Salix lapponum L. Its new synonym is Pontania lapponicola Kopel­ke, 1994, syn. nov. A lectotype is designated for Pontania femoralis (Cameron, 1876); according to the original description the larval food plant of the species is Salix phylicifolia L. Pontania robbinsi Benson, 1935 is an objective synonym of it. New adult characters are presented to separate the two species from each other. Pontania nigricantis Kopelke, 1986, based on the galls on S. myrsinifolia Salisb., is added to the fauna of Finland.

Pontania dolichura -lajiryhmän sahapistiäiset aiheuttavat luonteenomaisia äkämiä pajujen lehtiin: makkaramaisia äkämiä on useimmiten kaksi vierekkäin keskisuonen molemmin puolin ja ne pullistuvat vain yläpinnan puolelle. Ryhmän eri lajit elävät eri pajulajeilla ja yleensä vain yhdellä tai joskus kahdella lähisukuisella lajilla. Laji­ryhmän nimikkolaji Pontania dolichura (Thomson) aiheuttaa äkämiä lapinpajulle (Salix lapponum) ja sitä tavataan Suomessa lähinnä Lapissa (eteläisin löytöpaikka on Salla). Sen uudeksi synonyymiksi tulee Pontania lapponicola Kopelke. Ainoa Etelä-Suomessa tavattava ryhmän laji aiheuttaa äkämiä kiiltopajulle (Salix phylicifolia) ja sen käypä nimi on Pontania femoralis (Cameron). Pontania robbinsi Benson on tämän objektiivinen synonyymi. Läheinen laji Pontania nigricantis Kopelke aikaansaa äkä­mät mustuvallepajulle (Salix myrsinifolia). Sen äkämiä löytyi nyt Kilpisjärven alueelta Suomelle uutena.

Uutta tietoa Suomen sulkukotiloista (Mollusca: Clausiliidae,): isosulkukotilo Macrogastra ventricosa (Draparnaud, 1801), soukkasulkukotilo Ruthenica filograna (Rossmässler, 1836) ja harmaasulkukotilo Bulgarica cana (Held, 1836)

Koivunen, A., Liukko, U-M. & Ormio, H. 2012: Uutta tietoa sulkukotiloista (Clausi­liidae, Mollusca): isosulkukotilo Macrogastra ventricosa (Draparnaud, 1801), soukka­sulkukotilo Ruthenica filograna (Rossmässler, 1836) ja harmaasulkukotilo Bulgarica cana (Held, 1836). – Sahlbergia 18(1): 40–52. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

[Macrogastra ventricosa (Draparnaud, 1801) and Ruthenica filograna (Rossmässler, 1836) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Clausiliidae), two new land snails found in Finland].

The door snails Macrogastra ventricosa (Draparnaud, 1801) and Ruthenica filograna (Rossmässler, 1836), are reported for the first time from Finland. New records of a third door snail species Bulgarica cana (Held, 1836) are given. A population of M. ventricosa was detected in 2006 in Hollola, southern Finland (61°1´N, 25°31´E). 36 specimens were found in a herb-rich spruce forest area with mixture of aspen and other broad-leaved trees. The area is less than 10 hectares. R. filograna was found in 2007 from two forested herb-rich islands in the southwestern (Parainen, 60°18´, 21°28´E) and southern (Porvoo, 60°13´N, 25°58´E) coastal archipelago. The number of shells found was three in Parainen and 64 in Porvoo. B. cana has been known for more than 110 years in one small location in eastern Finland (Lieksa, 63°5´N, 29°48´E), far north of the general range of the species. In the years 2007–2010 two new locations were found in boreal forested hills, four and 11 km from the original location, respectively. A new location of B. cana was detected in 2011 in southern Finland (Sipoo, 60°21´N, 25°21´E), almost 400 km SW from the Lieksa locations. In the 2010 Red List of Fin­nish species M. ventricosa and R. filograna are classified as vulnerable (VU), and B. cana as endangered (EN). General features of the three snail species, their Finnish habitats and other snail species living in the same habitats are given.

Välkekauniaiset Pohjoismaissa (Coleoptera, Buprestidae: Lamprodila spp.)

Muona, J. 2012: Välkekauniaiset Pohjoismaissa (Coleoptera, Buprestidae: Lamprodila spp.) – Sahlbergia 18(2): 2–5. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Lamprodila rutilans (F.), formerly reported from Finland and Norway in Fennoscandia, is deleted from the Finnish fauna. All three specimens known belong to Lamprodila decipiens (Gebler) (= dives Guillb.). The Norwegian records are correct, however. L. decipiens develops in Salix spp., not in Tilia spp. as L. rutilans does. Due to its rarity and saproxylic mode of life combined with a striking appearance, this species is considered endangered in Finland (class EN). Efforts to discover its actual breeding sites and possible measures to secure its future status have to be redirected in light of the corrected identification. With Dirrhagofarsus attenuatus (Mäkl.) and Hylochares cruentatus (Gyll.), L. decipiens belongs to a group of rare beetle species developing exclusively in willows. They highlight the importance of preserving willows as major contributors to biodiversity rather than cleaning them away as useless waste.

Vasenkierteisiä silokotiloita Cochlicopa lubrica (O.F. Müller, 1774) (Mollusca: Cochlicopidae) Tervolassa

Ormio, H. 2012: Vasenkierteisiä silokotiloita Cochlicopa lubrica (O.F.Müller, 1774) (Mollusca: Cochlicopidae) Tervolassa. [Sinistral population of Cochlicopa lubrica (O.F.Müller, 1774) (Mollusca: Cochlicopidae) in Finnish Lapland].– Sahlbergia 18(2): 6–8. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Reverse-coiled specimens of Cochlicopa lubrica (O.F.Müller, 1774) were found from two boreal forest sites in the year 2008 in Tervola, northern Finland (Pukinselkä, 66°13.51′N 25°8.06′E and Raemäki, 66°10.41′N 25°9.61′E). The distance between the two sites is 5.8 km. A litter sample of 0.25 m² in Pukinselkä contained 10 sinistral and 11 dextral shells of C. lubrica (48% sinistral), and in Raemäki 21 sinistral and 64 dextral shells (25% sinistral), correspondingly. Two sinistral Cochlicopa populations have been reported earlier from Siberia.

Sinijalosoukko Suomessa - Agrilus delphinensis/pseudocyaneus? (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)

Muona, J. 2012: Sinijalosoukko Suomessa - Agrilus delphinensis/pseudocyaneus? (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). – Sahlbergia 18(2): 9–13. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Finnish records of Agrilus delphinensis Abeille de Perrin were checked. All specimens belong to Agrilus pseudocyaneus Kiesenwetter. When revising the species-group, Jendek incorrectly reported A. delphinensis from Finland without seeing a specimen. A. pseudocyaneus is a critically endangered (CR) species in Finland. The larvae develop in aspen. Larvae of A. delphinensis develop in willows and the species is pronouncedly southern in its distribution in Europe. The confusion around these species lingers, although the taxonomy and biology have been clarified in the 1990s. The two widely used keys including all Fennoscandian Agrilus species confuse these two species and treat them as one, calling it A. pseudocyaneus. A. pseudocyaneus resembles A. pratensis, but can be easily identified by the wide and robust prosternal process, pure blue elytral colour and at most laterally golden or coppery, medially dark blue to black pronotum. On the average, A. pseudocyaneus is also wider and larger than A. pratensis. Attention is drawn to the fact that several confused cases have been detected from the supposedly well-known Finnish beetle fauna lately. Errors of this type can be avoided by scrutinizing all available information of the species tentatively classified as belonging to classes CR and EN. Proper scientific assessment of the situation requires in depth work and should never be based on recent national lists and handbook information only. International researcher networks and familiarity with the often obscure local scientific journals are essential tools in the process.

Tammikukkajäärän elintavoista Suomessa (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae: Strangalia attenuata L.)

Muona, J. 2012: Tammikukkajäärän elintavoista Suomessa (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae: Strangalia attenuata L.). – Sahlbergia 18(2): 14–16. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

The cerambycid beetle Strangalia attenuata is regarded as critically endangered in Finland. Only one extant population is known. The biology of the species in Finland has not been described and remains poorly known elsewhere. Field-work at the Finnish site revealed that the species developed mainly in stumps of medium-sized oaks. The wood was hard and grey on the outside, slightly rotten and quite dry deeper. The galleries were 4-5 mm wide, round in diameter. packed with fairly fine frass, round excrements and small wooden sticks. The pupal chambers were 15-19 mm long. The exit holes were 3 to 4 mm wide, round, located both on the cut surface and the barkless natural surface of the stumps.

Ahdekaunokin varsien hyönteisten kasvatus kevättalvella 2012 Janakkalassa

Vikberg, V. & Malinen, P. 2012: Ahdekaunokin varsien hyönteisten kasvatus kevättalvella 2012 Janakkalassa. [A rearing of insects from stems of Centaurea jacea in late winter 2012 in Janakkala, southern Finland] – Sahlbergia 18(2): 17–23. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

On 5 January, 2012 a sample of some 30 stems including withered leaves of Centaurea jacea was taken for rearing of insects in South Häme: Janakkala (EUREF grid 67532:83693). Three males and one female of Melanagromyza oligophaga Spencer, 1990 (Diptera: Agromyzidae) were reared for the first time in Finland and it is a species new for our fauna. Centaurea jacea is a new food plant for this oligophagous agromyzid fly. One male of Conioscinella gallarum (Duda) (Diptera: Chloropidae) emerged from stems; one male of the same species was reared from the flowerheads of the plant. Nine other reared species were parasitoid wasps representing five different families of Hymenoptera. As parasitoids of Melanagromyza oligophaga emerged 4 males and 3 females of Bracon sp. (Ichneumonoidea: Braconidae), 11 males and 6 females of Chlorocytus spicatus (Walker) (Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae), and 5 males and 5 females of Diglyphosema conjungens Kieffer (Cynipoidea: Figitidae, Eucoilinae). 7 males and 10 females of Aprostocetus (Ootetrastichus) crino (Walker) (Eulophidae) emerged as probable parasitoids from eggs of plant hoppers or leaf hoppers, although no nymphs of them were observed. The host (an agromyzid?) for reared 5 males and 3 females of Diglyphus chabrias (Walker), and 2 males and 2 females of Diglyphus pusztensis Erdös (Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae) remained unclear. In addition one male of Eurytoma sp. (Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae), one female of Mesopolobus sp. (Pteromalidae), and one female of Pnigalio agraules (Walker) (Eulophidae) emerged from stems.

Vainopistiäinen Macrocentrus bicolor Curtis kasvatettu maalle uutena ja huomioita joistakin suvun muista lajeista Suomessa (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Macrocentrinae)

Vikberg, V. 2012: Vainopistiäinen Macrocentrus bicolor Curtis kasvatettu maalle uutena ja huomioita joistakin suvun muista lajeista Suomessa [Braconid Macrocentrus bicolor Curtis and M. townesi van Achterberg & Haeselbarth new to Finland, with observations on other species] (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Macrocentrinae). – Sahlbergia 18(2): 24–28. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

Macrocentrus bicolor Curtis and M. townesi van Achterberg & Haeselbarth are added to the fauna of Finland. One male and four females of M. bicolor were reared from larvae of Depressaria chaerophylli Zeller (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae: Depressariinae) in Ruoholahti, Helsinki by K. Nupponen. Further records of Macrocentrus bicolor are reported from the southern coast of Finland in the provinces of Åland, Varsinais-Suomi, Uusimaa, and South Karelia. Confirmed findings of M. thoracicus, a species earlier confused with, or considered conspecific with M. bicolor, are from Åland, Uusimaa, South Häme and South Savo. Some females of Macrocentrus townesi have been captured from Åland, Uusimaa, South Karelia and Outer Ostrobothnia. Some new findings of M. gibber Eady & Clark, M. nidulator (Nees) and M. nitens (Nees) from Finland are presented. One small female of M. gibber has been reared in 1921 from cones of Picea abies in Helsinki by R. Forsius. The host and male of the species are unknown.

Bolopus furcatus (Fallén, 1826) (Diptera, Platypezidae) rediscovered in Finland

Ståhls, G., Rättel, E. & Muona, J. 2012: Bolopus furcatus (Fallén, 1826) (Diptera, Platypezidae) rediscovered in Finland. – Sahlbergia 18(2): 29–32. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

The flat-footed fly Bolopus furcatus (Fallén, 1826) (Diptera, Platypezidae) was rediscovered in Finland (Regio aboensis, Raseborg, Billnäs) in 2011, and a second finding was made in 2012 (Ab: Raseborg, Fiskars). The species is monophagous on the bracket fungus Polyporus squamosus. We provide digital images of ovipositing females in association with the host fungus and images of second stage larva.

Euryischia inopinata Masi löydetty Suomesta (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Aphelinidae: Eriaporinae)

Vikberg, V. 2012: Euryischia inopinata Masi löydetty Suomesta [Euryischia inopinata Masi found in Finland](Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Aphelinidae: Eriaporinae). – Sahlbergia 18(2): 34–35. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273.

One female of Euryischia inopinata Masi, 1907 was found on 25.6.1988 in East Finland, North Karelia: Liperi, Honkalampi (V. Vikberg leg.). This is the first record of the species in Finland. The nearest earlier find is from Skåne, S. Sweden.


Vuosikerta 19 (2013)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Talman, R.: Luonnontieteellisen keskusmuseon nilviäiskokoelman historiaa. – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 2–19. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

The history of the Mollusca collection of the Finnish Museum of Natural History (part of the University of Helsinki) from their origin in the mid-19th century up to the present, is reviewed. The information is based on the early annual reports of the Imperial Alexander's University and on the museum accessions reports published in Memoranda SFFF, and on further data in the museum archives and the collections themselves. As the collection was destroyed in the Great Fire of Turku and the University was moved to Helsinki, the Zoological museum began immediately to build new collections with the help of all the most notable scientists in the country. They donated their own collections to the museum and helped collecting new samples. At the same time Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica -society (SFFF) collected their own collections. Both of the collections were located side by side in the main building of the university and were united in 1858. The main idea of the SFFF society was to build the domestic collection as complete as possible. The university was collecting both domestic and exotic samples to the collections. The museum also bought and changed samples with other museums and collectors. During the first century both collections grew steadily, but in the last century the domestic collection has grown more rapidly. The Mollusca collection currently comprises some 50 000 samples (lots), and about half of it is electronically catalogued. It is divided into exotic and domestic (or East Fennoscandian) subcollection. In addition, some parts, such as the material obtained from the Swedish malacologist C. A. Westerlund (1831–1808) and the endemic Madeiran landsnails, are kept as separate entities.

Vilkamaa, R., Heller, K. and Hippa, H.: New species of Sciaridae (Diptera) to the Finnish fauna – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 20–29. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Vilkamaa, P., Heller, K. & Hippa, H.: Forty-six species of Sciaridae (Diptera) are listed as new to the Finnish fauna. Most of the species are known from central Europe, but six are new to Europe. The known distribution of the newly found species and the collecting data for all specimens are given. The current number of sciarid species in Finland is 339.

Tässä kirjoituksessa ilmoitetaan neljäkymmentäviisi Suomen eläimistölle uutta harsosääskilajia. Useimmat lajit on aiemmin tavattu Keski-Euroopasta, mutta kuusi lajia on Euroopalle uusia. Nyt löydetyistä lajeista ilmoitetaan niiden tunnettu levinneisyys sekä yksilöiden keräystiedot. Suomen harsosääskien lajiluku on nyt 339.

Kerppola, S.: Muutoksia Suomen kukkakärpäsfaunaan (Diptera, Syrphidae) – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 30–38. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

The last up-to-date article of the changes of the hoverfly fauna in Finland was revised four years ago (Haarto & Kerppola 2009). Since then many changes have taken place. Five new species to the fauna have been recorded: Blera eoa (Stackelberg, 1928), Hammerschmidtia ingrica Stackelberg, 1952Paragus constrictus Šimić, 1986, Pipiza fasciata Meigen, 1822 and Pipizella obscura Steenis, 2011. Three species, Pipiza lugubris, Sphaerophoria sp. B and Syrphus rectus (Osten-Sacken, 1877) are omitted from the Finnish list. In addition, some nomenclature changes have been made: Pipiza bimaculata Meigen, 1822 is a junior synonym of Pipiza notata Meigen, 1822 (Vujić et al. 2013), Eristalis interrupta (Poda, 1761) is a junior synonym of Eristalis nemorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (Chandler & Mccullough 2004), Eristalis lineata (Harris, 1776) is a junior synonym of Eristalis horticola (De Geer, 1776) (Chandler & Mccullough 2004), Eristalis pseudorupium Kanervo, 1938 is a junior synonym of Eristalis obscura Loew, 1866 (Hippa et al. 2009). Genus Heringia Rondani, 1856 was redefined, as its generic rank was assigned to Neocnemodon Goffe, 1944 stat. n. (Vujić et al 2013). Currently, 358 hoverfly species are recorded in Finland.

Pajunen, T.: Dictyna alaskae Chamberlin et Ivie, 1947 – kannusvarpuhämähäkki Suomessa (Araneae, Dictynidae) – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 38–40. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Dictyna alaskae Chamberlin et Ivie, 1947 (Araneae, Dictynidae) was found in Finland 14th June 2011. One male was swept from dwarf shrubs at Oulankajoki National Park. The species is known from the Holarctic region, and closest to Finland it has been discovered in Sweden. The species is easy to identify by the male pedipalpal structure, more precisely by the backward pointing prominent spur of the conductor.

Siitonen, J.: Three beetle (Coleoptera) species new for Estonia found in Saaremaa Island – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 41–43. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Three Coleoptera species are reported as new for Estonia. Harpalus melancholicus Dejean, 1829 (Carabidae), Falagrioma thoracica (Stephens, 1832) (Staphylinidae), and Tetrops starkii Chevrolat, 1859 (Cerambycidae) were all found in Saaremaa Island, western Estonia, in summer 2012.

Tässä tiedonannossa ilmoitan kolme Virolle uutta kovakuoriaislajia. Maakiitäjäislaji Harpalus melancholicus Dejean, 1829 (Carabidae), lyhytsiipislaji Falagrioma thoracica (Stephens, 1832) (Staphylinidae) ja jäärälaji Tetrops starkii Chevrolat, 1859 (Cerambycidae) löytyivät kaikki Saarenmaalta kesällä 2012.

Silfverberg, H.: What ever happened to Apion (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea)? – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 44–49. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

In the Catalogue of Coleoptera of Northern Europe (Silfverberg (2011) the Apionidae species were included in the large genus Apion, following the local tradition. The Northern Europaean species of Apionidae are listed according to the system followed in the new Palaearctic catalogue. The Palaearctic catalogue by Alonso-Zarazaga (2011a) adopted a significantly different classification. In the present paper the North Europaean species are presented following the classification of Palaearctic catalogue.

Ståhls, G. and Rättel, E.: Genus Microsania (Platypezidae: Microsaninae) in Finland – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 50–52. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Three species of flat-footed flies of the genus Microsania (Platypezidae: Microsaninae) are reported as new to Finland, and one of these, M. capnophila Shatalkin is also new to Europe. Microsania capnophila Shatalkin and M. collarti Chandler in Vanhara, 1980 are reported from Regio kuusamoensis, and M. vrydaghi Collart, 1954 from Nylandia and Regio kuusamoensis. The total species number of Microsania in Finland is presently six.

Flinck, J. and Kahanpää, J.: Suomelle uusia kärpäslajeja (Diptera: Brachycera) – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 53–62. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Sixteen Diptera: Brachycera species are reported as new to Finland based mostly on the material collected by Jari Flinck. Most of these fly species were previously known from neighbouring countries, but the records of Empis (Leptempis) grisea Fallén and Muscina angustifrons (Loew) represent significant range extensions.

Kahanpää, J.: Viisikymmentä Suomelle uutta kärpäslajia (Diptera: Brachycera) – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 63–71. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Viisikymmentä kärpäslajia ilmoitetaan uutena Suomesta pääasiassa viimeisen kymmenen vuoden aikana kerätyn aineiston perusteella. Lajeista Pohjois-Euroopalle uusia ovat Phora convallium Schmitz, Cerodontha (Butomomyza) staryi (Stary), Geomyza martineki Drake, Hecamedoides unispinosus (Collin) ja Phorbia bartaki Ackland & Michelsen.

Fifty fly species of the families Tabanidae, Hybotidae, Empididae, Lonchopteridae, Phoridae, Psilidae, Sciomyzidae, Agromyzidae, Opomyzidae, Carnidae, Chloropidae, Heleomyzidae, Ephydridae, Scathophagidae, Anthomyiidae and Muscidae are added to the list of Finnish Diptera: Brachycera. Phora convallium Schmitz, Cerodontha (Butomomyza) staryi (Stary), Geomyza martineki Drake, Hecamedoides unispinosus (Collin) and Phorbia bartaki Ackland & Michelsen are reported for the first time from Northern Europe.

Kahanpää, J.: Muutoksia Suomen kärpästen luetteloon: heimo Lauxaniidae (Diptera) – Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 72–78. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Twelve species of Lauxaniidae are reported from Finland for the first time: Homoneura biumbrata, H. mediospinosa, Lauxania (Czernushka) albomaculata, Minettia (Plesiominettia) filia, M. (M.) helvola, Pachycerina pulchra, Pseudolyciella stylata, Sapromyza albiceps, S. apicalis, S. schnabli, S. simplicior and Trigonometopus frontalis. Four species are removed from the Finnish list as misidentifications: Homoneura dilecta, H. interstincta, H. tesquae and Sapromyza obsoleta. Paroecus signatipes has never been reliably documented as occurring within the current borders of the country.


Vuosikerta 20 (2014)

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Koponen, M. and Vikberg, V.: Suomen Dacnusini-lajien luettelo (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae) – Sahlbergia 20(1): 2–27. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

163 species of the tribe Dacnusini are listed from Finland. Of them 147 species are recorded as new to Finnish fauna.

Rutanen, I. and Martikainen, P.: Longitarsus pratensis (Panzer) -ryhmän lajit Suomessa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) – Sahlbergia 20(1): 28–35. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

The species group of Longitarsus pratensis includes three species in Finland: L. pratensis (Panzer, 1794), L. reichei (Allard, 1860) and L. lewisii Baly, 1874. Caused by the unwarranted synonymy of two of these species, only one species, L. pratensis, was represented in the old collections. Revision of the materials of Finnish collections showed that a large part of the individuals identified as L. pratensis actually belonged to the closely related species L. reichei. The third species, L. lewisii, is most likely a rather new incomer, as it was not at all represented in the old collections. In Finland, L. reichei and L. lewisii are mostly found on Plantago major, whereas the preferred host plant of L. pratensis is Plantago lanceolata. Altogether 474 individuals of museum collections and of some private collections were determined. The distribution of the species is presented with maps. A key for identification of the species is given and the biology of the species is shortly treated.

Reemer, M., Ståhls, G. and Rättel, E.: Host fungus of Agathomyia sexmaculata (Diptera: Platypezidae) and notes on breeding biology – Sahlbergia 20(1): 36–41. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Bjerkandera fumosa is reported as a host fungus for Agathomyia sexmaculata (von Roser, 1840) (Diptera: Platypezidae), based on observations in Finland and the Netherlands. In Finland, larvae were collected from this fungus and their DNA-barcodes were found to match those of adult specimens of Agathomyia sexmaculata. In the Netherlands, oviposition by A. sexmaculata on B. fumosa was observed and adult specimens were reared from this fungus. Details on the larval development are given, the larval and pupal morphology are described, and differences with other known Agathomyia larvae are given. Bjerkandera fumosa ilmoitetaan lattajalkakärpäslajin Agathomyia sexmaculata (von Roser, 1840) (Diptera: Platypezidae) isäntäsieneksi. Tämä perustuu havaintoihin Suomesta ja Alankomaista. Lajin toukkia kerättiin Suomesta, ja niiden DNA-viivakoodi osoittautui identtiseksi tämän lajin aikuisyksilöiden kanssa. Alankomaissa on myös havittu naaraiden munivan tälle kääpälajille, ja sitä on myös onnistuttu kasvattamaan. Toukan kehitys kuvaillaan, ja toukan sekä kotelon morfologia kuvataan ja verrataan suvun muihin lajeihin.

Paukkunen, J.: Oxybelus quatuordecimnotatus Jurine (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae), Fennoskandialle uusi petopistiäislaji – Sahlbergia 20(1): 42–45. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

A male of Oxybelus quatuordecimnotatus Jurine, 1807 was found by the author from Kuytezha, Republic of Karelia, Russia, in July 2013. This is the first observation of the species from Fennoscandia. The nearest earlier records are from St. Petersburg and Estonia. Four specimens were also collected from the Arkhangelsk Oblast (near Rovdino) in July 2013 by the author.

Raekunnas, M.: Mesipistiäinen Hoplitis leucomelana (Kirby, 1802) (Apoidea: Megachilidae) löydetty Suomesta [A new bee, Hoplitis leucomelana (Kirby, 1802) (Apoidea: Megachilidae), found from Finland.] – Sahlbergia 20(1): 46–47. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

The bee species Hoplitis leucomelana (Kirby 1802) is reported as new to Finland on the basis of one male collected by the author in 2011. The specimen was found on a warm dry meadow in Joutseno Anola in eastern Finland. The distinguishing characters of H. leucomelana are compared with H. claviventris. Nesting and feeding habits of the species are described. The distribution of H. leucomelana extends from North Africa through Europe to Siberia. The closest records are from southern Sweden and Estonia.

Teräs, I. and Viitasaari, M..: Macrophya erythrocnema Costa ja sitä eniten muistuttavat lajit (Hymenoptera Symphyta, Tenthredinidae) – Sahlbergia 20(1): 48–52. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

One female of Macrophya erythrocnema Costa, 1859, was found on 17.VI.2006 in southeastern Finland, South Savo: Joutseno, Jänhiälä. This is the first Finnish specimen of M. erythrocnema, but in 1943, two females have been found in Olonets (Aunus) Karelia, Prääsä and Velik. niva (now in Russian Karelia). In North Europe, there are three species of Macrophya with the legs partly red and the abdomen completely without red pattern, namely M. erythrocnema, M. punctumalbum (Linnaeus, 1767) and M. sanguinolenta (Gmelin, 1790); the differences between these species are presented.

Vepsäläinen, K.: En vacker och utförlig monografi om Nordens myror och getingar [book review] – Sahlbergia 20(1): 53–55. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Vikberg, V.: On Torymus chloromerus (Walker) and some related species (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Torymidae) – Sahlbergia 20(1): 56–75. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Torymus euphorbiae (Walker, 1833), T. micropterus (Walker, 1833), T. abbreviatus Boheman, 1834 (= T. hieracii Mayr 1874, syn. nov.), T. campanulae Cameron, 1880, and T. tilicola Ruschka, 1921, which were earlier considered as synonyms of Torymus chloromerus (Walker, 1833), are regarded as distinct species. Their lectotypes were examined and described. A new taxonomic character for separating species of Torymus is the colour of the transepisternal line on the lower mesepisternum; it is purple in T. chloromerus, T. abbreviatus, T. campanulae, and T. tilicola, but the purple colour is absent in T. euphorbiae and T. micropterus. A key is presented for the females of the species. Torymus tilicola is a new species to the fauna of Finland.

Loistokiilukaisten (Torymidae) heimossa suurin suku Suomessa on Torymus Dalman. Tämän suvun Euroopan lajien revisiossa Torymus chloromerus (Walker) kuvataan yleiseksi polyfagiksi lajiksi. Sen isänniksi mainitaan Urophora-suvun kärpästen lisäksi monta äkämäsääskeä ja monta äkämäpistiäistä, ja nämä isännät aiheuttavat äkämiä sekä ruohoissa että puissa. Revision tekijät (Graham & Gijswijt 1998) itsekin hieman epäilevät näin laajaa isäntävalikoimaa ja pitävät lisätutkimuksia tarpeellisena. Lajin synonyymeinä mainitaan kymmenen muuta lajia. Näiden tyyppejä tutkittiin nyt tarkemmin uudestaan ja tällöin löytyikin yksi uusi tuntomerkki, joka jakaa lajit kahteen ryhmään. Keskirinnan sivulla voi olla pitkittäinen purppuranpunainen juova tai punainen väri puuttuu. Viisi aiemmin synonyymina pidettyä lajia nostetaan nyt omiksi lajeiksi. Vikberg (2005) kirjoitti tässä lehdessä orakärpäsen loisista, jolloin hän totesi että orakärpäsestä kasvatettu Torymus chloromerus eroaa sarjakeltanon varren Aulacidea hieracii -äkämäpistiäisestä kasvatetusta saman suvun lajista. Tästä jälkimmäisestä lajista on useasti käytetty nimeä Torymus hieracii Mayr, mutta tyyppien tutkimus osoitti, että lajin vanhin nimi on Torymus abbreviatus Boheman. Torymus tilicola Ruschka on kasvatettu maalle uutena lajina Turengissa äkämäsääsken Contarinia tiliarum (Kieffer) äkämistä puistolehmukselta.

Haarto, A.: Identification of the Finnish species of Paragus Latreille, 1804 subgenus Pandasyopthalmus Stuckenberg, 1954 (Diptera, Syrphidae) – Sahlbergia 20(2): 2–5. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

The differential diagnostics for the Paragus females of the Finnish species of the subgenus Pandasyopthalmus are presented. The distributional range and the frequency of the species are discussed.

Paragus constrictus ilmoitettiin Suomelle uutena vuonna 2013. Samana vuonna Ali Karhu löysi Liperistä lajin runsaan esiintymän, josta kerättyjen yksilöiden perusteella kuvataan lajien P. constrictus ja P. tibialis naaraiden väliset erot. Alasukuun Pandasyothalmus kuuluvista lajeista Suomesta on tavattu myös P. haemorrhous. Kaikkien kolmen lajin koiraat määritetään yleensä genitaalien avulla. Naaraat ja myös koiraat voidaan kuitenkin määrittää myös takaruumiin karvojen värien ja asentojen avulla. Paragus haemorrhous on lajeista laajimmalle levinnyt. Lajia P. tibialis on pidetty lajeista yleisimpänä, mutta täksi lajiksi aikaisemmin määritetyistä yksilöistä osa on osoittautunut kuuluvan lajeihin P. haemorrhous ja P. constrictus. Siten erityisesti lajien P. tibialis ja P. constrictus levinneisyysalueesta ja yleisyydestä Suomessa tarvitaan lisää tietoa. Lajin P. constrictus elinympäristöjä Suomessa ovat lämpimät hiekkaiset alueet.

Haarto, A.: Platycheirus modestus Ide, 1926 (Diptera, Syrphidae) new to the Palearctic region – Sahlbergia 20(2): 6–8. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Platycheirus modestus Ide, 1926 is reported as new to the Finnish fauna and also as new to the Palearctic region. Information about the determination of the species is presented.

Suomen Hyönteistieteellisen Seuran kesäretkellä 2008 Tornioon löytyi Suomelle ja Palearktiselle alueelle uusi kukkakärpäslaji Platycheirus modestus Ide, 1926. Laji kuuluu P. clypeatus -ryhmään, jonka lajeilla naama on litteä ja etusääri ja -nilkka ovat leventyneet. Lajilta puuttuu etureiden tyvestä valkoisten karvojen muodostama tupsu, jollainen on kaikilla muilla ryhmän luoteiseuroopalaisilla lajeilla paitsi lajilla P. scambus. Laji P. modestus erotetaan anepisternumin pitkien kiharaisten karvojen ja lähes kokonaan keltaisen takaruumin avulla lajista P. scambus. Kaikilla clypeatus -ryhmän lajeilla on etunilkan ensimmäisten jaokkeiden alapuolella erilainen kuviointi, jonka avulla ryhmän lajit voidaan tunnistaa.

Ståhls, G., Rättel, E. and Miettinen, O.:New data on genus Callomyia of Finland (Diptera: Platypezidae) – Sahlbergia 20(2): 9–12. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

The species Callomyia krivosheinae Shatalkin (Diptera: Platypezidae: Callomyinae) is reported as new to Finland and Europe. A host fungus genus, Phanerochaete (Polyporales, Phanerochaetaceae), is reported for the first time for Callomyia based on observations in Finland. The following host records are observed: Callomyia amoena Meigen was found on Phanerochaete sordida and P. velutina, C. krivosheinae on P. sanguinea and P. velutina, and C. speciosa Meigen on P. sanguinea and P. sordida. DNA identification was used for veryfying the field sampled unknown Callomyia larvae with the correct Callomyia taxon.

Lattakärpäslaji Callomyia krivosheinae Shatalkin (Diptera: Platypezidae: Callomyinae) ilmoitetaan Suomelle ja Euroopalle uutena. Sienisuku Phanerochaete (Polyporales, Phanerochaetaceae) todetaan suomalaishavaintojen perusteella ensi kertaa Callomyia-suvun ravintosieneksi. Seuraavat uudet isäntähavainnot ilmoitetaan: Callomyia amoena Meigen havaittiin lajeilla Phanerochaete sordida ja P. velutina, C. krivosheinae lajeilla P. sanguinea ja P. velutina, C. speciosa Meigen lajeilla P. sanguinea and P. sordida. Lajimääritykset varmistettiin DNA-menetelmin maastosta löydetyille tuntemattomille Callomyia-toukille.

Raekunnas, M. and Kerppola, S.: Mallota tricolor Loew, 1871 – Kirjosurri Suomesta (Diptera, Syrphidae) – Sahlbergia 20(2): 13–15. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Hoverfly species Mallota tricolor Loew, 1871 is reported as new to Finland on the basis of two females. The first one was collected from an old willow trunk (Salix alba x fragilis) with a net in 1977. This specimen is deposited in the Natuurmuseum Brabant in Tilburg, The Netherlands. The second one was collected with a window trap in 2013. The trap was installed on a trunk of an old aspen (Populus tremula). The specimen is deposited in the private collection of MR. The former distribution area of this rare species includes Lithuania, Poland, Germany (posibly extinct), Belarus, the European and Asian parts of Russia, through Siberia to Kamchatka peninsula.

Koponen, M. and Vikberg, V.: Suomen loikkakiilupistäiset (Hymenoptera, Chlacidoidea, Eupelmidae) [Check list of the species of Eupelmidae in Finland] – Sahlbergia 20(2): 16–18. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

11 species of Eupelmidae are listed from Finland. Eusandalum elongatum (Ruschka, 1921), Calosota obscura Ruschka, 1921 and Eupelmus annulatus Nees, 1834 are recorded as new to Finnish fauna. Calosota obscura is recorded also a new to Estonia.

Pentinsaari, M.: Kuusi Suomelle uutta kovakuoriaislajia – Sahlbergia 20(2): 19–21. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Six species of Coleoptera are reported as new to the Finnish fauna based on specimens collected by the author during a period of eight years (2005–2012). These include Masoreus wetterhallii (Gyllenhal, 1813) (Carabidae), Dryops luridus (Erichson, 1847) (Dryopidae), Longitarsus exsoletus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Chrysomelidae) and three species of Staphylinidae: Anthobium unicolor (Marsham, 1802), Acrotona pilosicollis (Brundin, 1952) and Achenium humile (Nicolai, 1822).

Tässä lyhyessä tiedonannossa ilmoitan kuusi Suomelle uutta kovakuoriaislajia. Masoreus wetterhallii (Gyllenhal, 1813) (Carabidae), Dryops luridus (Erichson, 1847) (Dryopidae), Longitarsus exsoletus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Chrysomelidae) sekä kolme lyhytsiipislajia (Staphylinidae): Anthobium unicolor (Marsham, 1802), Acrotona pilosicollis (Brundin, 1952) ja Achenium humile (Nicolai, 1822) löytyivät eri puolilta Etelä-Suomea vuosien 2005–2012 aikana.

Koponen, M. and Vikberg, V.: Suomen epelikiilupistiäiset (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Aphelinidae) ja kahden siitä erotetun heimon lajit – Sahlbergia 20(2): 22–27. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

34 species of the families Aphelinidae, Azotidae and Eriaporidae are listed from Finland. 11 species are recorded as new to Finnish fauna. Of them Encarsia lutea (Masi, 1909) was reared in Ta: Janakkala, Suurisuo, ex Calluneyroides callunae (Ossiannilsson, 1947) on Calluna vulgaris.

Vuola, M. and Vikberg, V.: Pussikkaista (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) sekä kaakonlasisiivestä (Sesiidae) kasvatettuja kiilupistiäisiä Suomesta (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) – Sahlbergia 20(2): 28–31. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

Elasmus flabellatus (Fonscolombe, 1832) (Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae) was reared from Canephora hirsuta (Poda) in Uusimaa: Tuusula and from Pachytelia villosella (Ochsenheimer) (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) in South Bothnia: Närpiö and Sompio Lapland: Sodankylä. In Närpiö from six psychid larvae 411 specimens of Elasmus were reared and 80 of them were males (this percentage of males 19). Dibrachys microgastri (Bouché, 1834) (Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae) was reared from Talephoria tubulosa (Retzius) (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) in Kainuu: Vuolijoki. Cyclogastrella simplex (Walker, 1834) (Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae) was reared from Synanthedon mesiaeformis (Herrich-Schäffer) (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) in Varsinais-Suomi: Turku.

Martikainen, P., Humala, A. and Polevoi, A.: Ischnodes sibiricus Tsherepanov, 1966 (Coleoptera, Elateridae) found in Russian Karelia – Sahlbergia 20(2): 32–34. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

We collected three specimens of Ischnodes sibiricus Tsherepanov, 1966 from Kivach Nature Reserve in 1998. The beetles were caught using large trunk window traps attached to large, dead aspen-trees (Populus tremula L.). I. sibiricus was originally described from Western Siberia, and the only previous record from Europe is from Udmurtia, located ca. 1000 km east of Kivach. The available information suggests that I. sibiricus develops in the decaying wood of dead trees and in the hollows of living trees, and it may prefer large deciduous trees.

Silfverberg, H.: Renaming weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) [Uusia nimiä kärsäkkäille, Nya vivelnamn] – Sahlbergia 20(2): 35–38. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273

The differences in Curculionoidea between Enumeratio renovata Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae (Silfverberg 2010) and the new Palaearctic catalogue one are listed.

Äskettäin ilmestyneiden palearktisen alueen kovakuoriaisluettelon kärsäkäsosien nimistö poikkeaa monessa kohtaa siitä, mitä käytettiin viimeisimmässä Pohjois-Euroopan kovakuoriaisluettelossa. Usein erot johtuvat sukujen erilaisesta rajaamisista, mutta myös lajinimien tulkinta voi erota. Tässä esitetään havaitut erot, lukuunottamatta nirppuja, joista vastaava esitys jo on julkaistu.

Den palearktiska skalbaggskatalogens viveldelar har nyligen kommit ut, och där förekommer på många ställen namn på arterna, som skiljer sig från vad som användes i den senaste nordeuropeiska skalbaggskatalogen. Skillnaderna kan bero på olika avgränsning av släktena, men ställvis också på olika tolkning av artnamnet. Här presenteras de noterade olikheterna, utom för spetsvivlarna, för vilka en sådan översikt redan har publicerats.

Silfverberg, H.: Changes and additions to Enumeratio renovata Coleopterorum Fennoscanidae, Daniae et Baltiae – Sahlbergia 20(2): 39–53. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273


Vuosikerta 21 (2015) CC BY-NC-ND

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Kuntsi, S. and Norrdahl, K.: Suomelle uusi kovakuoriaislaji Ptenidium intermedium Wankowicz, 1896 (Coleoptera, Ptiliidae) sekä uusia havaintoja lajista Atomaria atra (Herbst, 1793) (Coleoptera, Cryptophagidae) [Ptenidium intermedium Wankowicz, 1896 (Coleoptera, Ptiliidae) found in Finland with new Finnish records of Atomaria atra (Herbst, 1793) (Coleoptera, Cryptophagidae)] – Sahlbergia 21(1): 2–5. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582

The Feather-wing beetle species Ptenidium intermedium Wankowicz, 1896 is reported from Finland for the first time. In addition, new Finnish records of the silken fungus beetle species Atomaria atra (Herbst, 1793) are presented. Both species were recorded in a study comparing arthropod communities between shrub stands dominated by native vs. non-native shrubs from the plant family Rosaceae. One female of P. intermedium was caught in a pitfall trap in 22.-24.5.2012 in Ab: Turku, Urusvuori, and several specimens of A. atra were caught by both window and pit trapping from ten separate, previously unknown locations in south-western Finland in 2011 and 2012. Main diagnostic characters of P. intermedium are described and descriptions of the collection sites of both P. intermedium and A. atra are given.

Siitonen, J. and Salokannel, J.: Beetle (Coleoptera) species new for Estonia found in Saaremaa island 2 – Sahlbergia 21(1): 6–11. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582

Six species of Coleoptera are reported as new for Estonia. Agonum hypocrita (Apfelbeck, 1904) (Carabidae), Bledius tibialis Heer, 1839 (Staphylinidae), Agrilus olivicolor Kiesenwetter, 1857 (Buprestidae), Scymnus jakowlewi Weise, 1892 (Coccinellidae), Omophlus pubescens (Linnaeus, 1758) (Tenebrionidae) and Altica carinthiaca Weise, 1888 (Chrysomelidae) were found in Saaremaa Island, western Estonia, in summers 2012 to 2014.

Tässä tiedonannossa ilmoitamme kuusi Virolle uutta kovakuoriaislajia. Kurekiitäjäislaji Agonum hypocrita (Apfelbeck, 1904) (Carabidae), pikkumerimyyriäinen Bledius tibialis Heer, 1839 (Staphylinidae), pähkinänjalosoukko Agrilus olivicolor Kiesenwetter, 1857 (Buprestidae), pikkupirkkolaji Scymnus jakowlewi Weise, 1892, pimikkökuoriaislaji Omophlus pubescens (Linnaeus, 1758) (Tenebrionidae) ja kirppalaji Altica carinthiaca Weise, 1888 (Chrysomelidae) löytyivät Saarenmaalta vuosina 2012–2014.

Koponen, M. and Vikberg, V.: Suomen hyppykiilupistiäiset [Check list of the species of Encyrtidae in Finland] (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Encyrtidae) – Sahlbergia 21(1): 12–43. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582

224 species of Encyrtidae are listed from Finland. Of them 57 are recorded as new to Finnish fauna. Anagyrus matritensis (Mercet, 1921) was reared from Spinococcus calluneti (Lindinger, 1912) (Pseudococcidae) on crowberry (Empetrum nigrum) (new host). Ageniaspis longicornis Trjapitzin, 1968, Brachyencyrtus araneoides (Hoffer, 1957), Copidosoma cuproviridis Springate & Noyes, 1990, Ericydnus pilosulus Graham, 1991, Ericydnus strigosus (Nees, 1834), Microterys cneus Trjapitzin & Sugonjaev, 1976 and Subprionomitus festucae (Mayr, 1876) are also recorded from Estonia. Microterys cneus Trjapitzin & Sugonjaev, 1976 and Microterys herbaceus Sugonjaev, 1962 are also reported from Norway.

Ormio, H.: Idänsulkukotilo Macrogastra borealis (O. Boettger, 1878), uusi lisä Suomen nilviäisfaunaan (Mollusca: Clausiliidae). [How to identify Macrogastra borealis (O. Boettger, 1878), a land snail species new to the Finnish fauna (Mollusca: Clausiliidae)]. – Sahlbergia 21(2): 2–5. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582

Advice are given for identification of the snail Macrogastra borealis, basing on specimens from the only known Finnish population and on specimens from Estonia, Latvia and Carpathian area.

Roosileht, U.: Estonian Additions to Silfverberg’s „Enumeratio renovata Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae“ Coleoptera Catalog – Sahlbergia 21(2): 6–39. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582

A faunistic list which updates H. Silfverberg’s “Enumeratio renovata Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae” with respect to Coleoptera in Estonia is presented. The data is from specimens in the collection of the Estonian Museum of Natural History and from specimens collected by the author. The material were collected by hand, using nets and sifters and in recent years also using window and pitfall traps. The Estonian section of Silfverberg’s catalogue is updated with 308 species.

Rutanen, I.: Orthoperus Stephens-suvun kovakuoriaisten esiintymisestä Suomessa (Coleoptera: Corylophidae). [On the occurence of the species of Orthoperus Stephens in Finland (Coleoptera, Corylophidae)]. – Sahlbergia 21(2): 40–48 .Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582

Suomesta tunnettujen Orthoperus-suvun lajien eri museoitten ja useiden yksityiskokoelmien aineistojen määritykset tarkistettiin ja niiden levinneisyystiedot on koottu yhteen. Suvun lajien nimistössä tapahtuneista muutoksista johtuen lukuisia muutoksia määrityksiin jouduttiin tekemään. Kaikkiaan 2137 yksilöä määritettiin tai niitten määritys tarkistettiin. Maastamme tunnetaan viisi luonnossa esiintyvää lajia: Orthoperus brunnipes (Gyllenhal, 1808), Orthoperus punctatus Wankowicz, 1865, Orthoperus rogeri Kraatz, 1874 (= punctulatus Reitter, 1874), Orthoperus atomus (Gyllenhal, 1808) ja Orthoperus corticalis (Redtenbacher, 1845) (= improvisus Bruce, 1946). Yhden havainnon perusteella maastamme ilmoitettu laji Orthoperus nigrescens Stephens, 1829 (= mundus Matthws, 1885, coriaceus Mulsant & Rey, 1861) on todettu väärin määritetyksi ja se tulee poistaa lajistostamme. Kaikki lajimme ovat melko runsaasti edustettuina kokoelmissa, runsaimmiksi osoittautuivat O. brunnipes (734 yksilöä) ja O. atomus (646 yksilöä). O. punctatusta määritettiin 261 yksilöä, O. corticalista 308 yksilöä, O. rogeria 178 yksilöä. Eri kokoelmissa olleista Venäjän Karjalasta talletetuista näytteistä määritettiin 95 kaikkiin viiteen lajiin kuuluvaa yksilöä.

The determination of Finnish species of the coleopteran genus Orthoperus Stephens was reviewed and the distributional data is summarized. Caused by the revision of the taxonomy of this genus, many changes concerning the identification of the species were made. Totally 2137 individuals were determined or their identification was reviewed. In Finland five in nature occurring species are found: Orthoperus brunnipes (Gyllenhal, 1808), Orthoperus punctatus Wankowicz 1865, Orthoperus rogeri Kraatz, 1874 (= punctulatus Reitter, 1876), Orthoperus atomus (Gyllenhal, 1808) and Orthoperus corticalis (Redtenbacher, 1845) (= improvisus Bruce, 1946). One species, Orthoperus nigrescens Stephens, 1829 (= mundus Matthews, 1885, coriaceus Mulsant & Rey, 1861), which is reported from Finland based on one observation, should be deleted from the list of Finnish species because of misidentification. All the five species are quite abundantly represented in the collections, most numerous were O. brunnipes (734 individuals) and O. atomus (646 individuals). O. punctatus was represented with 261, O. corticalis with 308 and O. rogeri with 178 individuals. In different collections 95 individuals collected from Russian Karelia belonging to all the five species were determined.

Rassi, P., Karjalainen, S., Clayhills, T., Helve, E., Hyvärinen, E., Laurinharju, E., Malmberg, S., Mannerkoski, I., Martikainen, P., Mattila, J., Muona, J., Pentinsaari, M., Rutanen, I., Salokannel, J., Siitonen, J. & Silfverberg, H.: Kovakuoriaisten maakuntaluettelo 2015 [Provincial List of Finnish Coleoptera 2015] – Sahlbergia 21 Supplement 1: 1–164. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 1237–3273


Vuosikerta 22 (2016) CC BY-NC-ND

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Koponen, M. and Vikberg, V. 2016: Suomen himmikiilupistiäiset (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Eurytomidae) [Checklist of Finnish species of Eurytomidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea)]. – Sahlbergia 22(1): 2–7. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

65 species of Eurytomidae are listed from Finland. Of them three species, Bruchophagus ater (Walker, 1832), Eurytoma palustris Erdös, 1957, and Systole tuonela Claridge, 1959, are new to Finnish fauna.

Vikberg, V., Vuola, M. and Vuorinen, A. 2016: Lampronia fuscatella-perhosen (Lepidoptera: Prodoxidae) äkämistä Etelä-Suomessa kasvatettuja loispistiäisiä [Parasitoid wasps reared in southern Finland from galls of Lampronia fuscatella (Lepidoptera: Prodoxidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea: Braconidae and Ichneumonidae)]. – Sahlbergia 22(1): 8–9. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Two ichneumonoid parasitoid species were reared from the galls of Lampronia fuscatella (Tengström, 1848) (Lepidoptera, Prodoxidae) on twigs of birches in southern Finland. One female of Dolichogenidea faucula (Nixon, 1972) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae) was reared in Varsinais-Suomi: Mynämäki from a gall on Betula pubescens in 2014, one female in South Häme: Janakkala, Roitonsuo from a gall on Betula ?pendula in 2015 and one male in South Bothnia: Närpes, Kroksmossen from a gall on Betula pubescens in 2005. The braconid is new for Finland and Northern Europe. Three older rearings from Betula pubescens gave probably the same braconid. One female of Panteles schuetzeanus (Roman, 1925) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Stilbopinae) was reared from a gall on Betula pubescens collected in 1987 from Uusimaa: Hanko, Syndalen. Earlier one specimen of this parasitoid has been reared from a gall of Betula pubescens in U: Järvenpää 1977. The data of five other females of Panteles schuetzeanus from Finland (not reared) are given.

Kahanpää, J. and Nyström, H. 2016: Stratiomys longicornis (Scopoli, 1763), Suomelle uusi asekärpäslaji (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). [Stratiomys longicornis (Scopoli, 1763), a soldierfly new to the Finnish fauna (Diptera: Stratiomyidae)]. – Sahlbergia 22(1): 10–13. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

The Soldier fly species Stratiomys longicornis (Scopoli, 1763) is reported from Finland for the first time. A single specimen was found on June 9, 2013 in southeastern Finland (Sa: Lappeenranta, Tuosa) near an industrial dump area that also functions as an intermediate depot for wood for the nearby paper mill. The specimen was photographed sitting on a cow parsley Anthriscus sylvestris surrounded by mixed habitats consisting e.g. of a grove, a spruce forest, mixed forest, roadside meadow plants, a stream and an artificial pond. A table of characteristic features as well as photographs of the five Stratiomys species known from Northern Europe are provided.

Rutanen, I. 2016: Pohjoismaista tunnettujen keräpallokaslajien (Agathidium Panzer, 1797) määrittämisestä (Coleoptera, Leiodidae). [Contribution to the identification of North European species of the genus Agathidium Panzer 1797 (Coleoptera, Leiodidae)]. – Sahlbergia 22(2): 2-11. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Tämän julkaisun tarkoituksena on esitellä lyhyesti Pohjoismaista tunnettujen Agathidium-suvun lajien tunnistamisen kannalta tärkeimmät tuntomerkit sekä määrityskaava. Suvun lajeista on olemassa useita perusteellisia julkaisuja, mutta käytettävissä olevat määrityskaavat, joissa on mukana kaikki Pohjoismaista tunnetut lajit, ovat kovin laajoja ja siksi hankalia käyttää. Määrityskaava esitetään sekä suomeksi että ruotsiksi.

The aim of this paper is to present shortly the distinctive characters of the North European species of the genus Agathidium (Panzer, 1797). In spite of the fact that several comprehensive revisions with identification keys have been published, there is a lack of more concise keys comprising only the North European species. A revised identification key to the North European Agathidium is given in both Finnish and Swedish.

Liivamägi, AJ. & Tarlap, P. 2016: The assassin bug Pygolampis bidentata Goeze, 1778 (Heteroptera, Reduviidae) in Estonia. – Sahlbergia 22(2): 12–14. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Ensimmäinen tieto kyyrösluteen (Pygolampis bidentata Goeze, 1778) esiintymisestä Eestissä on vuodelta 1929, jolloin laji tavattiin maan koillisosasta. Uusimmat havainnot ovat Eestin itäosasta vuodelta 2015. Kaiken kaikkiaan P. bidentata on tavattu Eestistä yksitoista kertaa. Uusien havaintojen perusteella se suosii puoliavoimia, kosteita– kuivahkoja, mikroilmastoltaan lämpimiä paikkoja metsämaastossa. Käytettävissä olevien tietojen perustella lajin tarkkoja elinympäristövaatimuksia tai uhanalaisuutta Eestissä ei kuitenkaan pystytty arvioimaan.

The article presents data on the occurrence and distribution of the assassin bug Pygolampis bidentata Goeze, 1778 in Estonia. The first known record of P. bidentata is from 1929 in north-eastern Estonia. The recent findings of the species are from 2015 in the eastern part of the country. During this 86-year period, the assassin bug has been found only eleven times in Estonia. According to the information about the recent records in Estonia, the species prefers half-open, wet or semi-dry habitats with warmer microclimatic conditions in forested landscapes. However, these few records of the species are not sufficient to make conclusions about the status and certain habitat requirements of P. bidentata but the recent findings confirm that the assassin bug is not extinct in Estonia.

Kerppola, S. 2016: Eristalis rossica Stackelberg, 1958 – venäjänsurri Suomesta (Diptera, Syrphidae). – Sahlbergia 22(2): 15–17. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

The hoverfly Eristalis rossica Stackelberg, 1958 is reported as new to Finland on the basis of one female collected by net in 2016. The specimen was found on a flowering meadow from Joutseno in southeastern Finland near the Russian border. The known distribution of Eristalis rossica includes Finland, parts of European and Siberian Russia, and Sakhalin in the Russian Far East.

Bruun, H. H. & Torniainen, Jyrki: First Fennoscandian record of the gall midge Janetiella glechomae Tavares, 1930 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) [Fennoskandian ensimmäinen havainto Janetiella glechomae Tavares, 1930-äkämäsääskestä]. – Sahlbergia 22(2): 18–19. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Janetiella glechomae (Tavares, 1930)-äkämäsääski ilmoitetaan ensimmäisen kerran Suomesta. Havainto on samalla koko Fennoskandian alueelle uusi. Havainnon ja määrityksen teki tanskalainen tutkija, tohtori Hans Henrik Bruun, 18.6.2016 ollessaan vierailemassa vastaväittäjänä Jyväskylän yliopistossa. Varsinainen havaintopaikka sijaitsee ES: Joutsan Taka-Ikolassa. Habitaatti on reheväkasvuinen ja ruohoinen laidun, jolla ei juuri lajin löytöhetkellä ollut karjaa.

Janetiella glechomae elää vain maahumalalla (Glechoma hederacea). Lajin toukat aiheuttavat äkämän maahumalan kypsyvään lohkohedelmään. Yhden tai kahden toukan asuttama yksittäinen lohko (merikarppi) paisuu voimakkaasti ja äkämä ulottuu verhiön jäänteiden ulkopuolelle. Äkämä on ensin vaalea, myöhemmin ruskea. Toukat ovat pieninä valkeahkoja, täysikasvuisina n. 3 mm pitkiä ja oranssin sävyisiä.

Laji kuvattiin vuonna 1930 Ranskan Normandiasta. Seuraavat havainnot tehtiin 80 vuotta myöhemmin Hollannin Bennekomissa vuonna 2010. H.H. Bruun löysi lajin kahdesta paikasta Tanskalle uutena vain viikkoa ennen Suomen havaintoa. Kaksi äkämää Joutsasta on taltioitu Jyväskylän yliopiston tiedemuseon hyönteiskokoelmiin.

Koponen, M., Vikberg, V. & Peris-Felipo, F. J. 2016. List of Alysiini of Finland, exclusing the genus Dinotrema (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae). [Suomen Alysiini-tribukseen kuuluvien loispistiäisten luettelo (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae), paitsi Dinotrema-suku]. – Sahlbergia 22.2.: 20–31. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Suomesta luetellaan 105 Alysiini-tribukseen kuuluvaa loispistiäislajia (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae). Niistä 20 lajia on Suomelle uusia.

A total of 105 species of Alysiini (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae) are listed from Finland. Of them 24 species are recorded as new to Finnish fauna. A faunistic list with data of distribution and host records is provided.

Koponen, M., Buhl, P. N. & Vikberg, V. 2016: Check list of Platygastridae of Finland (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea). [Suomen lituskapistiäisten luettelo (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea).] – Sahlbergia 22(2): 32–47. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

This paper lists 199 named species of platygastroid wasps (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea) from Finland. Eighty species (40% of the Finnish fauna) are new to the country. Details of the records for the newly recognised species are given.

Suomesta tunnetaan 199 Platygastroidea-yläheimon loispistiäistä. Tämän artikkelin ydinosan, Suomen Platygastroidea- lajien luettelon, lajeista 40% eli 80 lajia ilmoitetaan nyt ensimmäistä kertaa maastamme. Uusien maahavaintojen löytöpaikkatiedot esitetään kootusti ennen kirjallisuusviittein varustettua luetteloa.

Pistiäisheimon Platygastridae (joskus väärin kirjoitettu Platygasteridae) lajit ovat useimmiten hyvin pieniä (1–2 mm) ja kiiltävän mustia. Useimmiten siivet ovat suonettomia. Verrattain heikosti kitinisoituneen munanasettimen toimintamekanismi on ainutlaatuinen. Munanasetin on lepoasennossa kokonaan vetäytyneenä takaruumiin sisään. Joillain ryhmillä takaruumiin rakenne on poikkeuksellinen, jotta pitkä munanasetin mahtuisi sen sisään. Lisätila voi olla erikoinen sarvi ensimmäisessä selkäjaokkeessa (äärimmäisissä tapauksissa ulottuen päähän tai sen yli), kyhmy toisessa vatsajaokkeessa tai takaruumiin häntämäinen pidentymä. Platygastridae-heimossa on kaksi alaheimoa: Platygastrinae ja Sceliotrachelinae. Ensimmäisessä on noin 40 (Suomessa 16) sukua. Kaikki lajit ovat äkämäsääskien (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) koinobiontteja; pistiäiset munivat isännän munaan tai nuoreen toukkaan ja pistiäistoukka päättää kehityksensä, kun isäntä saavuttaa esikotelo- tai kotelovaiheen. Sceliotrachelinaealaheimo on pienempi: siihen kuuluu noin 20 (Suomessa 4) sukua. Niillä on tyypillisesti alkeelliset siipisuonet etusiivissä. Alaheimon lajit ovat yleensä idiobiontteja iskeytyen joko kovakuoriaisten tai nivelkärsäisten muniin.

Heimoa Scelionidae pidettiin jonkin aikaa heimon Platygastridae alaheimona. Pistiäisheimo Scelionidae on hyvin iso kosmopoliittinen ryhmä (yli 3000 kuvattua lajia noin 160 suvussa); Suomesta on todettu yli 70 lajia. Ne ovat yleensä idiobiontteja iskeytyen monien erilaisten hyönteisten ja hämähäkkien muniin.


Vuosikerta 23 (2017) CC BY-NC-ND

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Várkonyi, G. & Jussila, R. 2017: Kaksi Suomelle uutta siroahmasta (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Anomaloninae) [Two anomalonine (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) species new to Finland]. – Sahlbergia 23(1): 2–6. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

(Gravenhorst, 1829) and Trichomma fulvidens Wesmael, 1949 (Ichneumonidae, Anomaloninae) are reported from Finland for the first time. Both species are likely to have recently spread to the southern part of the country. Diagnostic characters for species identification are given and host associations are discussed.

Kahanpää, J. 2017: Jäärä Tetropium gabrieli Weise, 1905 tavattu lehtikuusimetsästä Suomessa (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) [Tetropium gabrieli Weise, 1905 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) found in a larch forest in Finland] – Sahlbergia 23(1): 7–8. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

The forest pest beetle Tetropium gabrieli Weise, 1905 has expanded its range in Europe during the last several decades. The first Scandinavian records were of specimens imported with larch timber in the and 1980s and 90s. T. gabrieli has since gained a foothold in Swedish larch forests. An adult specimen of Tetropium gabrieli was collected in June 2015 from a 170 year old larch forest in Finnish North Karelia (Kitee, Puhos, 62°05’ N, 29°56’ E), strongly suggesting that this larch-killing longhorn beetle is now breeding also in Finland.

Martikainen, P. 2017: Tuulihaukanpönttöjen kovakuoriaiset (Coleoptera). [Beetles (Coleoptera) in the nest boxes of kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)]. – Sahlbergia 23(1): 9–13. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

I collected beetles from ten nest boxes of kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) in Southern Finland during 2009-2016. All the nest boxes were attached to walls of old barns in agricultural environments. The beetles were caught using open, shallow plastic boxes, covered by 6 mm iron mesh, and half-filled with water, detergent and sea salt. Traps were placed in the nest boxes only after successful breeding, when the fledglings had left the nest. Altogether there were samples from 23 ”trap seasons”. The samples contained 40 species and 370 individuals of beetles. The most frequent ones were staphylinid species Atheta vaga, Phyllodrepa nigra and Dexiogyia forticornis, and histerid species Carcinops pumilio and Gnathoncus rotundatus. One threatened species (vulnerable Gnathoncus nidorum) and two near-threatened species (Ptinus podolicus (Anobiidae) and Cryptophagus fallax (Cryptophagidae)) were observed. In addition, the samples contained several rarely observed species associated with bird nests. The trap described here can be used in large nests boxes of other birds, too, such as owls.>

Raekunnas, M., Vilén, J., Paukkunen, P. & Leinonen, P. 2016: Okakärpäshukka Ectemnius spinipes (A. Morawitz, 1866) (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) löydetty Suomesta. [Ectemnius spinipes (A. Morawitz, 1866) (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) found from Finland.]. – Sahlbergia 23(1): 14–16. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

The digger wasp Ectemnius spinipes is reported as new to Finland on the basis of 13 males and 13 females collected in 2012–2015 from Lappeenranta and Parikkala, south-eastern Finland. The specimens were caught mainly by window traps from dead trunks of aspen (Populus tremula), birch (Betula) and great sallow (Salix caprea), which probably contained nests of the species. The distribution of E. spinipes is patchy in mountainous regions of southern and central Europe and extends through Russia to China and Japan. The distinguishing features of E. spinipes are compared with its closest European relatives, E. cephalotes and E. fossorius.

Vikberg, V. 2017: Two sawflies new for the fauna of Russia, one being new for Europe and the western Palaearctic region (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Heptamelidae and Tenthredinidae). – Sahlbergia 23(1): 17–19. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Two species of sawflies are reported as new for fauna of Russia. Ten females of Heptamelus ochroleucus (Stephens) (Heptamelidae) were reared in Moscow from larvae found on Athyrium filix-femina. One slightly aberrant female of Heptapotamius simini Malaise (Tenthredinidae) was found on a salt steppe 4 km S of Viazovka, Radistchevo district, Uljanovsk Region, European Russia. The sawfly species is new for Europe and western Palaearctic region.

Kaksi Venäjän faunalle uutta sahapistiäistä esitetään. Heptamelus ochroleucus (Stephens) (Heptamelidae) -lajin naaraita on kasvatettu toukista soreahiirenportaalta (Athyrium filix-femina) Moskovassa. Lajin Heptapotamius simini Malaise (Tenthredinidae) hieman aberratiivinen naaras löytyi suola-arolta Radistchevosta Uljanovskin alueelta Euroopan puoleiselta Venäjältä. Tämä laji on uusi Euroopalle ja Länsipalearktiselle alueelle.

Salmela, J. & Holopainen, R. 2017: Äkämäsääski Neurepidosis gracilis Spungis Suomelle uutena Tampereelta (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). [Neurepidosis gracilis Spungis, new to Finland, from Tampere (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae).] – Sahlbergia 23(2): 2–4. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

A Porricondylinae gall midge species Neurepidosis gracilis Spungis, 1987 is reported for the first time from Finland. Larvae of the species were collected from pieces of coarse forest detritus and were reared to adults. The collecting site in South Finland, Tampere, was an aspen dominated boreal forest. Members of the genus Neurepidosis Spungis are rarely collected and poorly known; N. gracilis was hitherto known from Latvia and South Sweden only. Based on our record presented here, N. gracilis is a forest detritus associated species. The main diagnostic characters of the species are present in the male hypopygium: ventroapical margin of gonocoxites is slightly concave and gonostylus has a large, hyaline basal lobe.

Kahanpää, J., Kakko, I. & Haarto, A. 2017: Lejops vittatus (Meigen, 1822), Suomelle uusi kukkakärpänen (Diptera: Syrphidae). [Lejops vittatus (Meigen, 1822), a hoverfly new to the Finnish insect fauna (Diptera: Syrphidae)] – Sahlbergia 23(2): 5–7. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Three specimens of the rare hoverfly Lejops vittatus (Meigen, 1822) were found during the first days of July 2016 on a seashore meadow near the Husö Zoological Station, Åland, Finland. The species is new to Finland. L. vittatus is very local and mostly rare in Northern Europe, with less than twenty known localities—mostly single specimen records—in Sweden and Denmark. The flies were observed flying among clubrushes (Bolboschoenus sp., pr. B. maritimus) near the water margin of a grazed coastal meadow. The salinity of the Baltic Sea in this area is around 5-6 ‰ and tides are negligent. These records represent the hitherto northernmost occurences of Lejops vittatus. The presence of several specimens on potentially suitable breeding habitat suggests that the species has a local population on the Åland Islands.

Viitanen, E. 2017: Tipula luna Westhoff, 1879 (Diptera, Tipulidae) palasi takaisin Suomen lajistoon [Tipula luna Westhoff, 1879 (Diptera, Tipulidae) returned to the Finnish fauna] – Sahlbergia 23(2): 8–9. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Tipula luna Westhoff (Diptera, Tipulidae) palasi Suomen lajistoon. Yksi koirasyksilö talletettiin Ahvenanmaalta 17.6.2017. Tipula luna on aikaisemminkin ilmoitettu Suomesta, mutta Terijoen löytöpaikka ei ole Suomen nykyisten rajojen sisäpuolella.

Tipula luna Westhoff, 1879 (Diptera, Tipulidae) returned to the Finnish fauna. One male specimen was collected in Åland Islands on June 17th 2017. Tipula luna was previously reported from Finland based on a specimen from Terijoki on the Karelian Isthmus. Terijoki has not been within Finnish borders since the Second World War.

Clayhills, T. 2017: Reflections on the description of Glischrochilus tremulae Clayhills, Audisio & Cline 2016 (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) from Finland, with new information on its distribution. – Sahlbergia 23(2): 10–12. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Due to unexpected mistrust between the two senior authors, the original description of Glischrochilus tremulae Clayhills, Audisio & Cline 2016 came to include some mistakes and errors concerning the collection areas and methods. The misleadingly flat original habitus picture 2 is replaced here with appropriate photos of the new species, and the strangely confused text to pictures 12–13 is corrected. Older unrecognized records of the new species from Finland are listed.

Kerppola, S. 2017: Helsingin Santahaminan petopistiäiset (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae, Crabronidae). – Sahlbergia 23(2): 13–21. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

The local fauna of digger wasps (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae, Crabronidae) in the sudy area Helsinki Santahamina is presented. In total, 68 species have been recorded. This number represents about 44 % of the total number, 155, of digger wasp species recorded in Finland. Comments and photos on some rare species are provided.


Vuosikerta 24 (2018) CC BY-NC-ND

Tiivistelmät (englanniksi)

Vasamies, H. 2018: Antipalus varipes (Meigen, 1820) ensi kerran Suomessa (Diptera: Asilidae). – Sahlbergia 24(1): 2–3. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

A female of the robberfly species Antipalus varipes (Diptera: Asilidae) was photographed in Taipalsaari, southeastern Finland, in 2017 by Heikki Vasamies and Esa Sojamo. This is the first record of the species from the country. Antipalus varipes is very rare in northern Europe and it is on the red list in Sweden and Denmark. The Finnish Deference Forces shooting ranges on the sandy soils of Taipalsaari are well known for their valuable insect fauna.

Karhilahti, A., Rinne, V. & Salmela, J. 2018: Luhtakaalikirsikkään (Tipula subcunctans Alexander, 1921) massaesiintymä Turun Ruissalon golfkentällä [Mass occurrence of a crane fly species Tipula subcuntans Alexander, 1921 in a golf course at Turku, Ruissalo] – Sahlbergia 24(1): 4–7. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

The crane flies of the subgenus Tipula (Tipula) (Diptera, Tipulidae) are notorious pests of cruciferous plants and cereals in Europe and North America. Two species of the subgenus are present in Finland, T. paludosa Meigen and T. subcuntans Alexander, of which the former occurs in fields and pastures, the latter is mostly confined to wetlands and is not considered as a pest species. Here we report for the first time a mass occurrence of T. subcunctans in a golf course in SW Finland, Turku. The importance of crane fly larvae as agricultural pests in Finland is shortly discussed and a key for the identification of the Finnish species of Tipula (T.) is provided.

Ormio, H. 2018: Heinolan Kettuvuori, hienouurresulkukotilon Clausilia dubia (Draparnaud, 1805) toinen esiintymä Suomessa (Mollusca: Clausiliidae). [The second remaining population of the land snail Clausilia dubia (Draparnaud, 1805) in Finland]. – Sahlbergia 24(1): 8–11. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

A new location of the land snail Clausilia dubia was found in the years 2016 and 2017 in Heinola, Southern Finland (WGS84: 61.222 °N, 26.172 °E). The habitat suitable to the snail is at present very small, probably less than one hectare. Two Finnish C. dubia populations were known earlier: the one in Jyväskylä still exists but the other one in Muurame has probably died out. The nearest well doing populations are living in the glint area of Northern Estonia, 200 km south of Heinola. In Finland C. dubia was classified as critically endangered (CR) in 2010.

Heinolan Konnivedellä sijaitsevan Isosaaren Kettuvuorelta tavattiin pienestä lehmuslehdosta kesinä 2016 ja 2017 äärimmäisen uhanalaisia (CR) hienouurresulkukotiloita Clausilia dubia. Yhteensä talletettiin 22 yksilöä, joista 7 aikuisia ja 15 poikasia. Esiintymä on Jyväskylän Ylistönmäen ohella Suomen ainoa.

Vikberg, V. 2018. Bracon (Sculptobracon) yakui Watanabe löytynyt Suomesta (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) [Bracon (Sculptobracon) yakui Watanabe found in Finland (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)]. – Sahlbergia 24(1): 12–13. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

One female of Bracon (Sculptobracon) yakui Watanabe, 1937 was found in Finland, South Häme: Janakkala, Hangastenmäki (ETRS-TM35FIN 6752:369) on 9 October 2011. The female was compared with two paratypes of Bracon burjaticus Tobias, 1961 (a younger synonym of Bracon yakui). This is the westernmost locality for this trans-Palaearctic species known earlier from Japan (Hokkaido) to Central European Russia. The species is new for Finland and North Europe.

Väänänen, S., Vepsäläinen, K. & Vepsäläinen, V. 2018: Technomyrmex vitiensis Mann, 1921 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dolichoderinae), a new exotic tramp ant in Finland. – Sahlbergia 24(1): 14–19. Helsinki, Finland, ISSN 2342-7582.

Globalisation and urbanisation have steadily increased the occurrence and establishment of exotic ant species around the world. Even though native Finnish ants are well-studied, knowledge about introduced exotic ants living indoors in Finland is scanty. We report here a new exotic tramp ant, Technomyrmex vitiensis, found in 2016 the first time in Finland. The species lives in the two tropical houses of the Helsinki Zoo. The species is known to have, in addition to normal alate reproductives, wingless ergatoid queens and males. Ergatoid queens made around 15% of the individuals in the studied nests, but we were unable to find ergatoid males. Ergatoid queens were also found among foragers, outside nests; a behaviour that has not been recorded earlier in Technomyrmex species. Alate males were present only in nests sampled in late autumn. Nests that were sampled in early spring contained dealate queens, but queens were not found in the late autumn.

Globalisaatio ja kaupungistuminen ovat lisänneet vieraslajien, myös eksoottisten muurahaisten, leviämistä kautta maailman. Vaikka Suomen luonnossa elävät muurahaislajit tunnetaan suhteellisen hyvin, sisätiloissa tavattavista tulokasmuurahaisista ei tiedetä kovinkaan paljon. Kirjoituksessamme kerromme Suomesta ensi kerran vuonna 2016 löytyneestä uudesta eksoottisesta tulokasmuurahaisesta Technomyrmex vitiensis. Ehdotamme lajille suomenkielistä nimeä sorjateknomuurahainen. Se elää Helsingissä, Korkeasaaren eläintarhan trooppisissa taloissa. Lajilla on sekä normaaleja siivellisiä että ergatoidisia eli siivettömiä kuningattaria ja koiraita. Ergatoidisia kuningattaria oli 15 % tutkittujen pesien yksilöistä, mutta ergatoidisia koiraita emme löytäneet. Aikaisemmista tutkimuksista poiketen tapasimme ergatoidisia kuningattaria myös pesän ulkopuolella, työläisten parista. Siivellisiä koiraat löysimme vain loppuvuodesta otetuista pesänäytteissä. Siipensä pudottaneita kuningattaria oli vain alkuvuodesta otetuissa näytteissä.

Sivun vastuuhenkilö: 
Jere Kahanpää
18.9.2018